PARC , formerly Xerox PARC, is a research and development company in Palo Alto, California, with a distinguished reputation for its contributions to information technology and hardware systems.Founded in 1970 as a division of Xerox Corporation, PARC has been responsible for such well known and important developments as laser printing, Ethernet, the modern personal computer, graphical user interface and desktop paradigm, object-oriented programming, ubiquitous computing, amorphous silicon applications, and advancing very-large-scale-integration for semiconductors.Xerox formed Palo Alto Research Center Incorporated as a wholly owned subsidiary in 2002. Wikipedia.
Palo Alto Research Center PARC | Date: 2017-03-08
Passive radiative cooling panels are produced by anodizing an aluminum foil sheet to form metamaterial nanostructures and then forming a plated metal over the metamaterial nanostructures to produce an ultra-black emitter, and then securing a reflective layer (e.g., a solar mirror film) onto the ultra-black emitter. The process is implementable in a roll-to-roll-type fabricating system in which a continuous aluminum foil ribbon extends from a feed roll through an anodization station to a reflector mounting station such that a first ribbon section undergoes anodization while a second ribbon section undergoes plating and a reflective layer is mounted onto a third ribbon section. A modified Anodic Aluminum Oxide (AAO) self-assembly technique is utilized to generate tapered nanopores that are then plated to generate an ultra-black emitter capable of generating broadband radiant energy with an emissivity close to unity. Modules are produced by mounting the panels onto conduit structures.
Palo Alto Research Center PARC | Date: 2017-03-01
A method includes functionalizing edges of particles of an anisotropic material, exfoliating of the particles to form sheets of the material, aligning the sheets of material to form a network of multi-layered and aligned particles, and forming a structure out of the network of particles. A method includes functionalizing edges of particles of an anisotropic material, exfoliating the particles to form sheets of the material, aligning the sheets of material to form a network of multi-layered and aligned particles, and forming a structure out of the network of particles.
Palo Alto Research Center PARC | Date: 2017-02-15
Provided is a manufacturing process for electronic circuit components such as bare dies, and packaged integrated chips, among others, where the surface of the electronic circuit component is at the same level as the associated substrate, the surface of the electronic circuit component holding connection pads. A gap exists between the electronic circuit component, and the end of an opening within the substrate. This gap is filled with a filler material, such as a bonding material. The bonding material also used to encapsulate or bond together the back side of the substrate and electronic circuit component. During the manufacturing process, the front surface of the electronic circuit component (which includes the contact pads) and the front surface of the substrate which includes electronic circuitry are held in an adhesive relationship by a flat material having an upper surface which includes adhesive or sticky material (such as PDMS). Once the flat material is removed the planar flat or level upper surface can readily accept the formation of conductive traces by the use of inkjet printing or other technologies.
Palo Alto Research Center PARC | Date: 2017-03-29
One embodiment of the present invention provides a system for correctly processing interests in an information-centric network (ICN). During operation, the system receives, by a first node in the ICN, an interest for a piece of content from a second node. The interest specifies a name of the content piece. The system determines, based on forwarding information and information associated with pending interests stored on the first node, whether a forwarding condition or an interest aggregation condition is satisfied. In response to the forwarding condition being satisfied, the system forwards the interest. In response to the interest aggregation condition being satisfied, the system aggregates the interest.
Palo Alto Research Center PARC | Date: 2017-02-22
A method and system for generating a personalized health management recommendation for a user. During operation, the system obtains first physiological data generated by a wearable device worn by the user that indicates a physiological condition of the user. The system then generates a prediction model for the user based on the first physiological data. Next, the system obtains real-time physiological data generated by the wearable device. The system may generate a prediction by analyzing the real-time physiological data to determine whether the users physiological condition exceeds a threshold parameter according to the prediction model. Upon determining that the threshold parameter has been exceeded, the system may select a recommendation and send the recommendation message to the users mobile device.
Palo Alto Research Center PARC | Date: 2017-04-05
One embodiment of the present invention provides a router in an information-centric network (ICN). The router includes a receiving module configured to receive an interest for a piece of content. The interest indicates a name associated with the piece of content. The router also includes an interestprocessing module configured to: determine whether the interest can be forwarded; in response to determining that the interest can be forwarded to a second router, select an identifier from a set of identifiers assigned to the router by the second router; and process the interest by inserting the identifier into the interest. The router further includes a forwarding module configured to forward the processed interest to the second router.
Palo Alto Research Center PARC | Date: 2017-03-29
One embodiment of the present invention provides a router in an information-centric network (ICN). The router includes a receiving module configured to receive an interest for a piece of content. The interest indicates a name associated with the piece of content. The router further includes an interest-processing module configured to: determine whether the interest can be forwarded; in response to determining that the interest can be forwarded to a second router, obtain a label that is specific to the second router; and attach the label to the interest. The router also includes a forwarding module configured to forward the interest to the second router with the attached label.
Palo Alto Research Center PARC | Date: 2017-02-08
An electronic test plate includes a test plate comprising plurality of wells, each well configured to contain a substance to be analyzed. Sensors are arranged to sense characteristics of the substance and to generate sensor signals based on the sensed characteristics over time. The sensors are arranged so that multiple sensors are associated with each well. At least one sensor of the multiple sensors senses a characteristic of the substance that is different from a characteristic sensed by another sensor of the multiple sensors. Sensor select circuitry is arranged on a backplane disposed along the test plate. The sensor select circuitry is coupled to the sensors and enable the sensor signals of selected sensors to be accessed at a data output of the backplane.
Palo Alto Research Center PARC | Date: 2017-04-19
One embodiment provides a system that facilitates selective encryption of bit groups of a message. During operation, the system determines, by a content requesting device or content producing device, a message that includes a plurality of bit groups, each corresponding to a type, a length, and a set of values, wherein one or more bit groups are marked for encryption, and wherein the message indicates a name that is a hierarchically structured variable-length identifier comprising contiguous name components ordered from a most general level to a most specific level. The system computes a plurality of cipher blocks for the message based on an authenticated encryption protocol. The system encrypts the one or more bit groups marked for encryption based on one or more symmetric keys, wherein the marked bit groups include one or more name components. Subsequently, the system indicates the encrypted bit groups as encrypted.
Street R.A.,Palo Alto Research Center PARC
Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics | Year: 2011
Transient photocurrent (TPC) and transient photovoltage (TPV) measurements are reported in bulk heterojunction organic solar cells. TPC is used to measure the band tail and deep trap density of states within the interface band gap and to identify the carrier species from the relative contribution of drift and diffusion. Steep exponential band tails are observed near the donor valence band edge, changing to a broader distribution of states at larger trap energies. The effect of the localized state distribution on the recombination is analyzed-particularly for geminate recombination, where it is shown that band tails can substantially enhance the probability that geminate pairs ionize to form free carriers. The TPV response is shown to have completely different characteristics from those of TPC, and the explanation is provided. © 2011 American Physical Society.