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Néa Smýrni, Greece

Rapti A.,Outpatient Sarcoidosis Clinic | Kouranos V.,Outpatient Sarcoidosis Clinic | Gialafos E.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens | Aggeli K.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens | And 7 more authors.
Lung | Year: 2013

Background: Sarcoidosis-related pulmonary hypertension (SRPH) is an entity associated with significant morbidity and mortality irrespective of disease severity, while the pathogenic mechanisms remain poorly understood. Methods: This cross-sectional study included consecutive patients with biopsy-proven sarcoidosis (n = 313) who were followed up in an outpatient setting from October 2002 through June 2010. All patients underwent clinical and cardiopulmonary evaluation, including cardiac MRI, to assess prevalence of SRPH and identify possible underlying pathophysiological mechanisms. Results: By Doppler echocardiographic criteria, 37 (11.8 %) patients were found to have pulmonary arterial systolic pressure (PASP) >40 mmHg. Twelve of the 37 patients agreed to undergo right heart catheterization and SRPH was confirmed in nine patients. Compared to patients without SRPH, those with SRPH were significantly older and had greater lung function impairment; disease duration did not differ between patients with and without SRPH. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO) and age were independent determinants of SRPH. Pulmonary fibrosis and left ventricular diastolic dysfunction due to cardiac sarcoidosis or other comorbidities accounted for SRPH in the majority of patients. In the nonpulmonary fibrosis group, DLCO ≤ 50.65 (% predicted) was associated with SRPH (sensitivity = 77.8 %, specificity = 72.2 %; p = 0.031, AUC = 0.759). Conclusion: In a large cohort of sarcoidosis patients, this study found a prevalence of SRPH of about 12 %. Pulmonary fibrosis and left ventricular diastolic dysfunction due to cardiac sarcoidosis or other comorbidities are frequent pathogenic mechanisms. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media New York.

Gialafos E.,University of Thessaly | Gialafos E.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens | Triposkiadis F.,University of Thessaly | Kouranos V.,Outpatient Sarcoidosis Clinic | And 9 more authors.
In Vivo | Year: 2014

Identification of genetic predisposition to cardiac sarcoidosis could play a critical role in the detection of subclinical forms of the disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the possible correlations between the emergence of cardiac sarcoidosis and the -1.031T/C, -857C/T, -308G/A, and -238G/A Tumor Necrosis Factor-α (TNFA) polymorphisms in a well-defined Greek cohort. One-hundred and seventy-three patients of Greek origin with sarcoidosis were recruited in the present study. Cardiac sarcoidosis was determined according to established criteria. Blood samples were collected and the TNFA polymorphisms were genotyped. No significant difference was noted between the patients with cardiac involvement and those without, concerning the -1.031T/C and -238G/A TNFA polymorphisms. Regarding the -857C/T polymorphism, the TT genotype and the T allele were found to be overrepresented in patients with cardiac involvement (p=0.02 and 0.012, respectively). AA genotype of the -308G/A as well as the A allele were also found significantly more frequently in patients with cardiac sarcoidosis (p=0.014 and 0.012 respectively). From the investigated TNFA promoter polymorphisms, we were able to deduce nine main haplotypes. Haplotypes 3 and 5, including A nucleotide at position -308, and T nucleotide at position -857 respectively, were significantly over-represented in the group with cardiac involvement. We detected an increased presence of genetic polymorphisms in the TNFA gene of patients with cardiac involvement. However, the role and the clinical application of these findings need further exploration.

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