PubMed | b Pantarhei Bioscience BV, c Estetra SPRL and a Dinox BV
Type: Clinical Trial, Phase II | Journal: The European journal of contraception & reproductive health care : the official journal of the European Society of Contraception | Year: 2015
The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of different dosages of estetrol (E4) combined with one of two progestins in suppressing the pituitary-ovarian axis and ovulation in healthy premenopausal women.This was an open, parallel, phase II, dose-finding, pilot study performed in healthy women aged 18 to 35 years with a documented ovulatory cycle before treatment. For three consecutive cycles in a 24/4-day regimen, participants received 5 mg or 10 mg E4/3 mg drospirenone (DRSP); 5 mg, 10 mg or 20 mg E4/150 g levonorgestrel; or 20 g ethinylestradiol (EE)/3 mg DRSP as comparator. Pituitary-ovarian axis activity and the occurrence of ovulation were evaluated by monitoring follicular size, serum levels of follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinising hormone, estradiol and progesterone during treatment cycles 1 and 3. Endometrial thickness was evaluated throughout the trial, and the return of ovulation was evaluated after the last intake of medication.A total of 109 women were included in the trial. No ovulation occurred in any treatment group. Ovarian activity inhibition seemed proportional to the E4 dosage: the highest suppression was observed in the 20 mg E4 group and was very similar to that observed with EE/DRSP. Endometrial thickness was suppressed to the same extent in all groups. Post-treatment ovulation occurred in all participants between 17 and 21 days after the last active treatment. The study combinations were well tolerated and safe.Combined with a progestin, E4 adequately suppresses ovarian activity, particularly when given at a dosage above 10 mg/day.