Papardo Hospital

Messina, Italy

Papardo Hospital

Messina, Italy
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Morgante A.,Papardo Hospital | Romeo F.,Papardo Hospital
Giornale di Chirurgia | Year: 2017

Sternal Wound Infections (SWI) represent a dangerous complication after cardiac surgery entailing significantly longer hospital stays and worse short-term survival, especially in case of deep infections (DSWI) with the onset of osteomielitis or mediastinitis. The real incidence of SWI can be estimated between 0.25% and 10%; among the risk factors for sternal dehiscences after a longitudinal median sternotomy, several experiences underline the role of diabetes as an independent risk factor for post-operative infections, especially in patients affected by COPD with higher BMI. The application of a negative-pressure therapy, through instill modality too, assures a wound cleansing through periodic irrigation of topical solutions with particulate secretion removal; moreover it improves the granulation process owing to the increased blood flow and makes the size wound reduction easier, representing very often the treatment of first-line in DSWI and an optimal bridge for another reconstructive procedure of the sternal defect. The following case report shows how a plastic surgical approach associated to the adoption of a VAC-therapy instill after specific antibiotictherapy has integrated and optimized the trend of a very complex clinical circumstance. © 2017, CIC Edizioni Internazionali, Roma.

Sacchi S.,University of Modena and Reggio Emilia | Marcheselli R.,University of Modena and Reggio Emilia | Lazzaro A.,Piacenza Hospital | Morabito F.,Cosenza Hospital | And 13 more authors.
Leukemia and Lymphoma | Year: 2011

Several trials comparing the efficacy of standard melphalan and prednisone (MP) therapy with MP plus thalidomide (MPT) in elderly patients with multiple myeloma (MM) have been reported, with inconsistent results. The primary goal of our study was to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of MP versus MPT in newly diagnosed patients with MM who were transplant-ineligible or over age 65. A total of 135 patients were enrolled. Either minimal response or better or partial response or better were more frequent with MPT treatment (p?=?0.001). After a median follow-up of 30 months, median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 33 and 52 months for MPT versus 22 and 32 months for MP, respectively. The comparison showed a significant advantage for MPT versus MP in PFS (p?=?0.02) and only a trend for OS (p?=?0.07). Severe adverse events were observed more frequently with MPT. In conclusion, our results show an improved activity of MPT at a cost of increased toxicity. We believe that MPT can be considered one of the new standard of care for elderly or transplant-ineligible patients with MM. © 2011 Informa UK, Ltd.

Tucci A.,Spedali Civili | Martelli M.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Rigacci L.,University of Florence | Riccomagno P.,Citta della salute e della Science Hospital | And 16 more authors.
Leukemia and Lymphoma | Year: 2015

Abstract We performed a multicenter study to validate the concept that a simple comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) can identify elderly, non-fit patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) in whom curative treatment is not better then palliation, and to analyze potential benefits of treatment modulation after further subdividing the non-fit category by CGA criteria. One hundred and seventy-three patients aged > 69 treated with curative or palliative intent by clinical judgement only were grouped according to CGA into fit (46%), unfit (16%) and frail (38%) categories. Two-year overall survival (OS) was significantly better in fit than in non-fit patients (84% vs. 47%; p < 0.0001). Survival in unfit and frail patients was not significantly different. Curative treatment slightly improved 2-year OS in unfit (75% vs. 45%) but not in frail patients (44% vs. 39%). CGA was confirmed as very efficient in identifying elderly patients with DLBCL who can benefit from a curative approach. Further efforts are needed to better tailor therapies in non-fit patients. © 2014 Informa UK, Ltd.

Ferrario A.,University of Milan | Pulsoni A.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Olivero B.,University of Milan | Rossi G.,Spedali Civili | And 11 more authors.
Cancer | Year: 2012

BACKGROUND: Indolent nonfollicular non-Hodgkin B-cell lymphomas (INFLs) are clonal mature B-cell proliferations for which treatment has not been defined to date. METHODS: In this phase 2 study of patients with advanced INFL, the authors evaluated the efficacy and safety of first-line rituximab, fludarabine, and cyclophosphamide (FCR) as induction immunochemotherapy (rituximab 375 mg/m 2 intravenously on day 1 of each cycle and on days 1 and 14 of cycles 4 and 5; fludarabine 25 mg/m 2 intravenously on days 2-4, cyclophosphamide 250 mg/m 2 intravenously on Days 2-4) every 28 days for 6 cycles followed by a maintenance phase with 4 infusions of rituximab (375 mg/m 2 intravenously on day 1) every 2 months for responders. RESULTS: Forty-seven patients were enrolled. Among 46 evaluable patients (28 men; median age, 59 years), 19 were diagnosed with lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma, 21 were diagnosed with small lymphocytic lymphoma, and 6 were diagnosed with nodal marginal zone lymphoma. The overall response rate after maintenance was 89.1% with a 67.4% complete remission (CR) rate (CR/unconfirmed CR) and a 21.7% partial response rate. After a median follow-up of 40.9 months, the failure-free survival and progression-free survival rates both were 90.1%, and the overall survival rate was 97.4%. The main toxicity was hematologic, and related grade 3 and 4 neutropenia was observed in 55.3% of patients. CONCLUSIONS: FCR induction therapy followed by a short maintenance phase is a highly effective regimen with acceptable toxicity. Cancer 2012. © 2011 American Cancer Society. Indolent nonfollicular non-Hodgkin B-cell lymphomas are clonal mature B-cell proliferations for which treatment has not been defined to date. The combination of rituximab, fludarabine, and cyclophosphamide as induction immunochemotherapy followed by a short maintenance phase with rituximab is a highly effective regimen with acceptable toxicity in this subset of lymphomas. Copyright © 2011 American Cancer Society.

Sansone F.,Mauriziano Umberto I Hospital | Zingarelli E.,Mauriziano Umberto I Hospital | Flocco R.,Mauriziano Umberto I Hospital | Dato G.M.A.,Mauriziano Umberto I Hospital | And 7 more authors.
Transplantation Reviews | Year: 2012

The end-stage cardiomyopathy is an increasing worldwide problem. Cardiac transplantation lacks sufficient donors to treat all patients, and there is thus debate about alternative strategies. The use of left ventricular assist devices for long-term support is increasing with a positive impact on patient survival. Although there is an ongoing debate regarding the risks and benefits of maintaining pulsatile flow during long-term ventricular assist device support, there has been a significant move towards implantation of continuous flow devices due to the lower surgical morbidity and better long-term reliability of these pumps. The following is a review of the literature on continuous and pulsatile flow for long-term support. Starting from the definition of flow, we analyze the current evidence and consider gastrointestinal complications. © 2012 Elsevier Inc.

D'Anneo R.W.,Papardo Hospital | Bruno M.E.,Lofarma S.p.A. | Falagiani P.,Lofarma S.p.A.
International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology | Year: 2010

Sublingual immunotherapy with monomeric allergoid (allergoid SLIT), given according to the standard scheme, has proved effective and safe in many clinical trials. However, its build-up phase requires a long time ranging from 16 days to 14 weeks. This study therefore investigated whether, with a four-day up-dosing, the same benefit could be achieved in a shorter time. Thirty rhinitic and/or asthmatic patients (16 M and 14 F, mean age 36±8.2 years) allergic to house dust mites (HDM) with or without other sensitizations were randomized to allergoid SLIT or standard drug therapy. The build-up phase lasted four days. The first day the patients took a 300 AU tablet, the second day two 300 AU tablets, the third day three 300 AU tablets and the fourth day four 300 AU tablets. The total amount taken during the up-dosing was 3000 AU. Patients were then treated for 12 months at the dosage of 2000 AU/week (total amount of allergen: 104,000 AU/year). The symptom score and drug consumption were recorded from November to February on monthly diary cards. At baseline and after 12 months a Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) was used to rate the patients' well-being. Skin prick test reactivity was evaluated before and after the 12-month treatment in both groups using 10 mg/mL histamine as reference. VAS scores rose significantly (about 45%) in both groups in comparison to baseline (p=0.001). In addition, there was a significantly greater reduction of the global symptoms score (about 52%) - but not in drug consumption - in the SLIT group in comparison to controls (p=0.0004). The SLIT group showed a highly significant reduction (about 39%) in skin prick test reactivity (p=0.000003) while the control group remained unchanged (p=0.5226). No severe adverse events were observed. Even with this short four-day up-dosing, the allergoid SLIT proves to be safe. In addition, it is already effective in patients allergic to HDM after 12 months, and significantly reduces allergen-specific skin reactivity. Copyright © by BIOLIFE, s.a.s.

Marcheselli L.,University of Modena and Reggio Emilia | Marcheselli R.,University of Modena and Reggio Emilia | Bari A.,University of Modena and Reggio Emilia | Liardo E.,University of Modena and Reggio Emilia | And 6 more authors.
Leukemia and Lymphoma | Year: 2011

The effects of radiotherapy (RT) after chemotherapy in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) remain unclear; several trials have yielded conflicting results. This study examined the effect of RT after cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone + rituximab (R-CHOP) treatment on event-free (EFS) and overall (OS) survival. Data from 216 patients with DLBCL who were enrolled in two clinical trials at Italian Lymphoma Study Group sites and were subjected to six R-CHOP cycles and involved-field radiotherapy (IFRT) were retrospectively analyzed. IFRT treatment yielded significant EFS benefit, with a 66% reduction in the risk of death and/or disease progression. Cox analysis, when adjusted for age, gender, stage, performance status (PS), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and disease bulk, confirmed the significant EFS benefit of IFRT. The role of RT in DLBCL in the rituximab era is unclear. Future studies must take into account new radiation techniques and the response to chemotherapy based on functional imaging. Prospective randomized trials incorporating response-adapted therapy and modern radiation techniques are needed. © 2011 Informa UK, Ltd.

Savica V.,Messina University | Savica V.,Papardo Hospital | Calo L.A.,University of Padua | Santoro D.,Messina University | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Nephrology | Year: 2011

Urine has always interested and attracted the attention of people. It was in fact never considered a waste product of the body but rather as a distilled product selected from the blood and containing useful substances for the care of the body. It was referred to as the "gold of the blood" and "elixir of long life," indicating its therapeutic potential. This paper reports on the practice of urine therapy since its origin attributed to the Indian culture, and briefly reviews its use through the centuries and different cultures and traditions. Records from the Egyptians to Jews, Greeks, Romans and from the Middle Ages and the Renaissance testify to the practice of urine therapy - a practice that continues to be found in more recent times, from the 18th century to the present. Experiences with the practice of urine therapy have even been discussed and shared recently in 2 different conferences: in 1996 in India and in 1999 in Germany, where people from different countries shared and presented their own research on urine therapy. © 2011 Società Italiana di Nefrologia.

Ceresa F.,Papardo Hospital | Patane F.,Papardo Hospital
Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery | Year: 2010

Minimally invasive vein harvesting (MIVH) has been developed in order to reduce the wound healing complications and the related cost. Therefore, the operative cost of endoscopic harvesting remains higher in comparison with the open harvesting. We describe a laryngoscope-assisted technique of saphenous vein harvesting, performing a few small skin incisions and with minimum additional cost. We have used our technique in 20 patients up to now without infection or other wound-related complications and with good cosmetic results.

Savica V.,Messina University | Savica V.,Papardo Hospital | Bellinghieri G.,Messina University | Monardo P.,Papardo Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Nephrology | Year: 2013

In 2006, the Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) guidelines introduced, for the first time, the definition and diagnostic and therapeutic criteria for a systemic complication of the mineral metabolism dysfunction, such as vascular calcification, caused by chronic renal insufficiency. Abdominal x-ray and echocardiography rather than the more complex CT scan is suggested to make the diagnosis. This condition is associated with high cardiovascular risk and consequent poor prognosis. An alteration in total body calcium (Ca) content is one of the key factors in the cardiovascular complications observed in uremic subjects. In the general population, the addition of Ca to the diet has been to shown to improve bone mineral density (BMD) compared to controls, but it does not appear to reduce the risk of bone fractures. In patients with CKD, there are certainly some theoretical justifications for administering calcium salts: vitamin D deficiency, which reduces the intestinal absorption of Ca; hypocalcemia, which increases the risk of hyperparathyroidism; and hyperphosphatemia, which justifies the use of Ca-based P binders. There is already a large body of evidence pointing against the use of Ca-based binding agents, when there is a positive Ca balance because of the development of vascular calcification. © 2013 Societá Italiana di Nefrologia.

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