Gif-sur-Yvette, France
Gif-sur-Yvette, France
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Cangahuala-Inocente G.C.,Federal University of Santa Catarina | Cangahuala-Inocente G.C.,University Abomey Calavi | Johnson J.-M.,French National Institute for Agricultural Research | Manga A.,Cheikh Anta Diop University | And 4 more authors.
Mycorrhiza | Year: 2011

Although plant biotisation with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) is a promising strategy for improving plant health, a better knowledge regarding the molecular mechanisms involved is required. In this context, we sought to analyse the root proteome of grapevine rootstock Selection Oppenheim 4 (SO4) upon colonisation with two AMF. As expected, AMF colonisation stimulates plant biomass. At the proteome level, changes in protein amounts due to AMF colonisation resulted in 39 differentially accumulated two-dimensional electrophoresis spots in AMF roots relative to control. Out of them, 25 were co-identified in SO4 roots upon colonisation by Glomus irregulare and Glomus mosseae supporting the existence of conserved plant responses to AM symbiosis in a woody perennial species. Among the 18 proteins whose amount was reduced in AMF-colonised roots were proteins involved in glycolysis, protein synthesis and fate, defence and cell rescue, ethylene biosynthesis and purine and pyrimidine salvage degradation. The six co-identified proteins whose amount was increased had functions in energy production, signalling, protein synthesis and fate including proteases. Altogether these data confirmed that a part of the accommodation program of AMF previously characterized in annual plants is maintained within roots of the SO4 rootstock cuttings. Nonetheless, particular responses also occurred involving proteins of carbon metabolism, development and root architecture, defence and cell rescue, anthocyanin biosynthesis and P remobilization, previously reported as induced upon P-starvation. This suggests the occurrence of P reprioritization upon AMF colonization in a woody perennial plant species with agronomical interest. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.

Albertin W.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Albertin W.,University of Bordeaux 1 | Albertin W.,French National Institute for Agricultural Research | Marullo P.,University of Bordeaux 1 | And 16 more authors.
Molecular and Cellular Proteomics | Year: 2013

Enzymes can be post-translationally modified, leading to isoforms with different properties. The phenotypic consequences of the quantitative variability of isoforms have never been studied. We used quantitative proteomics to dissect the relationships between the abundances of the enzymes and isoforms of alcoholic fermentation, metabolic traits, and growth-related traits in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Although the enzymatic pool allocated to the fermentation proteome was constant over the culture media and the strains considered, there was variation in abundance of individual enzymes and sometimes much more of their isoforms, which suggests the existence of selective constraints on total protein abundance and trade-offs between isoforms. Variations in abundance of some isoforms were significantly associated to metabolic traits and growth-related traits. In particular, cell size and maximum population size were highly correlated to the degree of N-terminal acetylation of the alcohol dehydrogenase. The fermentation proteome was found to be shaped by human selection, through the differential targeting of a few isoforms for each food-processing origin of strains. These results highlight the importance of posttranslational modifications in the diversity of metabolic and life-history traits. © 2013 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.

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