Paediatric HIV and Infectious Disease Unit

Nigeria

Paediatric HIV and Infectious Disease Unit

Nigeria
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Chamla D.,Health Section | Asadu C.,Federal Ministry of Health | Adejuyigbe E.,Obafemi Awolowo University | Davies A.,UNICEF | And 12 more authors.
AIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV | Year: 2016

Caregiver satisfaction has the potential to promote equity for children living with HIV, by influencing health-seeking behaviour. We measured dimensions of caregiver satisfaction with paediatric HIV treatment in Nigeria, and discuss its implications for equity by conducting facility-based exit interviews for caregivers of children receiving antiretroviral therapy in 20 purposively selected facilities within 5 geopolitical zones. Descriptive analysis and factor analysis were performed. Due to the hierarchical nature of the data, multilevel regression modelling was performed to investigate relationships between satisfaction factors and socio-demographic variables. Of 1550 caregivers interviewed, 63% (95% CI: 60.6–65.4) reported being very satisfied overall; however, satisfaction varied in some dimensions: only 55.6% (53.1–58.1) of caregivers could talk privately with health workers, 56.9% (54.4–59.3) reported that queues to see health workers were too long, and 89.9% (88.4–91.4) said that some health workers did not treat patients living with HIV with sufficient respect. Based on factor analysis, two underlying factors, labelled Availability and Attitude, were identified. In multilevel regression, the satisfaction with availability of services correlated with formal employment status (p <.01), whereas caregivers receiving care in private facilities were less likely satisfied with both availability (p <.01) and attitude of health workers (p <.05). State and facility levels influenced attitudes of the health workers (p <.01), but not availability of services. We conclude that high levels of overall satisfaction among caregivers masked dissatisfaction with some aspects of services. The two underlying satisfaction factors are part of access typology critical for closing equity gaps in access to HIV treatment between adults and children, and across socio-economic groups. © 2016 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

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