Zoetermeer, Netherlands
Zoetermeer, Netherlands

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Islam D.M.Z.,Newcastle University | Zunder T.H.,Newcastle University | Jackson R.,Newcastle University | Nesterova N.,TNO | Burgess A.,PANTEIA
Transport Problems | Year: 2013

The paper examines the potential of three rail corridors: Trans-Sib, Central and TRACECA for freight transport between Central Europe and China. The paper applies a qualitative research method including a review of current literature and interviews. The research examines the technical, operational and bureaucratic conditions of the corridors. The research finds that the unreliable transit time, higher cost and damage and theft of cargo are the most pressing barriers to towards offering an efficient and integrated logistics and supply chain service along the corridors. This is due to, amongst others, problematic, multiple border-crossings and the lack of visible cooperation among the countries. The technical and operational barriers include a change of gauge, differing power supply and signalling systems and non-automated and fragmented information systems. The research also finds that the Trans-Sib is the most attractive corridor currently running and shows promise with the active contribution from the Russian government and relevant direct stakeholders such as Russian Railway (RZD). The TRACECA route is the most problematic option due to, among others, numerous border-crossings, infrastructure and rolling stock constraints and other associated problems.


Grant
Agency: Narcis | Branch: Project | Program: Completed | Phase: Physics, Chemistry and Medicine | Award Amount: | Year: 2007

None


Islam D.M.Z.,Northumbria University | Laparidou K.,PANTEIA | Burgess A.,PANTEIA
Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies | Year: 2015

Safe and reliable traffic management is vital for uninterrupted and successful operation of the European rail network, where mixed traffic (i.e. freight and passenger) services are run. Although rail freight derailment is infrequent, its consequences can be severe and may result in different forms of costs, including infrastructure; rolling stock; traffic disruptions; injuries and fatalities. The objective of this research paper is to conduct a cost benefit analysis (CBA) to identify cost effective mitigation techniques for efficient rail freight traffic management in Europe, by 2050. Reviewing previous derailments and studies, eight sets of derailment causes are analysed and, for each of them, sets of mitigation techniques are aimed at for their alleviation. The study finds that the highest cumulative costs of derailment are associated with 'wheel failure', while the lowest cumulative cost is identified for 'excessive track width'. Regarding mitigation techniques, the lowest cumulative benefits are demonstrated for 'track height' interventions, whereas 'wheel failure' alleviation demonstrates the highest benefits, in value terms (all by 2050). In most cases, the benefit to cost ratio did not exceed 2.6; in two cases ('track height' and 'rail failures') the ratio remained below 1 - a negative outcome where cost is higher than benefit. The study suggests that the most cost-efficient interventions are those applied to 'hot axle box and axle rupture' and 'spring and suspension failure'. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.


Reeder S.W.I.,Erasmus University Rotterdam | De Roos K.-P.,DermaPark | Vogels R.J.M.,Panteia | Neumann H.A.M.,Erasmus University Rotterdam
Phlebologie | Year: 2013

Aim: To get insight into the frequency of venous leg ulceration in the Dutch dermatologic practice, and into how this profession treats this disease. Design: Material and Methods: An e-survey was conducted. To all Dutch dermatologists and residents dermatology an email was sent with an online link to a questionnaire on venous leg ulcers. Results: The overall response was 30 %. 83.5 % of the doctors usually treat their patients according to the guideline. The dermatologic practice consists on average of 73 patients (range 0-500; SD 93) with leg ulceration, and yearly 54 new leg ulcer patients (range 0-300; SD 50) are seen. 65 % of the patients are women, 80 % is more than 45 years of age and 55 % is older than 65. Of all ulcers, 77 % has a venous aetiology, of which 59 % has a primary cause. Mean time to heal is 74 days (range 4-200; SD 39). Per year, dermatologists admit on average 7 patients (range 0-50; SD 11) because of leg ulceration. Eventually, 47 % of the admitted patients are treated by skin transplantation. Conclusions: This questionnaire gives a good insight in the epidemiology, and the diagnostic and therapeutic regimen for patients with venous leg ulcers in Dutch dermatologic practice. © Schattauer 2013.


Islam D.M.Z.,Northumbria University | Jackson R.,Northumbria University | Zunder T.H.,Northumbria University | Burgess A.,PANTEIA
European Transport Research Review | Year: 2015

Purpose: This paper presents a rail freight forecast for the EU27 for the period up to 2050. Background: Rail freight’s market share of the transport sector in Europe has been falling or remained stagnant since 1970. In contrast, the share of road freight has been increasing. As rail freight transport is generally considered an environmentally friendly option, various measures have been implemented for more than two decades, at national and European level, to encourage a modal shift from road to rail. In the latest EU Transport White paper policy paper of 2011, an optimistic target is set for greater use of rail freight transport, in both the near and the longer term future. Specifically: a modal shift, from road to rail, and waterway transport, of 30 % by 2030 and 50 % by 2050 - for distances greater than 300 km. Methodology: With the aforesaid policy objectives, the current research examines the possible effects of these aims in terms of future levels of rail freight demand. This research relies heavily upon the EU TRANS-TOOLS modelling tool and explores three scenarios. A Reference scenario - with no significant change to current rail freight policy, infrastructure and existing trends is considered alongside two White Paper scenarios (High and Low) which take more optimistic views of the white paper policy objectives. Results: The study finds that the Reference and White Paper Low scenarios demonstrate similar results in terms of growth and modal split. In stark contrast, the White paper High scenario results show that demand for rail freight services almost doubles compared to the Reference values. Conclusions: The rail sector is expected to attract new commodities from road transport such as foodstuffs and building and transport materials. To meet this demand, the rail industry - including operators, infrastructure managers and governments - will have to invest in technologies, infrastructure and terminals with a view to significantly increasing productivity against current levels. © 2015, The Author(s).


Grant
Agency: Narcis | Branch: Project | Program: Completed | Phase: Social Sciences | Award Amount: | Year: 2007

None


Grant
Agency: Narcis | Branch: Project | Program: Completed | Phase: Social Sciences | Award Amount: | Year: 2007

None


Grant
Agency: Narcis | Branch: Project | Program: Completed | Phase: Social Sciences | Award Amount: | Year: 2002

None


Grant
Agency: Narcis | Branch: Project | Program: Completed | Phase: Social Sciences | Award Amount: | Year: 2002

None


Grant
Agency: Narcis | Branch: Project | Program: Completed | Phase: Social Sciences | Award Amount: | Year: 2002

None

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