Panthéon-Assas University , is a public research university in Paris, France. It was established so as to succeed the faculty of law and economics of the University of Paris, as the latter was divided into thirteen autonomous universities, following the events of May 1968.The majority of the nineteen campuses of Panthéon-Assas are located in the Latin Quarter, with the main campus on place du Panthéon. The university is composed of four departments specializing in law, economics, public and private management, and political science, and hosts twenty-four research centres and five specialized doctoral schools. The faculty of law of Panthéon-Assas is regarded as the most prestigious in France. Every year, the university enrolls approximately 18,000 students, including 3,000 international students.Since its founding, Panthéon-Assas has produced one president, four prime ministers and the holders of thirty-seven other ministerships around the world. Forty alumni of the university have been members of various parliaments as well. Faculty members of Panthéon-Assas have included eminent jurists and politicians. Wikipedia.
Bentata P.,Pantheon-Assas Paris II University
Environmental Economics and Policy Studies | Year: 2014
Reasons for the joint use of ex ante regulation and ex pos t liability to cope with environmental accidents have been a longstanding issue in law and economics literature. This article, which includes the first empirical study of the French environmental legal system, analyzes courts' decisions when injurers complied with regulatory standards. The results provide some evidence that liability may be a complement to regulation by encouraging aspects of care that cannot be regulated at reasonable costs, especially human behaviour and organization within dangerous entities. An unexpected effect of liability is observed: judges are more severe with the most regulated firms and public agents compared to smaller, private actors. This might be interpreted as complementing regulation when enforcement of regulatory standards is thought to be weak. © 2013 Springer Japan. Source
Quirico O.,Pantheon-Assas Paris II University
Review of European Community and International Environmental Law | Year: 2012
Climate change is by definition a global problem that is subject to a variety of regulatory initiatives. Besides the comprehensive framework established under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol, as strengthened by the recent Durban negotiations, a wide array of regulatory measures have been set up by public and private actors, either alone or via partnerships. This article aims to provide a brief overview and legal assessment of transnational regulatory networks for climate change, including both established regulators and rules. Indeed, the 'regulatory proliferation' in the field pushes to disentangle not only the reciprocal relationship between rules directly targeting climate change, but also the relationship between them and 'external' rules only indirectly relating to climate change. Mapping the existing climate change regulatory framework is essential for spotting potential loopholes and inconsistencies, correctly interpreting existing norms and eventually undertaking further regulatory action. Overall, the article concludes that within the context of a generally 'complex' regulatory regime, a gap currently exists between primary rules which gather an array of intertwined public-private regulatory initiatives and enforced secondary rules which encompass mainly obligations established by public actors only indirectly targeting climate change. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Source
Choi B.-J.,Pantheon-Assas Paris II University
Journal of Applied Business Research | Year: 2016
Drawing on the cultural priming paradigm, the purpose of this research is to investigate how cultural differences in cognition affect consumers’ hierarchical cognitive structures underlying wine purchase decision-making process. Means-end chain analyses of French and Korean wine consumers were conducted both at a chronic cultural difference level and at an experimental level in which either analytic or holistic thinking tendency is primed. The results show that the holistic thinking-primed consumers consider broader connections between the key perceptual elements of the means-end chain, resulting in more complex structures of interconnected motives than the analytic thinking-primed consumers. This study provides support for the dynamics of culture-specific thinking styles as the driver of cultural variations in wine consumers’ cognitive complexity in the decision-making process. Important practical implications for international food marketing managers stem from our cross-cultural findings. © by author(s); CC-BY. Source
Bentata P.,Pantheon-Assas Paris II University
Journal of Risk Research | Year: 2014
The aim of this article is to analyze the precise role of environmental civil liability in France. We do so by focusing on data from France, and claim that judges in fact seize hold of the possibility of combining regulation and civil liability. In other words, civil liability and regulation are complementary because they promote a duty of care in different ways. Moreover, judges and regulators interact; they provide each other with relevant information that is mutually beneficial for the maintenance of standards. Based on a unique database - that gathers all the litigations concerning environmental accidents judged by the French Supreme Court (Cour de Cassation) from 1956 to 2010 - we conclude that judges heavily rely on prior regulation, especially in cases of causal uncertainty. We argue that particularly in those cases where liability would traditionally be weak, courts tend to rely on breaches of regulation as evidence of increased risk of an activity by the perpetrator. On the other hand, judges can hold regulators liable when regulators did not monitor a regulated plant and this threat provides regulators with incentives to design and to apply stringent standards over risky activities. For these reasons, we conclude that regulation and civil liability should be jointly used to promote smart interdependencies that mitigate civil liability and regulatory failures. © 2014 © 2014 Taylor & Francis. Source
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IEF | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2009-IEF | Award Amount: 158.94K | Year: 2010
The proposed research aims to examine the way in which networks, resulting from the cooperation of public and/or private actors, are increasingly established under European Law. The research project analyzes the networks from both the institutional and the functional perspectives and, specifically, considers the networks established for the enforcement and the harmonization of European Law. This goal will be pursued by adopting a methodology that relies on a transdisciplinary approach to the study of Law (e.g. an approach that crossed over the traditional boundaries of private and public laws), and the suggestions coming from other disciplines (e.g. political sciences, sociology), especially with respect to the possibility to apply methods for research (e.g. the interviews) well known in certain disciplines, but not so often used in approaching EU Law. In particular, this research will concentrate on the following two case-studies. The first case-study regards the networks of public authorities and courts adopted to enforce Consumer Law and Competition Law (i.e. the Consumer Cooperation Regulation Network and the European Competition Network, CPC and ECN). The second case-study concerns the private-based networks that have been introduced to harmonize product safety standards and that are now under development within the New Legislative Framework (i.e. the European Standardization Organizations, ESOs). The research project will also examine the role played by these European networks in the international arena, and, precisely, the role of the CPC and the ECN in the transnational enforcement of Consumer Law and Competition Law as well as the tasks of the ESOs in the processes managed by the International Standardization Organization (ISO). The goals of this research consist in framing the emerging European experience in network governance within the wider theoretical framework provided for by the network theory.