Panineeya Institute of Dental science

Dilsukhnagar, India

Panineeya Institute of Dental science

Dilsukhnagar, India
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PubMed | MNR Dental College, Awadh Dental College & Hospital and Panineeya Institute of Dental science
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Clinics and practice | Year: 2014

Hemangiomas of the head and neck are considered to be benign tumors of infancy that are characterized by a rapid growth phase with endothelial cell proliferation, followed by gradual involution. Central hemangiomas are a rare occurrence and even rarer are the hybrid tumors of central hemangiomas with odontogenic tumors such as ameloblastomas. This paper reports a case of one such hybrid tumor in a middle aged adult clinical presenting as a mandibular swelling with indistinct mixed radiographic presentation and histopathologically comprising of intimately associated hemangiomatous vascular channels and typical ameloblastic areas. To the authors knowledge this is the sixth case of such a hemangiomatous ameloblastoma which has been reported till date.

PubMed | Government of Rajasthan, Panineeya Institute of Dental science, Awadh Dental College and Mallareddy Institute of Dental science
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry | Year: 2014

Diabetes is a third leading cause of mortality and morbidity in the world. Diabetes is one of the most common endocrine metabolic disorders and its prevalence has been increasing worldwide. Oral exfoliative cytology may be a more appropriate adjunctive diagnostic tool in conditions like diabetes mellitus, where the invasive techniques lose viability.The purpose of this study is to analyze the cytomorphometric changes in the exfoliated cells of the oral mucosa, as an adjunct to the diagnosis of diabetes.Smears were taken from the buccal mucosa of 30 diabetes patients (study group) and 30 healthy individuals (control group). All the smears were stained with rapid Papanicolaou stain (PAP). In the PAP smears, the nuclear area (NA), cytoplasmic area (CA), and cytoplasmic-to-nuclear ratio (CNR) were evaluated for 50 cells in each smear, using the Image Analysis Software (Magnus Pro) and research microscope (Lawrence and Mayo).The results showed that the mean NA was significantly higher (P < 0.001) in the study group, whereas, the mean CA did not exhibit a statistically significant difference (P > 0.001). The mean CNR was significantly lower in the study group (P < 0.001).The results associated with the clinical observations suggest that diabetes can produce morphological and functional alterations in the oral epithelial cells, detectable by microscopic and cytomorphometric analysis using exfoliative cytology, which can be used in the diagnosis of the disease.

Muppa R.,Panineeya Institute of Dental science | Bhupatiraju P.,Panineeya Institute of Dental science | Duddu M.,Panineeya Institute of Dental science | Penumatsa N.V.,Panineeya Institute of Dental science | And 2 more authors.
Noise and Health | Year: 2013

Fear or anxiety due to noise produced in the dental clinic is rated third among the reasons to avoid dental visits. The aim of the present study was to determine anxiety levels associated with noise in a dental clinic. The study was done using a survey questionnaire containing 10 questions and was divided into two parts. The first part included demographic information such as name, age, gender, and school; the second half included questions regarding patient′s feelings toward noise in the dental clinic and its possible link to dental anxiety. Two-hundred and fifty children and adolescents of age group 6-15 years participated in the study. Results of the study showed that 50% of females, 29% males avoided a visit to the dentist because of anxiety and fear, 38% subjects of age group 6-11 years reported that sound of the drill makes them uncomfortable, followed by having to wait in the reception area. Gender gap was also observed with more females feeling annoyed than males on the 1-10 annoyance level scale. More than 60% felt «annoyed» to «extremely annoyed» by noise in the dental clinic. 45% of subjects preferred watching television to cope with such noise. This study concludes that the noise produced in dental clinic is anxiety provoking and significantly contributes to avoidance of dental treatment and the best way opted by the majority of subjects to overcome this anxiety was audiovisual distraction method.

Srikanth Reddy B.,Panineeya Institute of Dental science | Doshi D.,Panineeya Institute of Dental science | Padma Reddy M.,Panineeya Institute of Dental science | Kulkarni S.,Panineeya Institute of Dental science | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery | Year: 2012

Aim: To assess the 1) levels of awareness and knowledge about risk factors and early signs of oral cancer among dental patients visiting dental hospital in Hyderabad city, South India 2) and to correlate the knowledge levels according to age, gender and education levels. Methods: The survey comprised of 16-item questionnaire which was distributed to patients attending Panineeya Institute of Dental Sciences, Hyderabad. Data was collected and statistically analysis was done using SPSS software (12.0 version). p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: 2045 participants completed the questionnaire (response rate - 97. 9%). The reliability of the questionnaire as calculated by Cronbach's alpha was 0.75. Mean age of the study population was 37.9 years. 60.2% of the respondents had heard about oral cancer. When knowledge towards risk factors of oral cancer was taken into consideration along with variables, significant differences were seen only in gender with female having better knowledge (p = 0.02). No significant difference was noted among the age group and varying education levels. However, knowledge about early signs of oral cancer revealed a highly significant difference with the level of education (p = 0.000). Conclusion: The awareness levels and knowledge about risk factors and early signs of oral cancer in this cross-section of Indian dental patients were satisfactory. © 2011 European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery.

Doshi D.,Panineeya Institute of Dental science | Reddy B.S.,Panineeya Institute of Dental science | Kulkarni S.,Panineeya Institute of Dental science | Karunakar P.,Panineeya Institute of Dental science | Anup N.,Jaipur Dental College
Epilepsy and Behavior | Year: 2012

Aim: The present study was designed to assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices about epilepsy among a group of dentists in Hyderabad city, India. Materials and methods: All dentists registered with the local Dental Association branch were eligible to participate in this questionnaire study. Descriptive and Inferential Statistics were used. Multiple group analysis was done using Kruskal-Wallis, and Mann Whitney U Test was used for two-group comparison. The variables were taken as significant at a p value of 0.05. Results: A total of 217 respondents with mean age of 33.16 ± 10.4. years participated in the study. Most respondents possessed a post-graduate (Master of Dental Surgery - MDS) degree (59.4%). A convulsion or shaking was identified as the most familiar recognizable symptom of epilepsy. 84.3% of the dentists would not object to their children having association with patients with epilepsy, and 61.3% would not object to their relative marrying a person with a history of epilepsy. A large number of dentists (178; 82%) were confident to treat a person with epilepsy. 95.3% assumed that they have an ethical responsibility to treat this population. None of the practice-related questions showed any significant difference with respect to different age groups, gender or the education levels (BDS/MDS). Conclusion: Our study reflects that this group of Indian dentists has a fairly high knowledge and positive attitudes toward patients with epilepsy. This encouraging approach and confidence among dentists may positively influence patients with epilepsy to seek dental care. © 2012 Elsevier Inc.

PubMed | Panineeya Institute of Dental science
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR | Year: 2015

Spindle cell haemangioma (SCH) is a benign vascular lesion which usually occurs on distal extremities. It was previously regarded as haemangioendothelioma and was initially perceived to be low grade angiosarcoma.They are characterized by cavernous blood vessels and spindle cell proliferation. It is now considered as a reactive lesion and conservative surgical excision is preferred treatment. Intraoral occurrence is rare; hence we present a case of SCH in a 33-year-old male that presented as a swelling below the tongue. Histopathology showed well circumscribed proliferating spindle cells attached to vessel walls, dilated vascular spaces. The lesion was positive for CD31 and CD34 markers suggesting it to be of endothelial cell origin.

PubMed | Panineeya Institute of Dental science
Type: | Journal: Case reports in dentistry | Year: 2013

Traumatic injuries to teeth account for approximately 25% of dental conditions where a patient seeks dentist for emergency treatment. Radicular fractures are one such entity which is very challenging to address due to various complications like periodontal communication, increased mobility, and continued pulpal infection leading to necrosis. Radicular fractures in the middle third have long been considered teeth of salvage due to their unfavourable fracture pattern. During the recent years introduction of biomimetic materials has opened the horizon for saving these teeth. In the present case report a novel approach to the management of radicular fractures in the middle third has been presented.

PubMed | Panineeya Institute of Dental science
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry | Year: 2015

Time bound increase in the nanohardness of the enamel after remineralization with casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) in a regular interval of 1 h has not been explored in the literature to a greater extent.To determine and compare the maximum hardness of the remineralized caries-like lesions, in terms of nanohardness and the rate of achieving maximum hardness at 1-h interval, after treatment with artificial saliva and CPP-ACP, over 12 h.Fifty longitudinal sections of extracted sound permanent maxillary central, lateral incisors were immersed in demineralizing solution for 4 days. The samples were then randomly divided into three groups, consisting of 12 sections each for soaking them in three different media-isotonic saline, artificial saliva, and CPP-ACP for 12 h. The nanohardness was measured on the labial surface, at baseline, after erosion, and after remineralization at 1-h interval.The data was analyzed with paired t-test, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and post-hoc analysis.CPP-ACP increased the enamel hardness significantly (P < 0.001), at an increased rate, than artificial saliva.This study has provided an insight into the frequency of use of CPP-ACP, once per day, as the nanohardness of enamel samples increased within 1 h of application and remained within the normal limits after 12 h.

PubMed | Panineeya Institute of Dental science
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR | Year: 2016

In infancy and childhood haemangiomas are the most common neoplasms in head and neck region with an occurrence of about 60%. Approximately 40%-50% of all haemangiomas resolve incompletely, leaving permanent changes in the skin, such as telangiectases, epidermal atrophy, hypopigmentation or redundant skin with fibro-fatty residue but a few stubborn, problematic haemangiomas may result in serious disfigurement and dysfunction, and even become life-threatening. Most haemangiomas are managed by conservative methods that include corticosteroids (either systemic or local injection), sclerotherapy, interferon-alpha, laser therapy, embolization, cryotherapy, and radiation. Due to risk of haemorrhaging, surgical removal for small vascular lesions is not considered and it is more invasive than sclerotherapy. This case report presents the efficacy of intralesional sclerotherapy for the management of haemangiomas on dorsum and lateral border of tongue.

PubMed | Panineeya Institute of Dental science
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of cancer research and therapeutics | Year: 2016

Oral cancer is a disease with complex etiology. There is a strong evidence for the role of smoking, alcohol, genetic susceptibility, and indications that DNA viruses could also be involved in oral cancer. Recognized initially as sexually transmitted agent, human papilloma virus (HPV) is now considered a human carcinogen. Papilloma viruses are epitheliotropic viruses. A strong association of cervical cancer has been implicated with high-risk HPV16 and HPV18 infections, establishing the viral pathogenesis of the carcinoma. The etiopathogenesis is still unclear referring mainly to conflicting evidences in the detection of such viruses in oral carcinoma in spite of few studies suggesting their positive correlation.This systematic meta-analysis aimed to provide evidence-based analysis of literature relating oral cancer and HPV, along with identification of reliable diagnostic methodology for identifying HPV in oral and oropharyngeal cancer.A systematic review was performed using PubMed (from the year 1995 to 2015), Medline, Cochrane, ScienceDirect, and the Internet search. Reviewed literature included randomized control trials, cross sectional and cohort studies. Pooled data were analyzed by calculating relative risk and odds ratios (ORs), using a binary random-effects model.Out of 1497 cases, 588 patients were positive for HPV DNA, detected by various methods. About 39.27% of case samples were positive for HPV DNA. The calculated OR was 2.82 and 95% confidence interval, which showed significantly an increased risk of HPV among case group when compared to that of controls.The present meta-analysis suggests a potentially significant casual relation between HPV and oral and oropharyngeal cancers.

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