Paediatric Rheumatology

Bordeaux, France

Paediatric Rheumatology

Bordeaux, France

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Hofer M.,University of Lausanne | Pillet P.,Paediatric Rheumatology | Cochard M.,University of Lausanne | Berg S.,Gothenburg University | And 12 more authors.
Rheumatology (United Kingdom) | Year: 2014

Objectives: The aims of this study were to describe the clinical features of periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and cervical adenitis (PFAPA) and identify distinct phenotypes in a large cohort of patients from different countries. Methods: We established a web-based multicentre cohort through an international collaboration within the periodic fevers working party of the Pediatric Rheumatology European Society (PReS). The inclusion criterion was a diagnosis of PFAPA given by an experienced paediatric rheumatologist participating in an international working group on periodic fever syndromes. Results: Of the 301 patients included from the 15 centres, 271 had pharyngitis, 236 cervical adenitis, 171 oral aphthosis and 132 with all three clinical features. A total of 228 patients presented with additional symptoms (131 gastrointestinal symptoms, 86 arthralgias and/or myalgias, 36 skin rashes, 8 neurological symptoms). Thirty-one patients had disease onset after 5 years and they reported more additional symptoms. A positive family history for recurrent fever or recurrent tonsillitis was found in 81 patients (26.9%). Genetic testing for monogenic periodic fever syndromes was performed on 111 patients, who reported fewer occurrences of oral aphthosis or additional symptoms. Twenty-four patients reported symptoms (oral aphthosis and malaise) outside the flares. The CRP was >50 mg/l in the majority (131/190) of the patients tested during the fever. Conclusion: We describe the largest cohort of PFAPA patients presented so far. We confirm that PFAPA may present with varied clinical manifestations and we show the limitations of the commonly used diagnostic criteria. Based on detailed analysis of this cohort, a consensus definition of PFAPA with better-defined criteria should be proposed. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Society for Rheumatology. All rights reserved.


Levy R.,Paediatric Rheumatology | Gerard L.,Hopital Saint Louis | Kuemmerle-Deschner J.,University of Tübingen | Lachmann H.J.,University College London | And 21 more authors.
Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases | Year: 2014

Objective To evaluate genetic, demographic and clinical features in patients with cryopyrin-associated periodic syndrome (CAPS) from the Eurofever Registry, with a focus on genotype-phenotype correlations and predictive disease severity markers. Methods A web-based registry retrospectively collected data on patients with CAPS. Experts in the disease independently validated all cases. Patients carrying NLRP3 variants and germline-mutation-negative patients were included. Results 136 patients were analysed. The median age at disease onset was 9 months, and the median duration of follow-up was 15 years. Skin rash, musculoskeletal involvement and fever were the most prevalent features. Neurological involvement (including severe complications) was noted in 40% and 12% of the patients, respectively, with ophthalmological involvement in 71%, and neurosensory hearing loss in 42%. 133 patients carried a heterozygous, germline mutation, and 3 patients were mutation-negative (despite complete NLRP3 gene screening). Thirty-one different NLRP3 mutations were recorded; 7 accounted for 78% of the patients, whereas 24 rare variants were found in 27 cases. The latter were significantly associated with early disease onset, neurological complications (including severe complications) and severe musculoskeletal involvement. The T348M variant was associated with early disease onset, chronic course and hearing loss. Neurological involvement was less strongly associated with V198M, E311 K and A439 V alleles. Early onset was predictive of severe neurological complications and hearing loss. Conclusions Patients carrying rare NLRP3 variants are at risk of severe CAPS; onset before the age of 6 months is associated with more severe neurological involvement and hearing loss. These findings may have an impact on treatment decisions.


PubMed | Paediatric Rheumatology
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Rheumatology (Oxford, England) | Year: 2014

The aim of this study was to investigate the current use of musculoskeletal US (MSUS) and the most relevant areas of interest for this imaging modality in paediatric rheumatology.A questionnaire was developed by the paediatric subgroup of the OMERACT US task force and e-mailed to the members of the main international paediatric rheumatology networks and societies. Responses were entered in an electronic database. Results were analysed quantitatively or summarized qualitatively in the case of open questions.The overall response rate was 36% (262/719). The use of MSUS varied among members of the various networks/societies. MSUS was considered of high relevance for improvement of diagnostic skills, for the guidance of joint injections and for the assessment of specific joints, namely the hip, ankle, midfoot and wrist. It was considered useful for early detection of synovitis and in determining disease activity and disease remission.Although at present MSUS is not widely used by paediatric rheumatologists, there is considerable interest in this imaging technology among members of the international networks. The results of this survey suggest that the next objective in the research agenda should be the standardization of the assessment of joints in healthy children. This will then help differentiate pathological (i.e. synovitic) joints from normal joints. The initial target joints should be the hip, ankle, midfoot and wrist. MSUS training focused on the assessment of paediatric patients might be very important in implementing the use of this technique in clinical practice and research.

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