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De Los Santos M.J.,IVI Valencia | De Los Santos M.J.,INCLIVA Biomedical Research and Fundacion IVI | Gamiz P.,IVI Valencia | De Los Santos J.M.,IVI Valencia | And 7 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2015

Despite efforts made to improve the in vitro embryo culture conditions used during assisted reproduction procedures, human embryos must adapt to different in vitro oxygen concentrations and the new metabolic milieu provided by the diverse culture media used for such protocols. It has been shown that the embryo culture environment can affect not only cellular metabolism, but also gene expression in different species of mammalian embryos. Therefore we wanted to compare the metabolic footprint left by human cleavage-stage embryos under two types of oxygen atmospheric culture conditions (6% and 20% O2). The spent culture media from 39 transferred and implanted embryos from a total of 22 patients undergoing egg donation treatment was analyzed; 23 embryos came from 13 patients in the 6% oxygen concentration group, and 16 embryos from 9 patients were used in the 20% oxygen concentration group. The multivariate statistics we used in our analysis showed that human cleavage-stage embryos grown under both types of oxygen concentration left a similar metabolic fingerprint. We failed to observe any change in the net depletion or release of relevant analytes, such as glucose and especially fatty acids, by human cleavage-stage embryos under either type of culture condition. Therefore it seems that low oxygen tension during embryo culture does not alter the global metabolism of human cleavage-stage embryos. © 2015 de los Santos et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Martinez-Arranz I.,OWL | Mayo R.,OWL | Perez-Cormenzana M.,OWL | Minchole I.,OWL | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Proteomics | Year: 2015

Metabolomics research, like other disciplines utilizing high-throughput technologies, generates a large amount of data for every sample. Although handling this data is a challenge and one of the biggest bottlenecks of the metabolomics workflow, it is also the clue to accomplish valuable results. This work has been designed to supply methodological data mining guidelines, describing systematically the steps to be followed in metabolomics data exploration. Instrumental raw data refinement in the pre-processing step and assessment of the statistical assumptions in pre-treatment directly affect the results of subsequent univariate and multivariate analyses. A study of aging in a healthy population was selected to represent this data mining process. Multivariate analysis of variance and linear regression methods were used to analyze the metabolic changes underlying aging. Selection of both multivariate methods aims to illustrate the treatment of age from two rather different perspectives, as a categorical variable and a continuous variable. Biological significance: Metabolomics is a discipline involving the analysis of a large amount of data to gather relevant information. Researchers in this field have to overcome the challenges of complex data processing and statistical analysis issues. A wide range of tasks has to be executed, from the minimization of batch-to-batch/systematic variations in pre-processing, to the application of common data analysis techniques relying on statistical assumptions. In this work, a real-data metabolic profiling research on aging was used to illustrate the proposed workflow and suggest a set of guidelines for analyzing metabolomics data.This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: HUPO 2014. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.

Seijo S.,Institute Of Malalties Digestives I Metaboliques | Lozano J.J.,CIBER ISCIII | Lozano J.J.,Research Center Biomedica En Red Of Enfermedades Hepaticas gestivas | Alonso C.,OWL | And 15 more authors.
American Journal of Gastroenterology | Year: 2013

OBJECTIVES:Idiopathic portal hypertension (IPH) is a rare cause of portal hypertension that lacks a specific diagnostic test. Requiring ruling-out other causes of portal hypertension it is frequently misdiagnosed. This study evaluates whether using high-throughput techniques there is a metabolomic profile allowing a noninvasive diagnosis of IPH.METHODS:Thirty-three IPH patients were included. Matched patients with cirrhosis (CH) and healthy volunteers (HV) were included as controls. Metabolomic analysis of plasma samples was performed using UPLC-time-of-flight-mass spectrometry. We computed Student's P-values, corrected by multiple comparison and VIP score (Variable Importance in the Projection). The metabolites were selected with an adjusted Benjamini Hochberg P value <0.05. We use markers with a greater VIP score, to build partial least squares projection to latent structures regression with discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) representative models to discriminate IPH from CH and from HV. The performance of the PLS-DA model was evaluated using R 2 and Q 2 parameter. An additional internal cross-validation was done.RESULTS:PLS-DA analysis showed a clear separation of IPH from CH with a model involving 28 metabolites (Q 2 =0.67, area under the curve (AUC)=0.99) and a clear separation of IPH from healthy subjects with a model including 31 metabolites (Q 2 =0.75, AUC=0.98). After cross-validation, both models showed high rates of sensitivity (94.8 and 97.5), specificity (89.1 and 89.7), and AUC (0.98 and 0.98), reinforcing the strength of our findings.CONCLUSIONS:A metabolomic profile clearly differentiating patients with IPH from CH and healthy subjects has been identified using subsets of 28 and 31 metabolites, respectively. Therefore, metabolomic analysis appears to be a valuable tool for the noninvasive diagnosis of IPH. ©2013 by the American College of Gastroenterology.

Barr J.,OWL | Caballeria J.,Institute dInvestigacions Biomediques August Pi Sunyer IDIBAPS | Martinez-Arranz I.,OWL | Dominguez-Diez A.,University of Cantabria | And 27 more authors.
Journal of Proteome Research | Year: 2012

Our understanding of the mechanisms by which nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) progresses from simple steatosis to steatohepatitis (NASH) is still very limited. Despite the growing number of studies linking the disease with altered serum metabolite levels, an obstacle to the development of metabolome-based NAFLD predictors has been the lack of large cohort data from biopsy-proven patients matched for key metabolic features such as obesity. We studied 467 biopsied individuals with normal liver histology (n = 90) or diagnosed with NAFLD (steatosis, n = 246; NASH, n = 131), randomly divided into estimation (80% of all patients) and validation (20% of all patients) groups. Qualitative determinations of 540 serum metabolite variables were performed using ultraperformance liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS). The metabolic profile was dependent on patient body-mass index (BMI), suggesting that the NAFLD pathogenesis mechanism may be quite different depending on an individuals level of obesity. A BMI-stratified multivariate model based on the NAFLD serum metabolic profile was used to separate patients with and without NASH. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.87 in the estimation and 0.85 in the validation group. The cutoff (0.54) corresponding to maximum average diagnostic accuracy (0.82) predicted NASH with a sensitivity of 0.71 and a specificity of 0.92 (negative/positive predictive values = 0.82/0.84). The present data, indicating that a BMI-dependent serum metabolic profile may be able to reliably distinguish NASH from steatosis patients, have significant implications for the development of NASH biomarkers and potential novel targets for therapeutic intervention. © 2012 American Chemical Society.

Manni M.M.,University of the Basque Country | Cano A.,OWL | Alonso C.,OWL | Goni F.M.,University of the Basque Country
Chemistry and Physics of Lipids | Year: 2015

A comparative lipidomic study has been performed of whole Madin-Darby canine kidney epithelial cells and of the detergent-resistant membrane fraction (DRM) obtained after treating the cells with the non-ionic detergent Triton X-100. The DRM were isolated following a standard procedure that is extensively used in cell biology studies. Significant differences were found in the lipid composition of the whole cells and of DRM. The latter were enriched in all the analyzed sphingolipid classes: sphingomyelins, ceramides and hexosylceramides. Diacylglycerols were also preferentially found in DRM. The detergent-resistant fraction was also enriched in saturated over unsaturated fatty acyl chains, and in sn-1 acyl chains containing 16 carbon atoms, over the longer and shorter ones. The glycerophospholipid species phosphatidylethanolamines and phosphatidylinositols, that were mainly unsaturated, did not show a preference for DRM. Phosphatidylcholines were an intermediate case: the saturated, but not the unsaturated species were found preferentially in DRM. The question remains on whether these DRM, recovered from detergent-membrane mixtures by floatation over a sucrose gradient, really correspond to membrane domains existing in the cell membrane prior to detergent treatment. © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

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