Oulu, Finland

Oulu University of Applied science is one of the largest universities of applied science in Finland with approximately 9,000 students, including around 240 international degree students. The number of incoming exchange students annually is approximately 280. Wikipedia.

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The jointly funded project coordinated by VTT has once more achieved significant results promoting the birth of printable, flexible and functional electronics, services and commercial business in Finland. In line with its name, the Printed Into Products 2 project fosters the growth of the industrial manufacturing of printed intelligence by different companies. "VTT's roll-to-roll overmoulding manufacturing process combined the printing, component assembly and overmoulding of components. The results we achieved show that it is easy to overmould components assembled onto a flexible film into durable products," states Project Manager Tapio Ritvonen from VTT. In practice, this means that conductors, circuit boards and sensors, for instance, are printed onto a film, with the resulting electronic components then assembled by an assembly machine. Finally, the structure is overmoulded with plastic. Oulu University of Applied Sciences carried out extensive series of tests on the products manufactured using this process, investigating the durability of the structures by means of salt spraying and various mechanical tests, for example. A printable and modelled transistor was also developed with the roll-to-roll printing process during the project. Precision printing was tested at the same time, and was found to be the most precise in the world by achieving a 2-micrometre line width with equalline gap. During the project, the University of Oulu developed a measurement method for the quality assurance of industrial production, based on synchronised thermography, where a thermal camera locates any defects in a printed, conductive structure. One of the corporate partners involved in the project, the measurement equipment supplier Focalspec, found that its front row seat in the development and testing of cutting-edge technologies brought it concrete product development benefits. "The optical scanner solution developed during the project can measure 3D contours of a surface and determine, for example, the layer thickness of a printed pattern with sub-micrometre precision," says Karri Niemelä, Vice President, Research and Development. "For us, the joint project offered a smooth entry into the TEKES project," says Hannu Valkonen, CEO of Ultracom, the developer of the accurate and lightweight Novus dog tracker. Clothing+, in turn, focused on the data transfer properties of printed conductors in wearable products. "Our development work continues, and we intend to utilise the research results obtained now in future customer projects to a larger extent," said Project Manager Anni Varis. Flexbright, a manufacturer of flexible LED light foils, was another project partner. The technology it uses was developed in cooperation with PrintoCent and VTT's Oulu unit. "Our involvement has reinforced our own product development, and the groundwork done by the research institutes strongly supports the production prospects of the companies," states CEO Pekka Makkonen. During the project, Flexbright also developed a functional demonstration combining intelligence and wireless control with light foils for prospective Internet of Things applications. Printed intelligence is currently considered to be one of the possible game changers for industrial production in Finland. "Finland is one of the only places in the world where the industrial production of ideas related to printed intelligence can be tested in practice. We are genuine pioneers in this field, and it is possible that technological innovations such as printed intelligence will turn the tide and restart the growth of industrial production in Finland in the near future. When combined with hybrid integration, printed intelligence will revolutionise the manufacturing process of certain components and products, and it is very cost-effective and fast compared with traditional production methods," says Ilkka Kaisto, Director of PrintoCent. Even today, electronics can be produced cost-effectively through printing. Printed intelligence can be utilised in the industrial mass production of diagnostic tools for the medical industry, such as rapid diagnostic tests, LED lights and batteries, for example. PrintoCent's objective is to create new components, products and solutions based on printed intelligence. Founded by VTT, the University of Oulu, Oulu University of Applied Sciences and Business Oulu, PrintoCent is an innovation centre for printed electronics and optical measurement technology developing the research, training and business of the field. Today, over 300 people are work on printed intelligence research and development projects in the Oulu region. PrintoCent intends to reinforce Oulu's position as one of Europe's leading innovation centres in printed electronics and optical measurement technology. PrintoCent's international industrial cluster includes over 40 companies. www.printocent.net Explore further: Researchers develop new printing method for mass production of thin film transistors

Saarikoski H.,Finnish Environment Institute | Tikkanen J.,Oulu University of Applied Sciences | Leskinen L.A.,Finnish Forest Research Institute
Forest Policy and Economics | Year: 2010

The paper analyses stakeholder involvement and public participation in preparing Regional Forest Programmes (RFP) in Finland. Such programmes establish the outlines for regional forest management, setting targets and action plans for industrial timber use, non-wood production, recreational activities, and nature conservation in each region. Our analysis suggests that the RFP process has brought together a significant cross-section of actors who meet on a regular basis. Hence, it has become an institutionalised cooperation between key stakeholder organisations. It has facilitated information exchange and learning about issues pertaining to forest management practices, timber markets, and protection of biodiversity. Engaging the general public in the RFP process has, however, been mostly ineffectual. The process has also fallen short of the expectations to reconcile different perspectives and produce jointly accepted strategies. The biggest challenges lie in finding approaches to address conflicts constructively and to draw up a RFP that will contribute to actual changes in forest management activities. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.

Hokajarvi R.,Oulu University of Applied Sciences | Hujala T.,Finnish Forest Research Institute | Tikkanen J.,Oulu University of Applied Sciences
Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research | Year: 2011

Urbanisation and related lifestyle changes, as well as the opportunities offered by new information and communication technology, are altering decision-making among family forest owners. Consequently, the approaches and tools of communicating with forest owners are under pressure towards becoming more customer-orientated. The present study looks at forestry advisory practices connected with forest management planning using the theory base and methods of activity theory and the active involvement of practical forestry professionals. Collaborative developmental meetings with a group of foresters were conducted in three organisations. A total of 22 sessions were held within separate developmental projects. Tacit knowledge and good communication practices were observed among the foresters involved in this. New flexible service models and improvements to current service chains were designed and experimented to support forest owners in their forest management activity. Analysis of experiences suggests adjusting forestry advisory practitioners' roles. A more meaningful customer-compatible role of the forest planner fostering the planner's work-related well-being could include two sub-roles: a mediator is sensitive to the owner's needs and wishes and s/he informs the owner about the forest holding and its various long-term opportunities and an activator, in turn, supports the realisation of the suggested operations in the forest holding. © 2011 Taylor & Francis.

Isomursu M.,VTT Technical Research Center of Finland | Ervasti M.,VTT Technical Research Center of Finland | Kinnula M.,University of Oulu | Isomursu P.,Oulu University of Applied Sciences
International Journal of Human Computer Studies | Year: 2011

This paper proposes a method for understanding and modelling human values in the evaluation of new technology in social settings, and analyses the validity of the proposed method in a specific use case. The method, which is based on the Schwartz universal model of human values adopted from social psychology research, is used in the context of value analysis of the adoption of a technology-supported attendance control system in a primary school. The results are based on an evaluation of a 14-week trial where two classes of elementary school children used an attendance control system that was implemented using networked technology components, including smart cards, NFC-enabled mobile phones and card readers, a web portal, and SMS messaging. The findings from the trial are analysed from the viewpoint of three end-user groups, namely children, parents, and teachers. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Stenius A.,Oulu University of Applied Sciences
Global Journal of Engineering Education | Year: 2016

This article is based on recent national development projects in Finnish higher education in the construction branch and the author's long-term experience in directing those projects. Finnish higher education institutions have been required by the Ministry of Education and Culture to increase their engagement with working life to ensure that study programmes meet the requirements of industry, and because of ineffective teaching performance [1]. Improving the co-operation between working life and educational institutions will improve graduates' opportunities for gaining employment by ensuring the compatibility between education and the needs of working life [2]. Working life-based study consists of study content development, working life influence and anticipation of future practices. It will ensure that real working competencies are developed by students and will improve employment [3]. Finnish higher education institutions have autonomy concerning their study programmes, study contents, and learning environment and practices. Co-operation with working life is mentioned in most institutions' strategies, but its realisation is varied [1]. © 2016 WIETE.

Kurkela L.,Oulu University of Applied Sciences
International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning | Year: 2011

The implementation of social media in learning, teaching and cooperation is an innovation process which has implications at many levels in networking universities. eLearning developers and educational designers need to be aware of social media related technological prospects to be able to determine how to benefit from new possibilities. They also need to be aware of related pedagogical possibilities, competences and attitudes among students, teachers and tutors. Soft System Methodology (SSM) has been applied to investigate the problem area more deeply. One can see three development challenges at each level: 1) paradigms and paradigm shifts, 2) teaching and learning competences and related culture, 3) infrastructure and technology related services and innovations. The Virtual Campus for Digital Students (ViCaDiS) Project is used to concretise some features of the systemic approach of SSM. As a result of the SSM analysis, one can find a useful framework to start analysing development challenges in the context of one university or universities working together.

Ojala P.,Oulu University of Applied Sciences
WSEAS Transactions on Information Science and Applications | Year: 2010

The purposes to use quality gates in software development are many. Quite often companies see that the usage of quality gates improves their overall efficiency, effectiveness and output quality of software delivery chain. They also see that the usage of quality gates helps them to make things right at once by not skipping quality assurance actions. This paper defines quality gate model for a software company. As well it shows that even quality gates might be in place they are not always followed because of a business reason. Companies can forget their well structured quality gate systems when business reason justifies it. The results of neglecting quality gates might lead to a situation where software asset output is not trusted anymore and quality is not known. In a longer run quality gate system seems to be as good as human being who is keeping it. This paper discusses about the most typical software development quality gates in an industrial context. As well it gives reasoning why these gates are usable and defines general criteria for each of them. Paper notifies that even quality gates are in place, they are not useful if not followed. The theoretical discussion in this paper is constructive and follows the constructive research method. Industrial experiments are explained using a case study method.

Stenius A.,Oulu University of Applied Sciences
World Transactions on Engineering and Technology Education | Year: 2013

This article is based on, and bears the same title as, a licentiate degree thesis at a Finnish university of applied sciences (polytechnic). Considerable changes have been seen in construction production education during the last decade following the discontinuation of the lower degree in construction education at technical institutes in 1996. Compensatory education in the form of a Master's level degree in building was introduced in 2006, and this has led to changes in construction engineering in the construction production. This study was derived from construction production projects and site management's tasks and duties, and from these, the professional skill requirements and corresponding learning requirements were determined. Based on these requirements, it was possible to determine the profiles for professions, following the existent degree programmes. Elementary instructions for curriculum development at universities of applied sciences were created based on this study. © 2013 WIETE.

Paatalo H.,Oulu University of Applied Sciences
Proceedings of the 43rd SEFI Annual Conference 2015 - Diversity in Engineering Education: An Opportunity to Face the New Trends of Engineering, SEFI 2015 | Year: 2015

In this research it has been found out that there is a good entrepreneurial potential available. A big part of students would like to have more information about the entrepreneurship. Many of them have been thinking of entrepreneurship as a career option. It is obvious that all students will not come to the profession of an entrepreneur after their graduation. Still, there are many students who are interested in it and willing to learn more about entrepreneurship. This positive attitude is really valuable for the nation because entrepreneurs are the ones who can achieve more assets for their region. These people should be recognized and activated to study entrepreneurial skills. This should be taken into consideration while developing the education of engineers. It is crucial that the management of the university is aware about that and willing to make effort to acquire the right type of teachers and directing the curriculum and teaching methods convenient for the purpose. There are evidences that entrepreneurially educated students want to work in SMEs and are setting up businesses of their own more than those who do not have the equal education, as mentioned in other researches as well. An engineer educated in entrepreneurial way is quicker ready to start a business of his/her own because it requires wide understanding about the circumstances where an enterprise is acting. Also, it requires a wide variety of skills to start and run a profitable business which is able to compete globally. During his 30 years of experience in the engineering education at the university of applied sciences, the writer has noticed that the entrepreneurship arises every now and then and becomes popular in the development of the curriculum. When and why, depends on the thoughts of the current management and the economical atmosphere and discussion in the society around. When savings are needed, the entrepreneurship is suffering because the focus is then set on pure technology. In the last years the entrepreneurship has been in the focus of the strategy of the university. The real execution has caused resistance among the elder teachers whose background is in bigger companies and purely in design and technology, not having any entrepreneurial background. This phenomenon has been presented by Zappe & al. as well [12]. In many quarters there are positive attitudes to achieve entrepreneurship among the engineers. The society around needs more working places, more tax incomes, more export and above all, enterprises that are the only actors to achieve the possibility for those. The strategic objective of the Oulu University of Applied Science includes entrepreneurship. There are good possibilities to widen and sharpen the entrepreneurial education of engineers.

Oulu University of Applied Sciences | Date: 2015-07-22

Periodontal probe (1) for measuring the depth of a gum pocket, said periodontal probe (1) comprising a handle portion (2), a probe portion (3), a passage extending from the handle portion (2) through the probe portion (3), measuring means (5) extending in the passage (4) inside the periodontal probe (1) from the handle portion (2) through the probe portion (3) and at least partly outside of the probe portion (3) such that a part of the measuring means (5) outside of the probe portion (3) is to be inserted in the gum pocket, said measuring means (5) are arranged movably in relation to the passage (4). The periodontal probe comprises further a magnet (7) arranged at least partly inside the periodontal probe (1) for providing a force to the measuring means (5), and a sensor (8) for measuring the movement of said measuring means (5) within the passage (4).

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