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PubMed | Manipal Medical College, Senior Lecturer, Pacific Dental College & Hospital and Pacific Dental College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR | Year: 2015

Tooth discolouration is a common problem and affects people of all ages. Apart from the conventional treatment modalities for the same, newer options are available today with better techniques and materials. The present case report describes a 17-year-old girl who had stained and pitted teeth, attributable to dental fluorosis and she desired aesthetic treatment for the same. The pros and cons of all treatment options were carefully weighed and a multistep treatment process involving ceramic veneers and direct bonding were planned. The execution of the planned treatment yielded a good aesthetic and functional outcome.


PubMed | Atlanta, AECS Maaruti Dental College, Pacific Dental College & Hospital and Taif University
Type: | Journal: BMJ case reports | Year: 2016

Necrotising sialometaplasia is a benign, necrotising, self-healing inflammatory condition categorised as idiopathic disease of salivary glands. This condition holds diagnostic importance because of its clinical and histopathological presentation, which is ambiguous, and can be misdiagnosed as carcinoma particularly squamous cell carcinoma or mucoepidermoid carcinoma. This report describes a case of bilateral necrotising sialometaplasia occurring in a 38-year-old male patient.


PubMed | Pacific Dental College and Hospital, Vyas Dental College and Hospital and Pacific Dental College & Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR | Year: 2014

The aim of this study was to compare frictional resistance which was produced between conventional brackets (0.022 slot Otho-Organiser) and self ligating brackets (active Forestadent and passive Damon III) by using various arch wire combinations (0.016 Niti, 0.018 Niti, 0.017 x 0.025 SS and 0.019 x 0.025 SS).An experimental model which consisted of 5 aligned stainless steel 0.022-in brackets was used to assess frictional forces which were produced by SLBs (self ligating brackets) and CELs (conventional elastomeric ligatures) with use of 0.016 nickel titanium, 0.018 nickel titanium, 0.017 X 0.025stainless steel and 0.019 X 0.025stainless steel wires.One way ANOVA test was used to study the effect of the bracket type, wire alloy and section on frictional resistance test .Conventional brackets produced highest levels of friction for all bracket/archwire combinations. Both Damon III and Forestadent brackets were found to produce significantly lower levels of friction when they were compared with elastomerically tied conventional brackets.SLBs are valid alternatives for low friction during sliding mechanics.


PubMed | K M Shah Dental College & Hospital, Institute of Dental science and Pacific Dental College & Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR | Year: 2014

Peripheral facial nerve palsy is the commonest cranial nerve motor neuropathy. The causes range from cerebrovascular accident to iatrogenic damage, but there are few reports of facial nerve paralysis attributable to odontogenic infections. In majority of the cases, recovery of facial muscle function begins within first three weeks after onset. This article reports a unique case of 32-year-old male patient who developed facial pain followed by unilateral facial nerve paralysis due to odontogenic infection. The treatment included extraction of the associated tooth followed by endodontic treatment of the neighboring tooth which resulted in recovery of facial nerve plasy. A thorough medical history and physical examination are the first steps in making any diagnosis. It is essential to rule out other causes of facial paralysis before making the definitive diagnosis, which implies the intervention. The authors hereby, report a case of 32-year-old male patient who developed unilateral facial nerve paralysis due to odontogenic infection with a good prognosis after appropriate treatment.


PubMed | Dr D Y Patil Dental College And Hospital and Pacific Dental College & Hospital
Type: | Journal: Forensic science international | Year: 2016

Studies testing the Willems method of age estimation with gender-specific scores on different population groups have reported consistently more accurate results over other methods. Not enough is known about the validity of Willems non-gender specific scores.The present study aimed to compare the accuracy of the Willems I (gender-specific scores) and Willems II methods (non-gender-specific scores) in the age estimation of 5-15 year-old Indian children.In this cross-sectional observational study, the Willems I and II methods were tested and compared for accuracy in estimating the age of 1200 Indian children aged 5-15 years.The mean differences between dental age calculated by the Willems I method and chronological age were +0.090.80 years, +0.080.80 years and +0.090.80 years for boys, girls and the total sample, respectively. With the Willems II method, the values were -0.060.80 years, +0.110.79 years and +0.010.80 years for boys, girls and the total sample, respectively. Both methods did not show any statistically significant differences between dental and chronological ages for either gender or the total sample (p>0.05).The Willems I method was more accurate in predicting age of boys, while the Willems II method was more accurate in girls in the present study, but not significantly so. Both methods are appropriate for use in this population.


Astekar M.,Pacific Dental College & Hospital
BMJ case reports | Year: 2014

Odontomas and dentigerous cysts are common findings for practicing dental professionals. However, simultaneous occurrence of pathologies like odontoma and dentigerous cyst are uncommon and their diagnosis based on the radiographic appearance alone is a challenge to overcome. They together are a potential for complications like attaining large size, root resorption, destruction of the jaw bones and sometimes neoplastic changes like ameloblastoma. This paper presents a case of complex odontoma associated with dentigerous cyst in relation to a retained deciduous tooth in the maxillary anterior region and confirming its diagnosis histopathologically.


AIM: The aim of the study was to assess and compare the Oral health knowledge, attitude and behaviour of the non-medical, para-medical and medical students. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, a total of 825 students (males - 577, females - 248) of six different professions belonging to non-medical, para-medical and medical categories were surveyed using a self-administered, structured questionnaire pretested through a pilot survey. The mean percentage scores, standard deviation and frequency distribution were calculated. The Student's t-test, anova test, Scheffe's test and chi-squared test were used as test of significance. The linear regression analysis was used to assess the relation of behaviour with knowledge and attitude. RESULTS: The knowledge scores were significantly higher for the medical students compared with those of non-medical students. The attitude scores were significantly lower for the non-medical category compared with the other two categories and the scores were the highest among the para-medical students. The behaviour scores were significantly lower for the non-medical students than for the para-medical and the medical categories. All the scores were significantly higher for females than for the males. Regression analysis showed a linear relationship of behaviour with the attitude, but no significant linear relation with the knowledge. CONCLUSION: All the students showed low level of knowledge and the preventive behaviour among the students could still be improved. The results indicate that the knowledge was not enough to influence the oral health behaviour, but behaviour showed linear relationship with attitude of the students.


PubMed | Pacific Dental College & Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: European journal of dentistry | Year: 2012

The present study aimed to study the occlusion characteristics of the primary dentition in a group of 3-5 year-old Indian children and the differences with age in the same group.The study was a cross-sectional survey based on examination of the primary dentition of 200 preschool children aged 3-5 years who were selected from nursery schools in Udaipur, India, using a stratified random sampling technique. The study group was assessed for the several occlusal parameters, which included primary molar and canine relationship, degree of overjet and overbite, anterior and posterior crossbite, and the presence or absence of physiologic spaces and crowding.Flush terminal plane was more common at 3-4 years of age, mesial step at 4-5 years, and class I canine relationship in both age groups. The prevalence of overjet less than 1 mm and overjet exceeding 1 mm was almost comparable in both groups. Overbite with less than 30% overlap was most frequently observed in both age groups, with 30-60% overlap following closely behind. Physiologic and primate spacing were observed in less than half of the children examined, while a small percentage displayed the presence of either single-segment or two-segment crowding.The present study provided insight into the state of dentition, occlusal pattern, spacing, and crowding in the primary dentition of Indian children of Udaipur.


PubMed | Pacific Dental College & Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR | Year: 2015

Glass factory workers are often exposed to the hazardous environment that leads to deleterious oral health and subsequently, general health. We planned to determine the effects of the particulates present in the milieu on the tooth wear among workers.To assess tooth wear among glass factory workers in Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.A descriptive cross-sectional survey was conducted among 936 glass workers in Jaipur, Rajasthan, India from January-June 2014.A survey proforma was designed for tooth wear evaluation with the help of WHO Oral Health Assessment form 2013 (for adults). Information regarding oral health practices, adverse habits and dietary habits, demographic details was gathered and clinical parameters were recorded.The Chi-square test, t-test, One-way Analysis of Variance and a Stepwise multiple linear regression analysis.The most prevalent form of erosion was enamel erosion (589, 62.93%) with few subjects of deeper dentinal erosion and the difference was statistically significant (p=0.001). Dental erosion was found to be higher among males compared to females. Years of experience and educational status were identified as best predictors for dental erosion.It was concluded that there was considerable evidence of dental erosion found among the factory workers. Due to ignorance on social, cultural and health aspects, professional approach with regular dental care services for detection of early symptoms and planning of preventive strategies is warranted.


PubMed | Rama Dental College and Hospital and Pacific Dental College & Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Ethiopian journal of health sciences | Year: 2014

There are several factors which influence oral hygiene behavior of an individual. Educational achievements, career aspirations and achievement motives of individuals are some of those factors. The objective of this study was to investigate whether educational achievements, career aspirations and achievement motives have associations with oral hygiene behavior among dental students of Udaipur, India.A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among all (n=200) 1st year dental students from all dental colleges of Udaipur City, India. Self-administered structured questions were used to assess their educational achievements, career aspirations and oral hygiene behavior (OHB). Achievement motives were assessed using Achievement Motive Scale developed by Lang and Fries (2006). Chi-square test and multivariate logistic regression tests were used in data analysis. Confidence level and level of significance were set at 95% and 5% respectively.Students with better educational achievements undergone regular dental check-up (30.48%) (p=0.03) and used other oral hygiene aids (90.24%) (p=0.01). Tooth brushing frequency, time and replacement time of tooth brush were found to be significantly associated with career aspiration (p=0.007; p=0.002; p=0.00 respectively). Achievement motives did not have statistically significant association with oral hygiene behavior.Educational achievements and career aspirations appear to be associated with oral hygiene behavior of young dental students. Students with higher career aspirations practiced better oral hygiene behavior. There was no significant relationship between achievement motives and oral hygiene behavior.

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