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Naruto, Japan

Tsugehara T.,Kobe University | Imai T.,Otsuka AgriTechno Co. | Takeda M.,Kobe University
Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - C Toxicology and Pharmacology | Year: 2013

Arylalkylamine N-acetyltransferase (AANAT; EC 2.3.1.87) catalyzes the N-acetylation of arylalkylamines. A cDNA encoding AANAT (ApAANAT) was cloned from Antheraea pernyi by PCR. The cDNA of 1966 bp encodes a 261 amino acid protein. The amino acid sequence was found to have a high homology with Bombyx mori AANAT (BmNAT) but had very low homology with vertebrate AANATs. Amino acid sequence analysis revealed that four insect AANATs cloned from three species including ApAANAT formed a distinct cluster from the vertebrate group. A recombinant ApAANAT protein was expressed in Sf9 cells using a baculovirus expression system, having AANAT activity. The transformed cell extract acetylated tryptamine, serotonin, dopamine, tyramine, octopamine and norepinephrine. The AANAT activity was inhibited at over 0.03 mM tryptamine. Although insect AANATs have been considered as a target of insecticide, this type of insecticide has never been developed. Screening a chemical library of Otsuka Chemical Co.; Ltd.; we found a novel compound and its derivatives that inhibited the AANAT activity of ApAANAT. This may facilitate investigation of the monoamine metabolic pathway in insects and the development of new types of insecticides and inhibitors of AANATs. © 2012 Elsevier Inc. Source


An object of the present invention is to provide a novel fungicide having an excellent fungicidal activity. The compound used as the fungicide of the present invention is an ethynylphenylamidine compound or a salt thereof, the compound being represented by Formula (1): wherein R


The present invention provides an animal ectoparasite-controlling agent and a method for preventing or treating infection in animals caused by parasites by using the controlling agent. An animal ectoparasite-controlling agent exhibiting excellent insecticidal activity, and a method for preventing or treating infection in animals caused by parasites by using the controlling agent are obtained by using a compound having a pyrazole ring at the 4-position of the piperidine ring as an active ingredient.


An object of the present invention is to provide a novel fungicide having an excellent fungicidal activity. The compound used as the fungicide of the present invention is an ethynylphenylamidine compound or a salt thereof, the compound being represented by Formula (1): wherein R


Ohta H.,Kumamoto University | Oshiumi H.,Kumamoto University | Hayashi N.,Otsuka AgriTechno Co. | Imai T.,Otsuka AgriTechno Co. | And 3 more authors.
Bioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry | Year: 2012

Octopamine receptors are attractive insecticide targets. To screen compounds acting at octopamine receptors simply and rapidly, we constructed a chemiluminescent reporter gene assay system that detects secreted placental alkaline phosphatase transcriptionally regulated by the cAMP response element for a silkworm octopamine receptor. This system proved useful in high-throughput screening to develop octopamine receptor-specific insecticides. Source

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