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Mahbubnagar, India

Palamuru University is a public university situated in Mahbubnagar in Telangana. Wikipedia.

Harish Kumar Reddy Y.,Osmania University | Srijana M.,Osmania University | Madhusudhan Reddy D.,Palamuru University | Gopal R.,Osmania University
African Journal of Biotechnology | Year: 2010

Banana is a major cash crop of many regions generating good amount of waste after harvest. This agro waste which is left for natural degradation is used as substrate for single step ethanol fermentation by thermophilic, cellulolytic, ethanologenic Clostridium thermocellum CT2, a new culture isolated from elephant droppings. Scanning electron microscopic pictures clearly indicate cellulolysis and close interaction of selected isolate CT2 with cellulose. The optimum conditions for cellulose fermentation were 60°C, pH 7.5, inoculums size 5% and incubation time 5 days. Ethanol produced and reducing sugars were estimated by gas chromatography. Clostridium thermosaccharolyticum HG8 and Thermoanaerobacter ethanolicus ATCC 31937 were used in coculture fermentation with CT2. Coculture fermentation of CT2 with HG8 was more efficient in terms of ethanol production, cellulose degradation and reducing sugars utilization. A maximum ethanol yield of 0.41g/g substrate used was obtained on coculturing CT2 with HG8 on alkali treated banana waste. Coculture was active even at substrate concentrations up to 100 g/l, a maximum ethanol of 22 g/l was obtained at 100 g/l substrate concentration on coculturing CT2 with HG8. This is the first report on anaerobic single step conversion of banana waste to ethanol by C. thermocellum. © 2010 Academic Journals. Source

An attempt was made to investigate the effect of different polluted soils on the mycorrhizal association, nodulation and subsequent growth of Acacia melanoxylon and Leucaena leucocephala tree species. Five industrial pollutant affected soils viz., Organic chemicals, pesticide, detergent, paper and neem seed oil cake were employed in this study and Palamuru University Campus soil used as a control. Among the five types of effluents, Adarsha Paper Industries and Vidyadhari neem extract effluents exerted less negative effect. Corey organics and Rhyme organics factory effluents have shown maximum inhibitory effect, K. K. Detergent factory effluents exerted moderate inhibitory effect. Both agro forestry tree species were shown similar response towards AM colonization, nodulation and growth against five industrial effluents. © 2011 Academic Journals. Source

Chinna Devi G.,Palamuru University | Bhaskara Rao R.,Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University Anantapur
Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences | Year: 2012

The objective of the study is to formulate and evaluate floating tablets of pioglitazone employing cross-linked starch-urea, a modified starch in comparison to HPMC K15 M, a synthetic cellulose derivative. Floating tablets of pioglitazone were prepared employing cross linked starch urea and HPMC K15 M as matrix formers, sodium bicarbonate as gas generating agent and bees wax and ethyl cellulose as floating enhancers and the tablets were evaluated for in vitro buoyancy and drug release characteristics. The floating characteristics of the formulations which contained sodium bicarbonate (15%) alone were not satisfactory with both the two polymers and need to be improved. Increasing the strength of sodium bicarbonate from 15% to 20% has not much improved the floating characteristics. Addition of beeswax (15%) and ethyl cellulose (5%) has significantly enhanced the buoyancy of the tablets formulated with both the two polymers. Pioglitazone release from the floating tablets prepared was slow and spread over 24 h and depended on the polymer used and composition of the tablets. Drug release was diffusion controlled and followed zero order kinetics. Non-Fickian diffusion was the drug release mechanism from all the tablets formulated. Pioglitazone release from the tablets containing beeswax and ethyl cellulose along with the matrix forming polymers was slow and spread over more than 24 h. The T90 values were in the range 19 - 24 h with these tablets. These tablets exhibited a floating time of 44 h after a floating lag time in the range 2-6 min. Cross-linked starch-urea is found suitable as matrix former for floating tablets and is comparable to HPMC K15M, a widely used polymer for floating tablets and for controlled release. Source

Pindi P.K.,Palamuru University
Asian Journal of Microbiology, Biotechnology and Environmental Sciences | Year: 2011

Gliricidia is a small genus of trees and shrubs and native of tropical America. G. maculata is widely cultivated in the tropics as a shade and ornamental tree. Studies on influence of bioinoculants on growth of Gliricidia maculata tree species responded positively towards the different inoculations. However, the response varied with the type of bioinoculant. Dual inoculations of mycorrhizal fungi and Rhizobium have shown better results than the other types. Dual inoculation involving mycorrhizae and Azotobacter, Rhizobium and PSB performed better than single inoculations of mycorrhizae. A mixture of mycorrhizae appears to be better inoculum than the individual AM fungi. AM fungal species varied in their efficiency in supporting the seedling growth. They further suggested that mixed inoculum might be used more efficiently than single inoculum for field inoculations. © Global Science Publications. Source

Pindi P.K.,Palamuru University
Asian Journal of Microbiology, Biotechnology and Environmental Sciences | Year: 2011

S. grandiflora is a short-lived, quick-growing, soft wooded tree. It is grown for ornaments and is valued as food and also as a good fodder. Bark yields a good fibre and a gum and various parts have medicinal value. Variations in mycorrhizal colonization, nodulation and growth of Sesbania grandiflora tree species was investigated from ten social forestry nurseries. AM infection and number of resting spores varied with the type of soil. A direct correlation was observed between the phosphorus uptake with AM infection and nitrogen content with the number of root nodules. Sesbania grandiflora exhibited maximum colonization, spore population and nodulation in Gadwal nursery and minimum in Maktal. © Global Science Publications. Source

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