Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: LCE-16-2014 | Award Amount: 3.00M | Year: 2015
The accelerated development of shale gas is accompanied by growing public concern regarding the safety of shale gas extraction and its impact on human health and the environment. For the US, shale gas exploitation proved very successful in changing the energy landscape in terms of security of domestic supply and increased contribution of gas in the energy mix. For Europe, shale gas exploitation could increase our resources and production of natural gas; a critical fuel for the transition to a low carbon energy system. However, there are a number of important gaps in our present understanding of shale gas exploration and exploitation, and a strong need for independent, science-based knowledge of its potential impacts in a European context. The M4ShaleGas program focuses on reviewing and improving existing best practices and innovative technologies for measuring, monitoring, mitigating and managing the environmental impact of shale gas exploration and exploitation in Europe. The technical and social research activities will yield integrated scientific recommendations for 1) how to minimize environmental risks to the subsurface, surface and atmosphere, 2) propose risk reduction and mitigation measures and 3) how to address the public attitude towards shale gas development. The 18 research institutes from 10 European Union Member States that collaborate in the M4ShaleGas consortium cover different geopolitical regions in Europe, including Member States that are at the forefront regarding shale gas exploration and exploitation in Europe as well as Member States where shale gas exploitation is not yet being actively pursued. The project governance ensures proper integration of all research activities. Knowledge and experience on best practices is imbedded by direct collaboration with US and Canadian research partners and input from representatives from the industry. During the project, results will be public and actively disseminated to all stakeholders.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-CSA-Infra | Phase: INFRA-2012-2.2.3. | Award Amount: 1.91M | Year: 2013
The proposed project constitutes the second part of a preparatory project aimed at forming a new distributed research infrastructure devoted to world-class experimental research pertaining to CCS. The project will bring the new research infrastructure up to the level of legal and financial maturity. Pursuant to this endeavour, a consortium has been established to provide the techno-economic, legal and commercial framework required to shift from planning to operation of the pan-European Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage Laboratory, ECCSEL. The consortium will settle all prerequisites associated with the organising and structuring of the new research infrastructure operating under a joint hallmark, ECCSEL. Efforts will be diverted towards management planning, governance, financing, legal issues, strategy and technical work. This will be made in due accordance with the project idea and the vision of ECCSEL, pursuant to objectives and targets as stated in the proposal. Emphasis will be placed on a) outlining and preparing the commercial setting of ECCSEL (to be established in 2015) resulting in the format of a prospectus (ECCSEL Business Plan), b) implementation planning of the research infrastructure as required to form ECCSEL, c) knowledge and innovation management in science and technology pertaining to the systemic handling of distributed research laboratory facilities improvement of the research infrastructure and its related services second (and third) generation CCS technology aiming especially to reduce the energy penalty, lowering the cost of electricity (or industrial yields) and cutting the lead time for CCS. The consortium, made up by world-leading research and demonstration providers within the field of carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS), offers an extensive collection of profound knowledge and experience within CCS-related research. This implies that the project and its succeeding operational phase will
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: SPA.2009.1.1.01 | Award Amount: 4.71M | Year: 2010
DORIS is an advanced downstream service for the detection, mapping, monitoring and forecasting of ground deformations, that integrates traditional and innovative Earth Observation (EO) and ground based (non-EO) data and technologies. The service delivers innovative products tailored for Civil Defense authorities. DORIS integrates state-of-the-art technological and scientific capabilities with existing European upstream services, complies with guidelines provided by the Emergency Response Core Services Interdisciplinary Group, and is linked to existing Core Services, including SAFER and GMES EMERGENCY. DORIS goes beyond the state-of-the-art technologies used to detect, map, monitor and forecast ground deformations. DORIS uses the unique ERS-1/2 and ENVISAT C-band SAR archives to provide unprecedented, very long time-series of ground deformations. DORIS evaluates new SAR sensors, including ALOS, COSMO-SkyMed and TERRASAR-X, exploiting the different bands (L/X), the significantly reduced revisiting time, and the higher spatial resolution offered by these sensors. DORIS moves forward the integration of satellite and ground-based SAR interferometry, coupled with GPS measurements and geophysical probing. DORIS exploits multi-spectral images to map ground deformations, to identify the elements at risk, and for dynamic risk scenarios design. Finally, DORIS investigates the possibility of using thermal images for the assessment of landslide susceptibility and hazard. DORIS will be tested in six study areas in Europe. Successful application of the service in these areas guarantees that the downstream service will work in Europe. DORIS will provide a business model for long term self-sustainability of the service; the project is proposed by a unique team of public administrations, research institutes, and enterprises with experience in EO technologies for Civil Defence applications. DORIS favors knowledge and technology transfer, and will stimulate European competitiveness.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CPCSA | Phase: INFRA-2008-1.2.2 | Award Amount: 6.76M | Year: 2009
The overall objective of the Geo-Seas project is to effect a major and significant improvement in the overview and access to marine geological and geophysical data and data-products from national geological surveys and research institutes in Europe by upgrading and interconnecting their present infrastructures.The Geo-Seas partnership has taken a strategic decision to adopt the SeaDataNet interoperability principles, architecture and components wherever possible. This approach allows the Geo-Seas upgrading to gain instant traction and momentum whilst avoiding wasteful duplicative effort. It is envisaged that the SeaDataNet infrastructure will provide a core platform that will be adaptively tuned in order to cater for the specific requirements of the geological and geophysical domains. A range of additional activities for developing and providing new products and services is also undertaken in order to fulfill the diverse needs of end-user communities.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: SPA.2010.1.1-01 | Award Amount: 3.21M | Year: 2011
PanGeo is a service proposed in response to FP7 GMES Downstream Call 3 (released July 2009). The objective of PanGeo is to enable free and open access to geohazard information in support of GMES. This will be achieved by the generation of a validated Geohazard Data Layer supported by a Geohazard Summary for 52 of the largest towns listed in the GMES Land Themes Urban Atlas involving all 27 countries of the EU. Upon user enquiry, a PanGeo web-portal will automatically integrate the geohazard data with the Urban Atlas to highlight the polygons influenced. The datasets will be made discoverable, accessible and useable via a distributed web-map system as built and demonstrated by OneGeology Europe (www.onegeology-europe.eu). The key users of PanGeo are anticipated as: Local Authority planners and regulators who are concerned with managing development risk, National geological surveys and geoscience institutes who are obliged to collect geohazard data for public benefit, Policy-makers concerned with assessing and comparing European geological risk, much as the Urban Atlas data is used to compare the landcover/use status of European towns. Products will be made by integrating: a) interpreted InSAR terrain-motion data (derived from existing projects, e.g. ESA GSE Terrafirma plus new processing), b) geological information, and c) the landcover and landuse data contained within the Urban Atlas. The integration and interpretation, plus a validation of key features observed, will be made by the corresponding national Geological Survey for the towns concerned. It is planned to deliver the service for two Urban Atlas towns in each country of the EU (Luxembourg and Cyprus only 1), equalling fifty-two towns in total. The geological survey concerned will choose the towns for processing from the Urban Atlas list using their own knowledge as to where the information will be of most use, probably the largest towns, which, when extrapolated, would equal (13% of total EU urban population). User input to design will be facilitated by the Surveys contracted into the project and initiation of Local Authority Feedback Group. Terrafirma has shown the potential for the self-sustainability of services providing InSAR-derived terrain-motion data, as 30% of users have gone on to procure further product on a commercial basis. In PanGeo, it is anticipated that, by adding considerably more value as described above, and promoting the clear benefits of such key environmental information, that the local authorities of neighbouring towns will begin to demand similar.