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Li G.,Otolaryngology Major Disease Research Key Laboratory of Hunan Province | Liu Y.,Otolaryngology Major Disease Research Key Laboratory of Hunan Province | Su Z.,Otolaryngology Major Disease Research Key Laboratory of Hunan Province | Ren S.,Otolaryngology Major Disease Research Key Laboratory of Hunan Province | And 3 more authors.
European Journal of Cancer

Purpose Radioresistance severely restricts the clinical treatment of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Accumulating evidence demonstrates that aberrant expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) contributes to cancer progression and sensitivity to radiation. Therefore, we aimed to identify miRNAs associated with radioresistance in NPC. Methods Aberrant miRNA-324-3p expression in NPC CNE-2 cells with radioresistance (CNE-2-Rs), compared to its parental cells, was screened by high-throughput sequencing technology and determined by quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis (qRT-PCR) analysis. Bioinformatic analysis was used to predict the downstream target genes of miRNA-324-3p. Then, functional and mechanical analyses of miRNA-324-3p in NPC radioresistance were performed by overexpression and down-regulation of miRNA-324-3p in CNE-2-Rs cells and its parental cells. Finally, the clinical significance of miRNA-324-3p and WNT2B was investigated in NPC tissues. Results Our data reveal that the expression of miRNA-324-3p is significantly decreased in CNE-2-Rs cells compared to its parental cells, and WNT2B is predicted to be the downstream target of miRNA-324-3p. Both overexpression and down-regulation of miRNA-324-3p following irradiation result in radiosensitivity alterations and protein changes of WNT2B signalling pathway in CNE-2-Rs cells and its parental cells. Importantly, down-regulation of miRNA-324-3p and up-regulation of WNT2B are significantly correlated with advanced clinical stages of NPC and this inverse expression pattern is also observed in NPC tissues before and after irradiation. Conclusions The present study reveals that miRNA-324-3p contributes to the radioresistance of NPC by regulating the WNT2B signalling pathway. Both miRNA-324-3p and WNT2B are potential biomarkers for radioresistance in NPC, which may serve as valuable targets for reversing radioresistance in the management of NPC. © 2013 Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

Zhu G.,Central South University | Zhu G.,Otolaryngology Major Disease Research Key Laboratory of Hunan Province | Liu L.,Central South University | Liu L.,University of South China | And 20 more authors.

Aim: Overexpression of histone demethylase PHF8 has been reported to function as an oncoprotein in many cancers; however, the implications of PHF8 involvement in laryngeal and hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LHSCC) remain unclear. This study aims to explore the expression of PHF8 and its clinical significance in LHSCC. Materials & methods: Western blotting and immunohistochemistry were performed to evaluate PHF8 protein expression in fresh and archived LHSCC samples. Global expressions of H3K27 and H3K9 methylation were analyzed in a cell line with PHF8 siRNA treatment. Results & conclusion: In our study, PHF8 was upregulated in fresh LHSCC tissues. Immunohistochemical staining revealed that the expression of PHF8 was positively associated with T classification, clinical stage, primary tumor position and tumor relapse. Survival analysis demonstrated that high PHF8 expression was significantly associated with shorter overall survival and disease-free survival. Moreover, PHF8 regulates the levels of H3K9me2 and H3K27me2 in LHSCC. Taken together, PHF8 might be a novel prognostic marker for this disease. © 2015 Future Medicine Ltd. Source

Tan P.,Central South University | Tan P.,Otolaryngology Major Disease Research Key Laboratory of Hunan Province | Liu Y.,Central South University | Liu Y.,Otolaryngology Major Disease Research Key Laboratory of Hunan Province | And 15 more authors.
Oncology Letters

EphA2 is frequently overexpressed and functionally altered in a variety of human cancers. However, its roles in human nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) remain unclear. To investigate the roles of EphA2 in the development and progression of NPC, we initially evaluated the expression pattern of EphA2 protein in NPC tissues using western blotting and CCK-8 assay. Fluorescence-activated cell sorting analysis and invasion assay were conducted to observe the effects of EphA2 inhibition in vivo. Our results demonstrated that EphA2 was overexpressed in NPC specimens and the expression of EphA2 was significantly associated with T classification, advanced clinical stage and lymph node metastasis. Moreover, human NPC 5-8F cells were infected with lentiviral vector-mediated EphA2-specific shRNA, which resulted in the significant inhibition of cell growth, invasion of 5-8F cells and markedly enhanced the sensitivity of 5-8F cells to the chemotherapeutic agent paclitaxel in vitro. Collectively, our results demonstrate that EphA2 is involved in malignant cell behavior and is a potential therapeutic target in human NPC. © 2012 Spandidos Publications Ltd. Source

Liu Y.,Central South University | Liu Y.,Otolaryngology Major Disease Research Key Laboratory of Hunan Province | Yu C.,Central South University | Yu C.,Otolaryngology Major Disease Research Key Laboratory of Hunan Province | And 9 more authors.
Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology

Purpose Our previous study has revealed that EphA2 overexpression is signiWcantly associated with aggressive behavior and poor prognosis in patients with squamous-cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN). However, the function of EphA2 in tumorigenesis and cervical lymph node metastasis of SCCHN has never been elucidated in vivo. Methods EphA2 was knocked down in SCCHN cell lines. CCK-8 assays, Xuorescence-activated cell sorting analysis, invasion and migration assays were performed in vitro. In vivo tumorigenicity assays were performed, and the impact on cervical lymph node metastasis was evaluated. Results The present investigation demonstrated that suppression of EphA2 resulted in a signiWcant inhibition of proliferation, migration, invasion of SCCHN cells in vitro and markedly diminished their tumorigenicity and lymph node metastasis in vivo. Conclusions These results suggest that EphA2 plays a critical role in SCCHN growth and metastasis and may be a promising therapeutic target to prevent the progression of SCCHN. © 2011 Springer-Verlag. Source

Zhu G.,Central South University | Zhu G.,Otolaryngology Major Disease Research Key Laboratory of Hunan Province | Cai G.,Fujian Medical University | Liu Y.,Central South University | And 19 more authors.
Journal of Cancer

To date, no effective therapeutic treatments have been developed for hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (HPSCC), a disease that has a five-year survival rate of approximately 31% because of its late diagnosis and aggressive nature. Despite recent improvements in diagnostic methods, there are no effective measures to prevent or detect HPSCC in an early stage. The goal of the current study was to identify molecular biomarkers and networks that can facilitate the speedy identification of HPSCC patients who could benefit from individualized treatment. Isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification (iTRAQ) labeling was employed with two-dimensional liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry to identify quantitatively the differentially expressed proteins among three types of HPSCC disease stages. The iTRAQ results were evaluated by literature searches and western blot analysis. For example, FUBP1, one of 412 proteins with significantly altered expression profiles, was confirmed to have elevated expression in fresh HPSCC tissues. Integrin-mediated cell matrix adhesion and actin filament-inducing cytoskeleton remodeling were the cellular events that were the most relevant to HPSCC tumorigenesis and the metastatic process. The construction of transcriptional regulation networks led to the identification of key transcriptional regulators of tumor development and lymph node metastasis of HPSCC, including Sp1, c-Myc and p53. Additionally, our study indicated that the interactions among Sp1, c-Myc and p53 may play vital roles in the carcinogenesis and metastasis of HPSCC. © Ivyspring International Publisher. Source

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