Jang S.-H.,Ourhome Co. |
Kim M.-J.,Kookmin University |
Lim J.,Oregon State University |
Hong J.-H.,Kookmin University
Journal of Sensory Studies | Year: 2016
Strong flavor developed during fermentation can affect foreign consumer's liking of kimchi (fermented vegetables with seasonings). This study was conducted to compare the cross-cultural preference of American versus Korean consumers for kimchi fermented to different degrees. Kimchi samples fermented to different degrees (pH 5.9, LFK; pH 4.2, MFK; and pH 3.9, HFK) were presented to American (n=111) and Korean consumers (n=101). The degree of liking and attribute intensities were assessed using the 9-point hedonic scale and Just-about-Right scale. Consumer demographics and kimchi consumption habits were also collected. American consumers significantly preferred MFK and HFK to LFK, whereas Korean consumers did not show any significant preference among the samples. American consumers reported that the sourness and spiciness of LFK were not intense enough. The frequency of kimchi consumption by American consumers was positively associated with their preference for more fermented kimchi, while the level of fermentation of the daily consumed kimchi was well associated with Korean consumers' preference for kimchi. Practical Applications: It is challenging for food industries to launch fermented ethnic food products, such as fermented soy products and vegetables, in foreign markets because acceptability for products with different degree of fermentation may differ across culture and also based on previous experience. The present study investigated how foreign consumers accept one such food, kimchi, at different fermentation levels, particularly in relation to their previous experiences. Results of the present study can help researchers and marketers to establish more effective strategies for developing ethnic foods targeting foreign markets by providing the optimal level of fermentation accepted by foreign consumers and consumer profile. In addition, our findings on the relationship between previous exposures and liking aid in understanding potential mechanisms underlying acquisition of liking for ethnic food by foreign consumers. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Kim M.-R.,Ourhome Co. |
Lee H.-S.,Agency for Korea Food Cluster |
Choi H.-S.,Korea University |
Kim S.Y.,Hongcheon Institute of Medicinal Herbs |
And 2 more authors.
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology | Year: 2014
UVA is responsible for numerous biological effects on the skin, including premature aging characterized by wrinkles, leathery texture, and mottled pigmentation. The objective of this study was evaluating the protective effect of ginseng leaf extract prepared by Ultraflo L on skin from photodamage. Anti-wrinkle effect of ginseng leaf extract with or without Ultraflo L treatment were tested on human keratinocyte cells (HaCaT) irradiated with ultraviolet (UV) A. Ginseng leaves inhibited ROS generation, GHS depletion, and expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9 induced by UVA irradiation. The glutathione (GSH) content of the cells was significantly increased by over 25 μg mL-1 of Ultraflo-treated extract (UTGL) as well as by over 100 μg mL-1 of nonenzyme-treated extract (NEGL) compared to control. UTGL and NEGL treatments significantly decreased expression of metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and 9 compared with control, but inhibitory effects of two groups on expression of MMPs were not significantly different. Overall, ULtraflo L-treated ginseng leaves inhibited ROS generation, GHS depletion, and expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9 in UVA photodamaged HaCat cells. From these results, enzyme-treated ginseng leaf extract has advantages over untreated ginseng leaves and have potential as a skin protective ingredient against UVA-induced photodamage. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media.
Ourhome Co. | Date: 2010-06-15
Frozen beans; frozen vegetables; preserved fruits; preserved vegetables; processed vegetables; vegetable juices for cooking; tofu; processed tofu; soybean milk; preserved soybean for food; frozen fruits; meat for human consumption; chicken; pork; beef; artificial meat; processed eggs; eggs; processed meat for human consumption; processed meat; ham; milk; processed milk products, namely, condensed milk, acidophilus milk, powdered milk for food purposes, milk beverages with high milk content, and milk curd; cheese; yogurt; butter; edible oils and fats; processed oils and fats for food; margarine; preserved seaweed; processed seaweed; preserved fish and shellfish; processed fish and shellfish. Edible flour; processed cereal grains; processed cereal grain preparations for food, namely, cereal grain-based food processed cereal-based food to be used as a food or as an ingredient for making other foods; confectionery, namely, cookies, ice cream, waffles, cakes, sweet biscuits, sweet crackers, sweet grain-based chips and almond cake; bread; candy; sugar; rice cakes; soya sauce; compound chemical seasoning, namely, monosodium glutamate (MSG); mayonnaise; sauce condiments, namely, mustard, ketchup, tomato sauce for use as a condiment and salad dressing; vinegar; flavorings other than essential oils; salt; tea; coffee; tea-based beverages; edible ices; meat tenderizers for household purposes; fermented soybeans for use as a condiment (meju); fermented hot pepper paste for use as a condiment (gochu-jang); fermented soybean paste for use as a condiment (doyn-jang). Unprocessed grains; unprocessed beans; fresh vegetables; fresh mushroom; grain seeds; seeds for vegetables and fruits; fresh fruit; fresh seaweed. Extracts of hops for making beer; vegetable and fruit juices; refreshing beverages, namely, fruit-based beverages; aerated water; non-alcoholic beverages, namely, carbonated beverages; vegetable juice-based beverages; tomato juice-based beverages; mineral water; beer. Wholesale distributorships featuring beans; Wholesale distributorships featuring frozen vegetables Wholesale distributorships featuring processed fruits; Wholesale distributorships featuring tofu; Wholesale distributorships featuring frozen fruits; Wholesale distributorships featuring meat for human consumption; Wholesale distributorships featuring eggs; Wholesale distributorships featuring milk products; Wholesale distributorships featuring edible oils and fats; Wholesale distributorships featuring edible fish and shells; Wholesale distributorships featuring processed seaweed; Wholesale distributorships featuring processed marine products; Wholesale distributorships featuring threshed grains; Wholesale distributorships featuring edible flour; Wholesale distributorships featuring processed grains; Wholesale distributorships featuring leaven; Wholesale distributorships featuring confectionery Wholesale distributorships featuring bread; Wholesale distributorships featuring Korean traditional fermented paste; Wholesale distributorships featuring chemical seasoning; Wholesale distributorships featuring vinegar; Wholesale distributorships featuring flavoring; Wholesale distributorships featuring teas; Wholesale distributorships featuring fresh vegetables; Wholesale distributorships featuring fresh fruits; Wholesale distributorships featuring vegetable juices beverages; Wholesale distributorships featuring refreshing beverages; Wholesale distributorships featuring mineral water; Wholesale distributorships featuring beer; Wholesale distributorships featuring offal.
Ourhome Co. | Date: 2012-08-24
Canned, cooked, dried, frozen, preserved, prepared or processed beef, poultry, fish, fruits, fruit- and nut-based food bars, beans, meat, nuts and vegetables; pollen processed as foodstuff; processed olive puree and ginseng; processed edible seeds; processed sunflower seeds; fruit butters, chips, conserves, jellies, leathers, paste, peels, preserves, pulp, purees and spreads; fruit and vegetable salads; fruit salads; fruit-based snack food; kimchi; marmalade; vegetable mousse; pickles; gherkins; vegetable salads; vegetable soups; chicken, meat or fish croquettes; tomato extracts; fried potatoes; potato chips and sticks; piccalilli; hummus; tahini; vegetable juices for cooking; tofu; soybean milk; bean-based snack foods; chicken; pork; beef; meat; mutton; game; poultry; eggs; egg yolks and whites; albumen for culinary purposes; meat extracts; meat jellies; bouillon concentrates; broth concentrates; rennet; bacon; bouillon; preparations for making bouillon; broth; sausages; charcuterie; salted meat; tripe; edible birds nests; unflavored and unsweetened gelatins; ham; milk beverages containing almond or peanut milk; drinking yogurts; mold-ripened cheese; milk shakes; fermented milk; butter; powdered milk; dairy- and fruit-based spreads; goat milk; cream fraiche; cheese; sheep milk; condensed milk; yogurt; yogurt drinks; milk; protein milk; dairy-based dips, food beverages and spreads; whey; curd; cheese spreads; cheese powder; kefir; whipped cream; edible oils and fats; animal oils and fats; margarine; shortening; hardened oils; whale oil and fat; peanut oil; lard; powdered oils and fats; beef tallow; colza oil for food; pectin for culinary purposes; vegetable oils and fats; snail eggs for human consumption; cooked snails; canned snails; processed seafood and snakes; processed fish roe; processed laver; processed, edible seaweed; dried pieces of agar jelly; alginates for culinary purposes; fish mousses; steamed or toasted cakes of fish paste; fish sausages; fish fillets; fish meal for human consumption. Processed cereals and grains; ready-to-eat cereals; muesli; rice; processed oats and barley; flour; barley meal; pounded wheat; sago; semolina; arrowroot starch; sweet potato starch; perilla powder; food starch; bean meal; tapioca; almond paste; capers; dried pieces of wheat gluten; pasta; high-protein cereal bars; cereal-based snack foods; flour- and grain-based chips; farinaceous food pastes for human consumption; hominy; hominy grits; dried edible seaweed; noodles; rice cakes; dumplings; dumpling skins; cooked rice mixed with vegetables and beef; bean pancakes; sandwiches; pizza; rice-based snack foods; oatmeal; artificial rice; sushi; cheeseburgers; cannelloni; corn flakes; couscous; quiche; tabbouleh; tacos; toast; pastries, namely, pasties; hot dogs; baking soda; baking powder; yeast extracts; yeast; yeast powder; malt for food purposes; malt extracts for food; confectionery made of sugar; licorice; cakes; meat pies; fruit ices; fruit jelly candy; cake mixes; bubble gum; frozen yogurt confections; edible ices; nougat; boiled sweets; candy; bread; donuts; buns; dessert puddings; rusks; lollipops; bread rolls; marshmallow; marzipan; macaroons; malt biscuits; muffins; pastry shells for monaka; peppermint sweets; butter biscuits; bonbons; biscuits; sherbets; breadcrumbs; sweetmeats; candied fruits and vegetables; pastry; gingerbread; sugar-coated hard caramels and coffee beans; sherbet mixes; filled chocolate; shortbread; cream puffs; spring rolls; bread doughs; wafers; rice pudding; ice candies; ice cream; cones for ice cream; ice cream mixes; toffee; waffles; instant doughnut mixes; instant pancake mixes; instant pudding mixes; jam buns; confectionery in jelly form; sweetmeat made of sesame oil; chocolate; chocolate mousse; chocolate bars; chocolate candies; chocolate pastes; chewing gum; custard; caramels; cake doughs; corn chips; cookies; crackers; crepes; confectionery for decorating Christmas trees; tarts; taffy; tortillas; pies; popcorn; puffed rice; pastries; petits fours; fondants; puddings; pralines; halvah; cube sugar; golden syrup; fructose; crystal sugar; honey; molasses syrup; honey substitutes; royal jelly for food purposes; maltose for food purposes; starch syrup; sugar; honey; molasses; glucose for culinary purposes; natural sweeteners; propolis for food purposes; soy sauce; fermented hot pepper paste; soy bean paste; monosodium glutamate used as a flavor enhancer for food; seasonings; marinades; mayonnaise; vinegar; salad dressings; sauces; mustard; mustard powder; spices; fruit flavourings, except essences; candy mints; food flavorings; meat gravies; nutmeg; relish; garlic powder; vanilla flavorings; mushroom powder condiment; flavourings for butter; processed herbs; flavourings for soups; aniseed for use as a flavoring in food and drinks; turmeric; table salt mixed with sesame seeds; coffee essences; fruit paste for flavouring of food; flavourings of almond; cinnamon; flavorings for beverages; flavourings of tea; chow chow; chutneys; flavourings for cheeses; curry pastes; salt; sea water for cooking; tea; tea-based beverages; tea substitutes; herbal infusions; coffee; coffee substitutes; milk chocolate; coffee beverages with milk; cocoa beverages with milk; coffee beans; chocolate beverages with milk; instant coffee; artificial coffee; chocolate-based beverages; coffee flavored syrup used in making food beverages; coffee-based beverages; cocoa; cocoa spreads; cocoa-based beverages; edible ices; ice blocks; ice for refreshment; ice; meat tenderizers for household purposes; starch-based thickeners for whipped cream; starch-based binding agents for ice cream; gluten additives for culinary purposes; thickening agents for use in cooking. Unprocessed beans; unprocessed grain, cereal, oats, millet, barley, rye, rhubarb and sesame seeds; bee pollen being raw material for industrial use; unprocessed perilla seeds; unprocessed buckwheat; raw wheat; unprocessed rice; fresh leeks, lentils, lettuce, corn, peas, potatoes, mushrooms, truffles, spinach, onions, garden herbs, vegetables, cucumbers, squash and beets; raw horseradish root; sugar cane; raw sugar cane bagasses; copra; malt for brewing and distilling; eggs for hatching; animal and livestock feed; salt licks; cattle feed; dog biscuits; dog food; edible chews for dogs; cat food and treats; fish food; fish, flaxseed, linseed and soy bean meal for animals; animal foodstuffs; edible chews for animals; animal beverages; yeast for animal consumption; animal feed supplements; hay; rice bran; food for animals; bird food; pet food; pet beverages; agricultural, flower, fruit, grass, plant, rye and wheat seeds; vegetable seeds for planting; unprocessed cereal seeds; seeds for horticultural purposes; sowing seeds; apple tree and Urushi tree seeds; bulbs for agricultural and horticultural purposes; spores and spawn; pine cones; fresh fruits, nuts and olives; unprocessed kola nuts; live bushes, plants and trees; seedlings; potted dwarfed trees; natural flowers and turf; sod; raw hops; raw cocoa beans; eggs for hatching; live animals, game and poultry; live mammals, fish, birds and insects; live baits, crayfish and crustaceans; live octopuses, sea-cucumbers and shellfish; live soft-shelled turtles; unprocessed agar; unprocessed algae for human consumption; unprocessed seaweed; sanded paper for pets; aromatic sand for pets; animal litter; mulch; chopped straw for thermally protecting plants; undressed and unsawn timber; raw bark; rough cork; palm tree leaves; coconut shells; wood chips for the manufacture of wood pulp; dried flowers; wreaths of natural flowers; live flower arrangements; dried plants for decoration; cocoons for silkworm breeding; silkworm eggs. Extracts of hops for making beer; non-alcoholic rice-based beverages not being milk substitutes; guarana drinks; fruit flavored drinks; fruit juices; non-alcoholic beverages containing fruit juices; non-alcoholic honey-based beverages; frozen fruit beverages; peanut milk; syrup for making lemonade; lemonades; lemon squash; concentrates, syrups or powders used in the preparation of soft drinks and fruit-flavored beverages; powders for making soft drinks; fruit nectars; non-alcoholic fruit extracts used in the preparation of beverages; nonalcoholic aperitifs; non-alcoholic cider and cocktails; soda pops; soda water; seltzer water; soft drinks; Korean fruit punch; non-alcoholic rice-based beverages not being milk substitutes, namely, Korean dessert drinks; syrups for making beverages; milk of almonds for beverage; isotonic beverages; whey beverages; sarsaparilla; sherbet beverages; powders derived from ginseng used in the preparation of energy drinks; essences for making non-alcoholic beverages; non-alcoholic drinks, namely, energy shots containing ginseng juice; non-alcoholic beverages containing fruit and vegetable juices; aerated water; vegetable juice beverages; tomato juice beverages; water beverages; lithia, mineral, spring and table waters; non-aerated drinking water; water beverages; beer, ale, lager, stout and porter; essences used in the preparation of liqueurs; beer and malt wort; alcohol-free, ginger and imitation beer. Rental of advertising space; rental of advertising time on communication media; independent sales representatives in the field of advertising; marketing services; demonstration of goods; export and import agencies in the fields of food products for animals and humans, eggs for hatching, livestock, live fish, shellfish, plants, trees and worms, logs, bark, timber, animal litter, wood chips, wreaths, silkworms, beverages, beverage preparations and spirits.
Ourhome Co. | Date: 2011-11-29
Provided are: a culture fluid composition for delaying the ripening of kimchi, which contains a mixed lactic acid bacterial culture fluid with which a culture fluid containing six types of lactic acid bacteria is mixed to be capable of specifically inhibiting the proliferation of lactic acid bacteria in fermented kimchi; vitamin B1; and lactic acid and a method for making kimchi using same for delaying the ripening of kimchi.