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Tacoma, WA, United States

Pacific Lutheran University is a private university offering liberal arts and professional school programs located in Parkland, a suburb of Tacoma, Washington, United States. Founded by Norwegian Lutheran pioneers in 1890, PLU is sponsored by the 580 congregations of Region I of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America. PLU has approximately 3,300 students enrolled. As of 2014, the school employs 246 full-time professors on the 156-acre woodland campus. PLU consists of the College of Arts and science , the School of Arts and Communication, the School of Business, the School of Education and Movement Studies, and the School of Nursing. Wikipedia.


Menzel P.T.,Pacific Lutheran University
Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics | Year: 2011

Low opportunity cost, weak influence of quality of life in the face of death, the social value of life extension to others, shifting psychological reference points, and hope have been proposed as factors to explain why people apparently perceive marginal life extension at the end of life to have disproportionately greater value than its length. Such value may help to explain why medical spending to extend life at the end of life is as high as it is, and the various factors behind this value might provide normative rationale for that spending. Upon critical analysis, however, most of these factors turn out to be questionable or incompletely conceived; this includes hope, which is examined here in special detail. These factors help to explain complexity and nuance in the normative issues, but they do not provide adequate justification for spending as high as it often is. In any case, two additional factors must be added to the descriptive explanation of high spending, and they throw its normative justification into further doubt: the "insurance effect" and provider-created demand. Overall, the perception of especially high value of life at the end of life provides some normative justification for high spending, but seldom strong justification, and not for spending as high as it often is. © 2011 American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics, Inc. Source


Davis P.B.,Pacific Lutheran University
Tectonics | Year: 2011

The Sivrihisar massif of the Tavanl Zone of Turkey is 1 of less than 10 known lawsonite eclogite localities worldwide. Rocks of the Sivrihisar massif consist of eclogite and blueschist in contact with metasedimentary host rocks and record decreasing maximum pressure conditions across three WNW-ESE striking belts from 16-24 kbar in the northern Halilba belt to 14-16 kbar in the Karacaren belt and 8-10 kbar in the Kertek belt. Where present, sodic-amphibole, phengite, chlorite, and quartz define a pervasive S0/S1 foliation; garnet, omphacite, and lawsonite define stretching lineations and kinematic indicators. D1 and D2 structures are similar in the Halilba and Karacaren belts but differ to those in the Kertek belt. D 3 structures are uniform across the massif including fibrous calcite that occurs parallel to F3 fold axes. Shear sense indicators from field observations and asymmetric type-I cross girdle of quartz c axes obtained from electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) show top to the south thrusting throughout much of the massif. D1 and D2 structures are interpreted to have formed during exhumation by extrusion along a ∼5°C/km gradient. The Halilba and Karacaren belts were juxtaposed possibly as deep as 45 km within the subduction channel and exhumed by the arrival of the Anatolide microcontinent at approximately 70 Ma. Homogeneity of F3 axes and calcite fibers across the massif suggests that assembly occurred at blueschist conditions before exhumation through the aragonite-calcite transition (∼350C) above 8 kbar. Copyright 2011 by the American Geophysical Union. Source


Purbaugh T.,Pacific Lutheran University
Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing | Year: 2014

The phenomenon known as alarm fatigue is the direct result of excessive alarms in hospitals. This article highlights the effects of alarm fatigue and reviews current clinical recommendations and guidelines to raise nurse awareness and provide tools to combat the problem. Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health. Source


Tang K.-T.,Pacific Lutheran University | Toennies J.P.,Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization
Angewandte Chemie - International Edition | Year: 2010

Evergreen: The work of Johannes Diderik van der Waals continues to have an impact in the sciences even 100 years after he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for "his work on the equation of state for gases and liquids". His name is associated with many modern physical concepts in the molecular sciences, as the adjecent plot, referring to articles in which "van der Waals" is mentioned in the title, abstract, or keywords shows. Copyright © 2010 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. Source


Moon C.,Pacific Lutheran University
Clinics in Perinatology | Year: 2011

Auditory perception and learning take place during the third trimester of gestation. Fetuses and newborns who lack typical auditory experience can go on to develop typical socioemotional attachment and language, given a supportive environment. For hospitalized preterm infants in developmentally sensitive neonatal intensive care units, detrimental effects of deviant early auditory experience may be remediated by later experience, but much is unknown about the causes of language deficits of prematurity. Prenatal auditory stimulation programs that incorporate audio speakers against the maternal belly should be discouraged because of possible overstimulation effects on the developing auditory system and sleep/wake state organization. © 2011 Elsevier Inc. Source

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