Palack University in Olomouc

Olomouc, Czech Republic

Palack University in Olomouc

Olomouc, Czech Republic
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Skalova D.,Palack University in Olomouc | Ondrej V.,Palack University in Olomouc | Dolealova I.,Palack University in Olomouc | Navratilova B.,Palack University in Olomouc | Lebeda A.,Palack University in Olomouc
Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology | Year: 2010

Prezygotic interspecific crossability barrier in the genus Cucumis is related to the ploidy level of the species (cucumber (C. sativus), x=7; muskmelon (C. melo) and wild Cucumis species, x=12). Polyploidization of maternal plants helps hybridization among other Cucumis species by overcoming prezygotic genetic barriers. The main objective of this paper is to compare the results of several methods supporting interspecific crosses in cucumber without and with polyploidization (comparison between diploid (2x) and mixoploid (2x/4x) cucumber maternal plants). Mixoploid plants were obtained after in vivo and in vitro polyploidization by colchicine and oryzalin. Ploidy level was estimated by flow cytometry. Embryo rescue, in vitro pollination, and isolation of mesophyll protoplast were tested and compared. Positive effect of polyploidization was observed during all experiments presented by higher regeneration capacity of cultivated mixoploid cucumber embryos, ovules, and protoplasts. Nevertheless, the hybrid character of putative hybrid accessions obtained after cross in vivo and in vitro pollination was not confirmed. © 2010 Dagmar Skálová et al.

Dobesova Z.,Palack University in Olomouc
2011 International Conference on Electrical and Control Engineering, ICECE 2011 - Proceedings | Year: 2011

Geographic information systems belong the group of applications that process spatial data. Some spatial analyses are operated repetitively in the same way for different area or district. Therefore it is useful when the data processing can be run automatically by program extension designed especially for batch data processing. ArcGIS software offers a possibility to design the steps of data processing by data flow diagram in the graphic editor ModelBuilder. In some cases the data flow diagram which is designed in ModelBuilder component is not sufficient for all require tasks. In such cases, it is possible to automatically convert data flow diagram into the Python language and supplement the program code with other program constructions and commands. Some practical examples are presented in this article. All Python scripts were developed as a part of several research projects at Department of Geinformatics at Palack University in the Czech Republic. This article is a sum of experience with scripting in Python for ArcGIS geoprocessor. © 2011 IEEE.

Louckova B.,Palack University in Olomouc
River Research and Applications | Year: 2012

Rivers with a natural flow regime strongly influence the dynamics of riparian plant communities through hydrological and geomorphological processes. In this study, associations between fluvial landforms and vegetation are investigated on three near-natural rivers in the Czech Republic a decade after a 500-year return period flood in July 1997. This extreme disturbance destroyed the anthropogenically modified river channels and created suitable conditions for a range of ecosystems with high diversity and ecological stability. Field surveys were conducted on fluvial landforms (bars, islands, banks, floodplains and terraces) along three 'renaturalized' rivers, where no technical modifications had subsequently been made to their channels outside urban areas and the floodplains had been left in a post-flood state. Vegetation species abundance and 13 environmental variables (topographical, hydrological and soil) were investigated in summer 2007, 10years after the extreme flood disturbance. The results suggest that the recently created fluvial geomorphic forms are key environmental determinants of riparian vegetation distribution patterns. A range of statistical analyses illustrate that some plant species show predictable patterns of occurrence that correspond with the fluvial forms, supporting a fourfold grouping of herbaceous and woody species and the identification of typical plant communities associated with gravel bars, islands, banks, floodplains and terraces. An investigation of the species richness found on different fluvial landforms showed that the highest number of species occurred on the floodplain and decreased gradually towards the channel bed and towards terraces. Investigation of existing conditions in reaches of rivers with natural dynamics of fluvial processes provides valuable information that can be used as an effective tool for planning restoration strategies and precise management. However, the most important finding of this study is the remarkable establishment of complex river corridor vegetation-landform associations within 10years of a 500-year flood that removed the heavily cultivated landscape that had existed before the event. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Chldkov K.,University of Amsterdam | Jon Podlipsk V.,Palack University in Olomouc
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America | Year: 2011

Naive listeners' perceptual assimilations of non-native vowels to first-language (L1) categories can predict difficulties in the acquisition of second-language vowel systems. This study demonstrates that listeners having two slightly different dialects as their L1s can differ in the perception of foreign vowels. Specifically, the study shows that Bohemian Czech and Moravian Czech listeners assimilate Dutch high front vowels differently to L1 categories. Consequently, the listeners are predicted to follow different paths in acquiring these Dutch vowels. These findings underscore the importance of carefully considering the specific dialect background of participants in foreign- and second-language speech perception studies. © 2011 Acoustical Society of America.

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