pain and palliative medicine

Nijmegen, Netherlands

pain and palliative medicine

Nijmegen, Netherlands
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Duenk R.G.,Pain and Palliative Medicine | Verhagen C.,Pain and Palliative Medicine | Dekhuijzen P.N.R.,Radboud University Nijmegen | Vissers K.C.P.,Pain and Palliative Medicine | And 2 more authors.
International Journal of COPD | Year: 2017

Introduction: Early palliative care is not a common practice for patients with COPD. Important barriers are the identification of patients for palliative care and the organization of such care in this patient group. Objective: Pulmonologists have a central role in providing good quality palliative care for patients with COPD. To guide future research and develop services, their view on palliative care for these patients was explored. Methods: A survey study was performed by the members of the Netherlands Association of Physicians for Lung Diseases and Tuberculosis. Results: The 256 respondents (31.8%) covered 85.9% of the hospital organizations in the Netherlands. Most pulmonologists (92.2%) indicated to distinguish a palliative phase in the COPD trajectory, but there was no consensus about the different criteria used for its identification. Aspects of palliative care in COPD considered important were advance care planning conversation (82%), communication between pulmonologist and general practitioner (77%), and identification of the palliative phase (75.8%), while the latter was considered the most important aspect for improvement (67.6%). Pulmonologists indicated to prefer organizing palliative care for hospitalized patients with COPD themselves (55.5%), while 30.9% indicated to prefer cooperation with a specialized palliative care team (SPCT). In the ambulatory setting, a multidisciplinary cooperation between pulmonologist, general practitioner, and a respiratory nurse specialist was preferred (71.1%). Conclusion: To encourage pulmonologists to timely initiate palliative care in COPD, we recommend to conduct further research into more specific identification criteria. Furthermore, pulmonologists should improve their skills of palliative care, and the members of the SPCT should be better informed about the management of COPD to improve care during hospitalization. Communication between pulmonologist and general practitioner should be emphasized in training to improve palliative care in the ambulatory setting. © 2017 Duenk et al.

Yarnitsky D.,Rambam Health Care Campus | Bouhassira D.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Drewes A.M.,University of Aalborg | Fillingim R.B.,University of Florida | And 13 more authors.
European Journal of Pain (United Kingdom) | Year: 2015

Protocols for testing conditioned pain modulation (CPM) vary between different labs/clinics. In order to promote research and clinical application of this tool, we summarize the recommendations of interested researchers consensus meeting regarding the practice of CPM and report of its results. © 2014 European Pain Federation-EFIC®.

Warmenhoven F.,Radboud University Nijmegen | Bor H.,Radboud University Nijmegen | Vissers K.,Pain and Palliative Medicine | Schers H.,Radboud University Nijmegen
British Journal of General Practice | Year: 2013

Background Depression is assumed to be common in chronically ill patients during their last phase of life and is associated with poorer outcomes. The prevalence of depression is widely varying in previous studies due to the use of different terminology, classification, and assessment methods. Aim To explore the reported incidence of depressive disorder, as registered in the last phase of life of patients who died from cardiovascular disease, cancer or COPD, in a sample of primary care patients. Design and setting A historic cohort study, using a 20-year period registration database of medical records in four Dutch general practices (a dynamic population based on the Continuous Morbidity Registration database). Method Medical history of the sample cohort was analysed for the diagnosis of a new episode of depressive disorder and descriptive statistics were used. Results In total 982 patients were included, and 19 patients (1.9%) were diagnosed with a new depressive disorder in the last year of their life. The lifetime prevalence of depressive disorder in this sample was 8.2%. Conclusion The incidence of depressive disorder in the last phase of life is remarkably low in this study. These data were derived from actual patient care in general practice. Psychiatric diagnoses were made by GPs in the context of both patient needs and delivered care. A broader concept of depression in general practice is recommended to improve the diagnosis and treatment of mood disorders in patients in the last phase of life. © British Journal of General Practice.

Sloot S.,UMCG | Sloot S.,Moffitt Cancer Center | Boland J.,University of Hull | Snowden J.A.,Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust | And 9 more authors.
Supportive Care in Cancer | Year: 2014

Background Pain is a common symptom in patients with multiple myeloma (MM). Many patients are dependent on analgesics and in particular opioids, but there is limited information on the impact of these drugs and their side effects on health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Method In a cross-sectional study, semi-structured interviews were performed in 21 patients attending the hospital with symptomatic MM on pain medications. HRQoL was measured using items 29 and 30 of the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QLQ-C30. Results Patients were able to recall a median of two (range 0-4) analgesics. They spontaneously identified a median of two (range 1-5) side effects attributable to their analgesic medications. Patients' assessment of HRQoL based on the EORTC QLQ-C30 questions 29/30 was mean 48.3 (95 % CI; 38.7-57.9) out of 100. Patients' assessment of their HRQoL in the hypothetical situation, in which they would not experience any side effects from analgesics, was significantly higher: 62.6 (53.5-71.7) (t test, p = 0.001). Conclusion This study provides, for the first time, evidence that side effects of analgesics are common in symptomatic MM and may result in a statistically and clinically significant reduction of self-reported HRQoL. © 2014 The Author(s).

Van Laarhoven A.I.M.,Medical and Neuropsychology Unit | Van Laarhoven A.I.M.,Leiden University | Ulrich D.J.O.,Reconstructive and Hand Surgery | Wilder-Smith O.H.,Pain and Palliative Medicine | And 6 more authors.
Acta Dermato-Venereologica | Year: 2016

A substantial proportion of patients with burn injury develop chronic itch, which can severely affect their quality of life. As found in research on chronic pain, different psychophysiological processes may also play a role in chronic itch, of which central sensitization, conditioned modulation, and attentional processes have been studied most frequently. This study aimed to explore psychophysiological processes of chronic post-burn itch by comparing 15 patients with long-term itch due to burn injury with 15 matched healthy controls. Exploratory results indicated tendencies for higher itch sensitivity in patients than in controls, for mechanical stimuli and histamine, but not for electrical stimulation. Results further suggest that the efficacy of itch modulation by an itch- or pain-conditioning stimulus or directing attention towards itch stimuli do not differ between these patients and controls. Further elucidation of the processes underlying post-burn itch may improve the early identification and treatment of burn patients developing chronic itch. © 2016 Acta Dermato-Venereologica.

Berzin T.M.,Pain and Palliative Medicine | Sanaka S.,Pain and Palliative Medicine | Barnett S.R.,Pain and Palliative Medicine | Sundar E.,Pain and Palliative Medicine | And 6 more authors.
Gastrointestinal Endoscopy | Year: 2011

Background: Despite the increasing use of anesthesiologist-administered sedation for monitored anesthesia care (MAC) or general anesthesia in patients undergoing ERCP, limited prospective data exist on the effectiveness, safety, and cost of this approach. Objective: To prospectively assess sedation-related adverse events (SRAEs), patient- and procedure-related risk factors associated with SRAEs, and endoscopist and patient satisfaction with anesthesiologist- administered sedation. Design: Single-center, prospective cohort study. Setting: Tertiary-care referral center. Patients: A total of 528 consecutive patients undergoing ERCP. Interventions: Anesthesiologist-administered MAC or general anesthesia. Main Outcome Measurements: SRAEs, endoscopist and patient satisfaction. Results: There were 120 intraprocedure SRAEs during 109 of the 528 ERCPs (21% of cases). Intraprocedure SRAEs included hypotension (38 events), arrhythmia (20 events), O2 desaturation to less than 85% (66 events), unplanned intubation (16 events), and procedure termination (1 event). Thirty postprocedure SRAEs occurred in a total of 22 patients (4% of cases), including hypotension (5 events), endotracheal intubation (2 events), and arrhythmia (12 events). Patient-related variables associated with adverse intraprocedure events were American Society of Anesthesiologists class (P = .004) and body mass index (kg/m2) (P = .02). On a 10-point scale, mean endoscopist satisfaction with sedation was 9.2 (standard deviation 1.8) and patient satisfaction with sedation was 9.9 (standard deviation 0.7). Limitations: The approach to sedation was not randomized. Conclusions: Higher American Society of Anesthesiologists class and body mass index are associated with an increased rate of cardiac and respiratory events during ERCP. Cardiac and respiratory events are generally minor, and MAC can be considered a safe option for most ERCP patients. Despite the frequency of minor sedation-related events, procedure interruption or premature termination was rare in the Setting: of anesthesiologist-administered sedation. © 2011 American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy.

Effendy C.,Gadjah Mada University | Effendy C.,Scientific Institute for Quality of Healthcare | Vernooij-Dassen M.,Scientific Institute for Quality of Healthcare | Vernooij-Dassen M.,Kalorama Foundation | And 5 more authors.
Psycho-Oncology | Year: 2015

Abstract Background Being involved in caring for family members during illness is part of the Indonesian culture, even during hospitalization. It is unknown which factors influence the quality of life (QoL) of family members taking care of their loved ones. The present study aims to identify factors influencing the QoL of family caregivers of hospitalized patients with cancer in Indonesia. Methods A cross-sectional survey was performed. Data were collected in a general hospital in Yogyakarta from September to December 2011. Family caregivers of patients with cancer were invited to participate. Regression analysis was used to determine which aspects of caring and which demographic characteristics influenced their QoL. The Caregiver QoL Index - Cancer questionnaire was used to measure the QoL. Results One hundred of 120 invited caregivers (83%) completed the questionnaire. Being involved in psychological issues in caring (β=0.374; p=0.000), younger age (β=-0.282; p=0.003), no previous caring experience (β=-0.301; p=0.001), and not being the spouse (β=-0.228; p=0.015) negatively influenced the QoL and explained 31% of the variation (adjusted R2=0.312; F=12.24; p=0.000). Gender, education level, and time spent on caring did not influence the QoL of family caregivers. Conclusions Our findings identified modifiable factors such as dealing with psychological issues and lack of experience in caring that negatively influenced the QoL of family caregivers. These factors are potential targets for intervention strategies. Education and intervention programs focusing on dealing with psychological problems in cancer care might improve the QoL of both patients and their families. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

De Goeij M.,Pain and Palliative Medicine | Van Eijk L.T.,RUNMC | Van Eijk L.T.,Nijmegen Institute for Infection | Vanelderen P.,Pain and Palliative Medicine | And 9 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

Background: Hyperalgesia is a well recognized hallmark of disease. Pro-inflammatory cytokines have been suggested to be mainly responsible, but human data are scarce. Changes in pain threshold during systemic inflammation evoked by human endotoxemia, were evaluated with three quantitative sensory testing methods. Methods and Results: Pressure pain thresholds, electrical pain thresholds and tolerance to the cold pressor test were measured before and 2 hours after the intravenous administration of 2 ng/kg purified E. coli endotoxin in 27 healthy volunteers. Another 20 subjects not exposed to endotoxemia served as controls. Endotoxemia led to a rise in body temperature and inflammatory symptom scores and a rise in plasma TNF-α, IL-6, IL-10 and IL-1RA. During endotoxemia, pressure pain thresholds and electrical pain thresholds were reduced with 20±4% and 13±3%, respectively. In controls only a minor decrease in pressure pain thresholds (7±3%) and no change in electrical pain thresholds occurred. Endotoxin-treated subjects experienced more pain during the cold pressor test, and fewer subjects were able to complete the cold pressor test measurement, while in controls the cold pressor test results were not altered. Peak levels and area under curves of each individual cytokine did not correlate to a change in pain threshold measured by one of the applied quantitative sensory testing techniques. Conclusions and Significance: In conclusion, this study shows that systemic inflammation elicited by the administration of endotoxin to humans, results in lowering of the pain threshold measured by 3 quantitative sensory testing techniques. The current work provides additional evidence that systemic inflammation is accompanied by changes in pain perception. © 2013 de Goeij et al.

PubMed | Pain and Palliative Medicine, 6 Prisma Foundation, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Netherlands Cancer Institute and 1 Intellectual Disabilities and Health
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of palliative medicine | Year: 2016

Insights into symptoms and interventions at the end of life are needed for providing adequate palliative care, but are largely lacking for people with intellectual disabilities (IDs).We aimed at determining the prevalence rates of physician-reported symptoms from the Edmonton Symptom Assessment System (ESAS) at the moment that physicians recognized patients death in the foreseeable future. In addition, we aimed at exploring provided interventions as reported by physicians in the period between physicians recognition of death in the foreseeable future and patients death.In this study, 81 physicians for people with IDs (ID-physicians) completed a retrospective survey about their last patient with IDs with a nonsudden death.On average, patients suffered from three of the eight ESAS symptoms. Fatigue (83%), drowsiness (65%), and decreasing intake (57%) were most reported. ID-physicians reported a median number of four interventions. Interventions were mostly aimed at somatic problems, such as pain and shortness of breath. Burdensome interventions such as surgery or artificial respiration were least or not reported. Palliative sedation was provided in a third of all cases.Although ID-physicians reported a variety of their patients symptoms and of provided interventions at the end of life, using adequate symptom assessment tools suitable for people with IDs and continuous multidisciplinary collaboration in palliative care are essential to capture symptoms as fully as possible.

PubMed | Pain and Palliative Medicine and Australian National University
Type: | Journal: BMJ supportive & palliative care | Year: 2016

To support general practitioners (GPs) in providing early palliative care to patients with cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or heart failure, the RADboud university medical centre indicators for PAlliative Care needs tool (RADPAC) and a training programme were developed to identify such patients and to facilitate anticipatory palliative care planning. We studied whether GPs, after 1year of training, identified more palliative patients, and provided multidimensional and multidisciplinary care more often than untrained GPs.We performed a survey 1year after GPs in the intervention group of an RCT were trained. With the help of a questionnaire, all 134 GPs were asked how many palliative patients they had identified, and whether anticipatory care was provided. We studied number of identified palliative patients, expected lifetime, contact frequency, whether multidimensional care was provided and which other disciplines were involved.Trained GPs identified more palliative patients than did untrained GPs (median 3 vs 2; p 0.046) and more often provided multidimensional palliative care (p 0.024). In both groups, most identified patients had cancer.RADPAC sensitises GPs in the identification of palliative patients. Trained GPs more often provided multidimensional palliative care. Further adaptation and evaluation of the tools and training are necessary to improve early palliative care for patients with organ failure.NTR2815; post results.

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