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Dhakar N.,Darshan Dental College and Hospital | Saawarn S.,Peoples Dental Academy | Madhusudan A.S.,Pacific Dental College & Hospital
Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology

Background and objectives: The dentition is considered as a useful adjunct in skeletal sex determination, particularly since teeth are resistant to postmortem destruction and fragmentation. Sex dimorphism in tooth size and the accuracy of odontometric sex prediction, is found to vary in different regions. Therefore this study was aimed at assessing the sexual dimorphism in human permanent mandibular canines and its inter-comparison in different ethnic groups, which will ultimately help in sex determination of human remains using teeth in cases of forensic importance. Materials and methods: Mandibular casts of dentition of 25 males and 25 females each from Rajasthan, Gujarat and Karnataka population were studied. Right and left buccolingual and mesiodistal canine width and intercanine distance were measured, canine index calculated and the data was statistically analysed. Results: The mean values of right and left canine index were significantly higher in males compared to females in all the three population groups. Also sex could be predicted correctly by using standard mandibular canine index in 78%, 76% and 82% of Rajasthan, Gujarat and Karnataka populations respectively. Conclusion: The mandibular canine index is a quick and easy method for determining sex and can prove to be a useful tool in forensic odontology. Source

AIM: The aim of the study was to assess and compare the Oral health knowledge, attitude and behaviour of the non-medical, para-medical and medical students. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, a total of 825 students (males - 577, females - 248) of six different professions belonging to non-medical, para-medical and medical categories were surveyed using a self-administered, structured questionnaire pretested through a pilot survey. The mean percentage scores, standard deviation and frequency distribution were calculated. The Student's t-test, anova test, Scheffe's test and chi-squared test were used as test of significance. The linear regression analysis was used to assess the relation of behaviour with knowledge and attitude. RESULTS: The knowledge scores were significantly higher for the medical students compared with those of non-medical students. The attitude scores were significantly lower for the non-medical category compared with the other two categories and the scores were the highest among the para-medical students. The behaviour scores were significantly lower for the non-medical students than for the para-medical and the medical categories. All the scores were significantly higher for females than for the males. Regression analysis showed a linear relationship of behaviour with the attitude, but no significant linear relation with the knowledge. CONCLUSION: All the students showed low level of knowledge and the preventive behaviour among the students could still be improved. The results indicate that the knowledge was not enough to influence the oral health behaviour, but behaviour showed linear relationship with attitude of the students. Source

Asawa K.,Pacific Dental College & Hospital | Chaturvedi P.,Pacific Dental College & Hospital | Tak M.,Pacific Dental College & Hospital | Nagarajappa R.,Rama Dental College and Hospital | And 4 more authors.
Ethiopian journal of health sciences

BACKGROUND: There are several factors which influence oral hygiene behavior of an individual. Educational achievements, career aspirations and achievement motives of individuals are some of those factors. The objective of this study was to investigate whether educational achievements, career aspirations and achievement motives have associations with oral hygiene behavior among dental students of Udaipur, India.METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among all (n=200) 1st year dental students from all dental colleges of Udaipur City, India. Self-administered structured questions were used to assess their educational achievements, career aspirations and oral hygiene behavior (OHB). Achievement motives were assessed using Achievement Motive Scale developed by Lang and Fries (2006). Chi-square test and multivariate logistic regression tests were used in data analysis. Confidence level and level of significance were set at 95% and 5% respectively.RESULTS: Students with better educational achievements undergone regular dental check-up (30.48%) (p=0.03) and used other oral hygiene aids (90.24%) (p=0.01). Tooth brushing frequency, time and replacement time of tooth brush were found to be significantly associated with career aspiration (p=0.007; p=0.002; p=0.00 respectively). Achievement motives did not have statistically significant association with oral hygiene behavior.CONCLUSION: Educational achievements and career aspirations appear to be associated with oral hygiene behavior of young dental students. Students with higher career aspirations practiced better oral hygiene behavior. There was no significant relationship between achievement motives and oral hygiene behavior. Source

Astekar M.,Pacific Dental College & Hospital
BMJ case reports

Odontomas and dentigerous cysts are common findings for practicing dental professionals. However, simultaneous occurrence of pathologies like odontoma and dentigerous cyst are uncommon and their diagnosis based on the radiographic appearance alone is a challenge to overcome. They together are a potential for complications like attaining large size, root resorption, destruction of the jaw bones and sometimes neoplastic changes like ameloblastoma. This paper presents a case of complex odontoma associated with dentigerous cyst in relation to a retained deciduous tooth in the maxillary anterior region and confirming its diagnosis histopathologically. Source

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