P4 Healthcare

Lakeland, TN, United States

P4 Healthcare

Lakeland, TN, United States
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Oh W.K.,Dana-Farber Cancer Institute | Oh W.K.,Mount Sinai School of Medicine | Mcdermott D.,Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center | Porta C.,University of Pavia | And 26 more authors.
International Journal of Oncology | Year: 2014

The aim of this study was to assess the treatment patterns and safety of sunitinib, sorafenib and bevacizumab in real-world clinical settings in US, Europe and Asia. Medical records were abstracted at 18 community oncology clinics in the US and at 21 tertiary oncology centers in US, Europe and Asia for 883 patients ≥18 years who had histologically/cytologically confirmed diagnosis of advanced RCC and received sunitinib (n=631), sorafenib (n=207) or bevacizumab (n=45) as first-line treatment. No prior treatment was permitted. Data were collected on all adverse events (AEs) and treatment modifications, including discontinuation, interruption and dose reduction. Treatment duration was estimated using Kaplan-Meier analysis. Demographics were similar across treatment groups and regions. Median treatment duration ranged from 6.1 to 10.7 months, 5.1 to 8.5 months and 7.5 to 9.8 months for sunitinib, sorafenib and bevacizumab patients, respectively. Grade 3/4 AEs were experienced by 26.0, 28.0 and 15.6% of sunitinib, sorafenib and bevacizumab patients, respectively. Treatment discontinuations occurred in 62.4 (Asia) to 63.1% (US) sunitinib, 68.8 (Asia) to 90.0% (Europe) sorafenib, and 66.7 (Asia) to 81.8% (US) bevacizumab patients. Globally, treatment modifications due to AEs occurred in 55.1, 54.2 and 50.0% sunitinib, sorafenib and bevacizumab patients, respectively. This study in a large, global cohort of advanced RCC patients found that angiogenesis inhibitors are associated with high rates of AEs and treatment modifications. Findings suggest an unmet need for more tolerable agents for RCC treatment.

Feinberg B.A.,Cardinal Health | Feinberg B.A.,P4 Healthcare | Jolly P.,Georgia Cancer Specialists | Wang S.-T.,Analysis Group Inc. | And 5 more authors.
Medical Oncology | Year: 2012

Safety and treatment patterns of sunitinib and sorafenib in metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) had been previously reported using retrospective chart review of patients treated in US tertiary centers. Because practice patterns may vary between hospital- and office-based settings, this study examined safety and treatment patterns of these agents in US community oncology clinics. Medical records were retrospectively reviewed for 250 patients with mRCC treated at 18 community oncology clinics. Eligible patients were ≥18 years old and received ≥1 prescription for sunitinib (n = 131) or sorafenib (n = 119) as first-line antiangiogenic treatment. Rates of adverse events (AEs) and treatment modifications were analyzed; reasons for treatment modifications were examined. Median duration of first-line sunitinib and sorafenib treatment was 5.9 and 5.5 months, respectively. Among patients treated with sunitinib and sorafenib, 86% (30%) and 87% (28%), respectively, experienced ≥1 all-grade (grade 3/4) AE. The most common AEs were fatigue/weakness in sunitinib (all-grade: 42%; grade 3/4: 5%)and skin rash in sorafenib (all-grade: 35%; grade 3/4: 6%). Sixty-two and 64% of patients treated with sunitinib and sorafenib, respectively, had ≥1 treatment modification due to AEs. Recorded AE rates in patients with mRCC treated with angiogenesis inhibitors in community practice tended to be lower than in tertiary centers, possibly due to shorter treatment duration. Rates of treatment modifications due to AEs tended to be higher in community practice. This study provides evidence froman office-based setting of unmet need for agents that may provide improved tolerability in mRCC. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011.

Elfiky A.A.,Harvard University | Cho D.C.,Harvard University | McDermott D.F.,Harvard University | Rosenberg J.E.,Harvard University | And 8 more authors.
Urologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations | Year: 2011

Objective: To identify factors that can be used to identify metastatic clear cell RCC patients more likely to benefit from sequential sunitinib. Patients and methods: We identified patients who failed sorafenib or bevacizumab and subsequently received sunitinib. We looked at objective response rates (ORR), progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS) to sunitinib in relation to baseline clinical variables. Results: Seventy-one patients received sunitinib sequential therapy. Median duration of follow-up after starting sunitinib was 9.3 months. Median PFS was 5.8 months; median OS was not reached. Significantly higher ORR was seen in patients with normal hemoglobin (25.6%) [defined as >12 gm/dl for female; >13 gm/dl for male]. In addition, a shorter PFS for patients with low hemoglobin, and patients with time from diagnosis to first treatment ≤1 year was found. There was a shorter OS for patients ≥60 years old, with brain metastasis, low hemoglobin, and time from diagnosis to treatment ≤1 year. There was no difference in ORR, PFS, or OS in patients who started sunitinib after or within a 30-day period. Conclusions: Metastatic clear-cell RCC patients with anemia have less clinical benefit from sequential sunitinib after failure of bevacizumab or sorafenib. Other factors associated with poor outcome include brain metastases, older age, and <1 year between diagnosis and first treatment. Importantly, no difference in outcomes was observed if sequential therapy was initiated within or after 30 days. External validation and prospective evaluation are needed to confirm these findings. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.

Raptis A.,University of Pittsburgh | Raptis A.,Analysis Group Inc. | Raptis A.,Novartis | Raptis A.,P4 Healthcare | And 36 more authors.
Transfusion | Year: 2010

Background: Patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) or severe anemia requiring repeated red blood cell (RBC) transfusions risk developing transfusional iron overload, which can reduce survival. Iron chelation therapy (ICT) has been shown to improve survival and quality of life in patients; however, ICT utilization in clinical practices is not well understood. study design and methods: Medical records of patients diagnosed with MDS or severe anemia at least 6 months before data extraction, aged at least 21 years at diagnosis, and who received at least one RBC transfusion were reviewed. ICT eligibility was defined as at least 20 units of RBCs transfused or at least two serum ferritin levels exceeding 1000 μg/L. Study endpoint was ICT treatment rate among ICT-eligible patients with lower-risk MDS (International Prognostic Scoring System [low or intermediate-1]; World Health Organization [refractory anemia {RA}, refractory anemia with ringed sideroblasts {RARS}, refractory cytopenia with multilineage dysplasia {RCMD}, refractory cytopenia with multilineage dysplasia and ringed sideroblasts, or 5q]; French-American-British [RA/RARS]). Results: Among 78 ICT-eligible patients with lower-risk MDS, 32 (41%) received ICT. At ICT initiation, treated patients received on average 13.3 transfusions (27.6 units) and mean first post-ICT initiation serum ferritin was twice the MDS Foundation recommendation at 1949 μg/L. Median overall survival for all ICT-eligible patients was significantly longer for those ICT-treated patients than untreated patients (8.7 years vs. 4.7 years, log-rank p = 0.02; multivariate hazard ratio 0.372, p = 0.03). Conclusion: This study finds only 41% of ICT-eligible patients with lower-risk MDS received ICT in clinical practice, and treatment was initiated later than recommended. Receipt of ICT was associated with significantly longer survival. © 2009 American Association of Blood Banks.

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