Time filter

Source Type

Barcelona, Spain

Barboza N.M.,University of New Brunswick | Medina D.J.,University of New Brunswick | Budak-Alpdogan T.,University of New Brunswick | Aracil M.,PharmaMar R and D | And 3 more authors.
Cancer Biology and Therapy

Plitidepsin (Aplidin), an antitumor agent of marine origin, presently is undergoing phase II/III clinical trials, and has shown promise for the treatment of lymphoma. Here, we describe the antitumor effects of plitidepsin alone and in combination with rituximab and investigated the effects of each drug and the combination on the cell cycle and mechanism of cell death. Several Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma (DLCL) lines and Burkitt cell lines were tested for sensitivity to plitidepsin and rituximab. All DLCL and Burkitt lymphoma cell lines were inhibited by plitidepsin in nanomolar concentrations, while rituximab sensitivity varied among different cell lines. Ramos and the RL cell lines proved sensitive to rituximab and were used to test the effects of each of the two drugs. The two agents exhibited synergism at all tested concentrations. For in vivo studies, irradiated athymic nude mice were engrafted with the Ramos lymphoma. Treatment was initiated when the tumors were ~0.5 cm in diameter, and toxic and therapeutic effects were monitored. In the in vivo study, additive effects of the combined two drugs, was demonstrated without an increase in host toxicity. The in vitro synergy and the in vivo additive antitumor effects without an increase in host toxicity with two relatively non-marrow suppressive agents encourages further development of this combination for treatment of aggressive B-cell lymphomas. © 2012 Landes Bioscience. Source

Karachaliou N.,University of Barcelona | Molina-Vila M.A.,Pangaea Biotech | Rosell R.,University of Barcelona | Rosell R.,Catalan Institute of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology | Rosell R.,Molecular Oncology Research Foundation MORe
Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine

Mutational activation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene is implicated in lung cancer; clinical and cancer genome sequencing studies have identified hundreds of mutations in the protein kinase domain. EGFR mutation testing usually focuses on common mutations like the exon 19 deletion and exon 21 point mutation (L858R). However, molecular screening methods have started to extend beyond identification of classic EGFR mutations to prevent exclusion of patients with rare or complex mutations who may benefit from anti-EGFR therapy. Rare EGFR-mutated non-small-cell lung cancers are heterogeneous: exon 20 insertions lack sensitivity to tyrosine kinase inhibitors while exon 18 or complex mutations are more sensitive and require individual assessment. Until testing for uncommon EGFR mutations evolves and studies with large number of patients are performed, knowledge of this field will remain limited. © 2015 Informa UK, Ltd. Source

Karachaliou N.,University of Barcelona | Cao M.G.,University of Barcelona | Teixido C.,Pangaea Biotech | Viteri S.,University of Barcelona | And 6 more authors.
Cancer Biology and Medicine

Survival rates for metastatic lung cancer, including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and small cell lung cancer (SCLC), are poor with 5-year survivals of less than 5%. The immune system has an intricate and complex relationship with tumorigenesis; a groundswell of research on the immune system is leading to greater understanding of how cancer progresses and presenting new ways to halt disease progress. Due to the extraordinary power of the immune system-with its capacity for memory, exquisite specificity and central and universal role in human biology-immunotherapy has the potential to achieve complete, long-lasting remissions and cures, with few side effects for any cancer patient, regardless of cancer type. As a result, a range of cancer therapies are under development that work by turning our own immune cells against tumors. However deeper understanding of the complexity of immunomodulation by tumors is key to the development of effective immunotherapies, especially in lung cancer. Copyright © 2015 by Cancer Biology & Medicine Source

Costa C.,Pangaea Biotech | Molina M.A.,Pangaea Biotech | Drozdowskyj A.,Pivotal | Gimenez-Capitan A.,Pangaea Biotech | And 20 more authors.
Clinical Cancer Research

Purpose: Concomitant genetic alterations could account for transient clinical responses to tyrosine kinase inhibitors of the EGF receptor (EGFR) in patients harboring activating EGFR mutations. Experimental Design: We have evaluated the impact of pretreatment somatic EGFR T790M mutations, TP53 mutations, and Bcl-2 interacting mediator of cell death (BCL2L11, also known as BIM) mRNA expression in 95 patients with EGFR-mutant non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) included in the EURTAC trial (trial registration: NCT00446225). Results: T790M mutations were detected in 65.26% of patients using our highly sensitive method based on laser microdissection and peptide-nucleic acid-clamping PCR, which can detect the mutation at an allelic dilution of 1 in 5,000. Progression-free survival (PFS) to erlotinib was 9.7 months for those with T790M mutations and 15.8 months for those without, whereas among patients receiving chemotherapy, it was 6 and 5.1 months, respectively (P < 0.0001). PFS to erlotinib was 12.9 months for those with high and 7.2 months for those with low/intermediate BCL2L11 expression levels, whereas among chemotherapy-treated patients, it was 5.8 and 5.5 months, respectively (P = 0.0003). Overall survival was 28.6 months for patients with high BCL2L11 expression and 22.1 months for those with low/intermediate BCL2L11 expression (P = 0.0364). Multivariate analyses showed that erlotinib was a marker of longer PFS (HR = 0.35; P = 0.0003), whereas high BCL2L11 expression was a marker of longer PFS (HR = 0.49; P = 0.0122) and overall survival (HR = 0.53; P = 0.0323). Conclusions: Low-level pretreatment T790M mutations can frequently be detected and can be used for customizing treatment with T790M-specific inhibitors. BCL2L11 mRNA expression is a biomarker of survival in EGFR-mutant NSCLC and can potentially be used for synthetic lethality therapies. ©2014 AACR. Source

Ferrara R.,University of Verona | Pilotto S.,University of Verona | Peretti U.,University of Verona | Caccese M.,University of Verona | And 10 more authors.
Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy

Introduction: Although the advent of target therapy for lung cancer has brought about outstanding results, this benefit is confined to a subgroup of molecularly selected patients, whereas for most non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients, chemotherapy still represents the milestone of treatment. Since their introduction into clinics, microtubule targeting agents (MTA), including vinca alkaloids and taxanes, have been extensively used for NSCLC in different settings and combinations. Areas Covered: In this review, MTA are classified according to their mechanism of action, with a focus on the most common mechanisms of resistance. Moreover, an overview of the most remarkable clinical data regarding MTA in adjuvant, neoadjuvant and advanced setting is provided. Finally, the novel mitotic kinases inhibitors are described according to their different mechanism of action and clinical activity compared to MTA. Expert Opinion: Unfortunately, the awaited benefit deriving from the actually available chemotherapeutic regimens for advanced NSCLC has reached a plateau. In this scenario, the identification of reliable predictive biomarkers represents a major challenge. Moreover, different schedules for MTA administration are currently under investigation, such as the combination of MTA with other drugs able to bypass the resistance derived from the ‘mitotic slippage’ and the use of metronomic administration of spindle poisons with anti-angiogenic or immunomodulatory agents. © 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. Source

Discover hidden collaborations