Pachaiyappas College for Men

Kānchipuram, India

Pachaiyappas College for Men

Kānchipuram, India

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Kumaresan V.,SRM University | Harikrishnan R.,Pachaiyappas College for Men | Arockiaraj J.,SRM University
Fish and Shellfish Immunology | Year: 2015

Kazal-type serine protease inhibitor (KSPI) is a pancreatic secretary trypsin inhibitor which involves in various cellular component regulations including development and defense process. In this study, we have characterized a KSPI cDNA sequence of freshwater striped murrel fish Channa striatus (Cs) at molecular level. Cellular location analysis predicted that the CsKSPI was an extracellular protein. The domain analysis showed that the CsKSPI contains a Kazal domain at 47-103 along with its family signature between 61 and 83. Phylogenetically, CsKSPI is closely related to KSPI from Maylandia zebra and formed a sister group with mammals. The 2D structure of CsKSPI showed three α-helical regions which are connected with random coils, one helix at signal sequence and two at the Kazal domain region. The relative gene expression showed that the CsKSPI was highly expressed in gills and its expression was induced upon fungus (Aphanomyces invadans), bacteria (Aeromonas hydrophila) and poly I:C (a viral analogue) challenge. The CsKSPI recombinant protein was produced to characterize and study the CsKSPI gene specific functions. The recombinant CsKSPI strongly inhibited trypsin compared to other tested proteases. The results of the kinetic activity of CsKSPI against trypsin was Vmaxs = 1.62 nmol/min, KMs = 0.21 mM and Kis = 15.37 nM. Moreover, the recombinant CsKSPI inhibited the growth of Gram-negative bacteria A. hydrophila at 20 μM and Gram-positive bacteria Bacillus subtilis at the MIC50 of 15 μM. Overall, the study indicated that the CsKSPI was a potential trypsin inhibitor which involves in antimicrobial activity. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.


Kumaresan V.,SRM University | Gnanam A.J.,University of Texas at Austin | Pasupuleti M.,CSIR - Central Electrochemical Research Institute | Arasu M.V.,King Saud University | And 3 more authors.
Gene | Year: 2015

Cu/ZnSOD (copper/zinc superoxide dismutase) primarily scavenges cytosolic reactive oxygen species (ROS) by converting ROS to hydrogen peroxide, which is then converted to water by the catalytic action of catalase, thus playing a pivotal role in the first line of defense mechanism against oxidative stress. In this study, we have reported a complete molecular characterization of cDNA sequence from striped murrel Channa striatus (. Cs). Cellular location prediction reveals that CsCu/ZnSOD protein is cytosolic with an accuracy of 90%. Phylogenetic analysis showed that CsCu/ZnSOD belongs to SOD1 group and it shared a common clad with Asian seabass Lates calcarifer and then with other fishes. The highest CsCu/ZnSOD gene expression, SOD enzyme activity and total protein concentration were observed in the liver and its regulation was studied upon fungus (. Aphanomyces invadans) and bacterial (. Aeromonas hydrophila) challenges. Based on the results obtained from the above analysis, we concluded a correlation of gene expression-enzyme activity-protein concentration. Overall, the findings demonstrated that the CsCu/ZnSOD plays a critical role in the antioxidant system especially in the liver during oxidative stress caused by fungus and bacteria. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.


Selvaraj V.,Tamil University | Rajendran V.,Pachaiyappas College for Men
Ultrasonics Sonochemistry | Year: 2014

In the present study, kinetics of synthesis of 2,2-di(prop-2-ynyl)-1H- indene-1,3(2H)-dione was successfully carried out by propargylation of indene-1,3-dione with propargyl bromide using aqueous potassium hydroxide and catalyzed by a newly synthesized phase-transfer catalyst viz., N-benzyl-N-ethyl-N-isopropylpropan-2-ammonium bromide, PTC under ultrasonic (40 kHz, 300 W) assisted organic solvent condition. The pseudo first-order kinetic equation was applied to describe the overall reaction. Under ultrasound irradiation (40 kHz, 300 W) in a batch reactor, it shows that the overall reaction rate can be greatly enhanced with ultrasound irradiation than without ultrasound. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Selvaraj V.,Tamil University | Rajendran V.,Pachaiyappas College for Men
Ultrasonics Sonochemistry | Year: 2014

In this work, the nitroarylation of imidazole catalyzed by a new novel dual-site phase-transfer catalyst was carried out in an alkaline solution/imidazole in chlorobenzene two-phase medium with ultrasonic irradiation (40 kHz, 300 W). This new synthesized phase-transfer catalyst, N 1,N6-diethyl-N1,N1,N 6,N6-tetraisopropylhexane-1,6-diaminium dichloride (MPTC), which possesses two-site activity, was obtained from the reaction of 1,6-dichlorohexane and N-ethyl-N-isopropylpropane-2-amine. The reaction of imidazole and alkali was carried out at the interface to generate sodium imidazole anion which can further react with MPTC form quaternary ammonium imidazole anion along with ultrasonic irradiation (40 kHz, 300 W). This ion-pair further react with 1-chloro-4-nitrobenzene which is present in the organic phase to produce 1-(4-nitropheny) imidazole. The reaction follows a pseudo first-order rate law. Kinetics of the reactions such as effect of the catalysts, ultrasonic effect, agitation speed, temperature, alkaline concentration, amount of 4-nitrochlorobenzene and the solvent effect on the reaction rate were investigated in detail. Peculiar phenomenon for the dependence of the reaction rate on the amount of MPTC and ultrasonication are explained satisfactorily. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Harikumar K.,Tamil University | Rajendran V.,Pachaiyappas College for Men
Ultrasonics Sonochemistry | Year: 2014

In the present research work deals with the preparation of 1-butoxy-4-nitrobenzene was successfully carried out by 4-nitrophenol with n-butyl bromide using aqueous potassium carbonate and catalyzed by a new multi-site phase-transfer catalyst (MPTC) viz., N1,N 4-diethyl-N1,N1,N4,N 4-tetraisopropylbutane-1,4-diammonium dibromide, under ultrasonic (40 kHz, 300 W) assisted organic solvent condition. The pseudo first-order kinetic equation was applied to describe the overall reaction. Under ultrasound irradiation (40 kHz, 300 W) in a batch reactor, it shows that the overall reaction greatly enhanced with ultrasound irradiation than without ultrasound. The present study provides a method to synthesize nitro aromatic ethers by ultrasound assisted liquid-liquid multi-site phase-transfer catalysis condition. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Sankar K.,Tamil University | Rajendran V.,Pachaiyappas College for Men
Ultrasonics Sonochemistry | Year: 2013

The kinetics of multi-site phase-transfer catalyzed free radical polymerisation of ethyl methacrylate (EMA) using potassium peroxy disulphate (PDS) as a water soluble initiator and newly synthesized 1,4- dihexadecylpyrazine-1,4-diium dibromide as multi-site phase-transfer catalyst (MPTC) has been investigated in ethyl acetate/water two phase system at constant temperature 55 ± 1 °C under nitrogen atmosphere and ultrasound irradiation conditions. The rate of polymerization increases with an increase in concentrations of EMA, PDS and MPTC. The order with respect to monomer, initiator and MPTC were found to be 1.03, 0.52 and 0.53, respectively. Based on the observed results a suitable mechanism has been proposed to account for the experimental observations and its significance was discussed. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Loganathan S.,Tamil University | Rajendran V.,Pachaiyappas College for Men
Ultrasonics Sonochemistry | Year: 2013

The kinetics of phase-transfer catalyzed radical polymerization of N-vinyl imidazole (NVI) using potassium peroxy disulfate (PDS) as water soluble initiator and tetraoctylammonium chloride (TOAC) as PTC has been investigated in ethyl acetate/water two phase system assisted by ultrasound irradiation at constant temperature 60 + 1°C under nitrogen atmosphere. and. The rate of polymerization increases with an increase in concentrations of NVI, PTC and PDS. The order with respect to [NVI], [PTC], and [PDS] were found to be 1.01, 1.03 and 0.52 respectively. Based on the observed results a suitable mechanism has been proposed to account for the experimental observations followed by a discussion on its significance. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Selvaraj V.,Tamil University | Rajendran V.,Pachaiyappas College for Men
Ultrasonics Sonochemistry | Year: 2013

In the present work, kinetics of synthesis of 1,3-bis(allyloxy)benzene was successfully carried out by O-allylation of resorcinol with allyl bromide using aqueous potassium hydroxide and catalyzed by a new multi-site phase-transfer catalyst viz., 1,3,5,7-tetrabenzylhexamethylenetetraammonium tetrachloride, MPTC under ultrasonic (40 kHz, 300 W) assisted organic solvent condition. The pseudo first-order kinetic equation was applied to describe the overall reaction. Under ultrasound irradiation (40 kHz, 300 W) in a batch reactor, it shows that the overall reaction rate can be greatly enhanced to seven fold faster with ultrasound irradiation than without ultrasound. The present study provides a method to synthesize ethers by ultrasound assisted liquid-liquid phase-transfer catalysis condition. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Selvaraj V.,Tamil University | Sakthivel P.,Tamil University | Rajendran V.,Pachaiyappas College for Men
Ultrasonics Sonochemistry | Year: 2015

The kinetics of polymerization of acrylonitrile (AN) was carried out under heterogeneous condition using a new multi-site phase-transfer catalyst (MPTC), viz., N,N′-dihexyl-4,4′-bipyridinium dibromide in the presence of water soluble initiator, potassium peroxydisulphate (PDS) under chlorobenzene/water two phase system assisted by ultrasound irradiation at constant temperature 60 + 1 °C under nitrogen atmosphere. The rate of polymerization increases with an increasing the concentrations of AN, MPTC and PDS. The order with respect to [AN], [MPTC], and [PDS] were found to be 1.01, 1.03 and 0.52, respectively. Based on the observed results a suitable mechanism has been proposed to account for the experimental observations followed by a discussion on its significance. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Sankar K.,Tamil University | Rajendran V.,Pachaiyappas College for Men
Ultrasonics Sonochemistry | Year: 2012

The kinetics of multi-site phase-transfer catalyzed free radical polymerisation of glycidyl methacrylate (GMA) using potassium peroxy disulphate (PDS) as water soluble initiator and newly synthesized 1,4-dihexadecylpyrazine- 1,4-diium dibromide as multi-site phase-transfer catalyst (MPTC) has been investigated in ethyl acetate/water two phase system at constant temperature 65 ± 1 °C under nitrogen atmosphere and ultrasound irradiation conditions. The rate of polymerization increases with an increase in concentrations of GMA, PDS and MPTC. The order with respect to monomer, initiator and MPTC were found to be 1.0, 0.5 and 1.0, respectively. The comparative study reveals that the Rp of GMA determined in the presence of PTC combined with ultrasound has shown more enhancements in the activity than PTC alone. Based on the observed results a suitable mechanism has been proposed to account for the experimental observations and its significance was discussed. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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