Pain Physiopathology and Therapy Center

Pavia, Italy

Pain Physiopathology and Therapy Center

Pavia, Italy
SEARCH FILTERS
Time filter
Source Type

Aloisi A.M.,Pain Physiopathology and Therapy Center | Aloisi A.M.,University of Siena | Buonocore M.,Pain Physiopathology and Therapy Center | Merlo L.,Pain Physiopathology and Therapy Center | And 6 more authors.
Psychoneuroendocrinology | Year: 2011

Opiates and/or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are among the most effective therapies for chronic pain, but their prolonged time of use can affect health conditions through physical and psychological side effects. They include the very common gastrointestinal effects and changes that can induce osteoporosis, depression, impaired cognition and a generally poor quality of life, which per se can induce and maintain a chronic painful condition. For this reason it is becoming imperative to expand our knowledge of the interaction of these substances with body functions apparently not directly involved in nociception and pain, such as neuroendocrine functions. The purpose of this study was to determine, in male and female patients suffering from chronic pain, the effect of conventional pain therapy (opiates, NSAIDs) on hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis function. This was assessed by measuring the blood levels of adrenal-related hormones (adrenocorticotrophin hormone, ACTH; cortisol; dehydroepiandrosterone, DHEA and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate, DHEAS). The second purpose of the study was to test the hypothesis that these hormones are associated with the psychological profile shown by the chronic pain patients. The results showed significant changes induced by pain therapy on the HPA axis: ACTH, cortisol, DHEA and DHEAS blood levels decreased in all subjects taking opiates or NSAIDs to treat pain. Moreover these changes showed significant correlations with psychological features of the subjects depending on age and sex. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.


PubMed | Pain Physiopathology and Therapy Center
Type: Evaluation Studies | Journal: Psychoneuroendocrinology | Year: 2011

Opiates and/or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are among the most effective therapies for chronic pain, but their prolonged time of use can affect health conditions through physical and psychological side effects. They include the very common gastrointestinal effects and changes that can induce osteoporosis, depression, impaired cognition and a generally poor quality of life, which per se can induce and maintain a chronic painful condition. For this reason it is becoming imperative to expand our knowledge of the interaction of these substances with body functions apparently not directly involved in nociception and pain, such as neuroendocrine functions. The purpose of this study was to determine, in male and female patients suffering from chronic pain, the effect of conventional pain therapy (opiates, NSAIDs) on hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis function. This was assessed by measuring the blood levels of adrenal-related hormones (adrenocorticotrophin hormone, ACTH; cortisol; dehydroepiandrosterone, DHEA and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate, DHEAS). The second purpose of the study was to test the hypothesis that these hormones are associated with the psychological profile shown by the chronic pain patients. The results showed significant changes induced by pain therapy on the HPA axis: ACTH, cortisol, DHEA and DHEAS blood levels decreased in all subjects taking opiates or NSAIDs to treat pain. Moreover these changes showed significant correlations with psychological features of the subjects depending on age and sex.

Loading Pain Physiopathology and Therapy Center collaborators
Loading Pain Physiopathology and Therapy Center collaborators