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Nebbad-Lechani B.,Parasitologie Mycologie Assistance Publique Hopitaux Of Paris Center Hospitalier University Henri Mondor | Emirian A.,Parasitologie Mycologie Assistance Publique Hopitaux Of Paris Center Hospitalier University Henri Mondor | Emirian A.,University Paris Est Creteil | Maillebuau F.,Parasitologie Mycologie Assistance Publique Hopitaux Of Paris Center Hospitalier University Henri Mondor | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Microbiological Methods | Year: 2013

The microbiological diagnosis of respiratory tract infections requires serial manual dilutions of the clinical specimen before agar plate inoculation, disrupting the workflow in bacteriology clinical laboratories. Automated plating instrument systems have been designed to increase the speed, reproducibility and safety of this inoculating step; nevertheless, data concerning respiratory specimens are lacking. We tested a specific procedure that uses the Previ Isola® (bioMérieux, Craponne, France) to inoculate with broncho-pulmonary specimens (BPS). A total of 350 BPS from a university-affiliated hospital were managed in parallel using the manual reference and the automated methods (expectoration: 75; broncho-alveolar lavage: 68; tracheal aspiration: 17; protected distal sample: 190). A specific enumeration reading grid, a pre-liquefaction step and a fluidity test, performed before the inoculation, were designed for the automated method. The qualitative (i.e., the number of specimens yielding a bacterial count greater than the clinical threshold) and quantitative (i.e., the discrepancy within a 0.5 log value) concordances were 100% and 98.2%, respectively. The slimmest subgroup of expectorations could not be managed by the automated method (8%, 6/75). The technical time and cost savings (i.e., number of consumed plates) reached 50%. Additional studies are required for specific populations, such as cystic fibrosis specimens and associated bacterial variants. An automated decapper should be implemented to increase the biosafety of the process. The PREVI Isola® adapted procedure is a time- and cost-saving method for broncho-pulmonary specimen processing. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. Source

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