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Zhu G.,Central South University | Zhu G.,Otolaryngology Major Disease Research Key Laboratory of Hunan Province | Liu L.,Central South University | Liu L.,University of South China | And 20 more authors.
Epigenomics | Year: 2015

Aim: Overexpression of histone demethylase PHF8 has been reported to function as an oncoprotein in many cancers; however, the implications of PHF8 involvement in laryngeal and hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LHSCC) remain unclear. This study aims to explore the expression of PHF8 and its clinical significance in LHSCC. Materials & methods: Western blotting and immunohistochemistry were performed to evaluate PHF8 protein expression in fresh and archived LHSCC samples. Global expressions of H3K27 and H3K9 methylation were analyzed in a cell line with PHF8 siRNA treatment. Results & conclusion: In our study, PHF8 was upregulated in fresh LHSCC tissues. Immunohistochemical staining revealed that the expression of PHF8 was positively associated with T classification, clinical stage, primary tumor position and tumor relapse. Survival analysis demonstrated that high PHF8 expression was significantly associated with shorter overall survival and disease-free survival. Moreover, PHF8 regulates the levels of H3K9me2 and H3K27me2 in LHSCC. Taken together, PHF8 might be a novel prognostic marker for this disease. © 2015 Future Medicine Ltd.


Liu Y.,Central South University | Liu Y.,Otolaryngology Major Disease Research Key Laboratory of Hunan Province | Yu C.,Central South University | Yu C.,Otolaryngology Major Disease Research Key Laboratory of Hunan Province | And 9 more authors.
Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology | Year: 2012

Purpose Our previous study has revealed that EphA2 overexpression is signiWcantly associated with aggressive behavior and poor prognosis in patients with squamous-cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN). However, the function of EphA2 in tumorigenesis and cervical lymph node metastasis of SCCHN has never been elucidated in vivo. Methods EphA2 was knocked down in SCCHN cell lines. CCK-8 assays, Xuorescence-activated cell sorting analysis, invasion and migration assays were performed in vitro. In vivo tumorigenicity assays were performed, and the impact on cervical lymph node metastasis was evaluated. Results The present investigation demonstrated that suppression of EphA2 resulted in a signiWcant inhibition of proliferation, migration, invasion of SCCHN cells in vitro and markedly diminished their tumorigenicity and lymph node metastasis in vivo. Conclusions These results suggest that EphA2 plays a critical role in SCCHN growth and metastasis and may be a promising therapeutic target to prevent the progression of SCCHN. © 2011 Springer-Verlag.


Zhu G.,Central South University | Zhu G.,Otolaryngology Major Disease Research Key Laboratory of Hunan Province | Cai G.,Fujian Medical University | Liu Y.,Central South University | And 19 more authors.
Journal of Cancer | Year: 2014

To date, no effective therapeutic treatments have been developed for hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (HPSCC), a disease that has a five-year survival rate of approximately 31% because of its late diagnosis and aggressive nature. Despite recent improvements in diagnostic methods, there are no effective measures to prevent or detect HPSCC in an early stage. The goal of the current study was to identify molecular biomarkers and networks that can facilitate the speedy identification of HPSCC patients who could benefit from individualized treatment. Isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification (iTRAQ) labeling was employed with two-dimensional liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry to identify quantitatively the differentially expressed proteins among three types of HPSCC disease stages. The iTRAQ results were evaluated by literature searches and western blot analysis. For example, FUBP1, one of 412 proteins with significantly altered expression profiles, was confirmed to have elevated expression in fresh HPSCC tissues. Integrin-mediated cell matrix adhesion and actin filament-inducing cytoskeleton remodeling were the cellular events that were the most relevant to HPSCC tumorigenesis and the metastatic process. The construction of transcriptional regulation networks led to the identification of key transcriptional regulators of tumor development and lymph node metastasis of HPSCC, including Sp1, c-Myc and p53. Additionally, our study indicated that the interactions among Sp1, c-Myc and p53 may play vital roles in the carcinogenesis and metastasis of HPSCC. © Ivyspring International Publisher.


Su Z.,Central South University | Su Z.,Otolaryngology Major Disease Research Key Laboratory of Hunan Province | Li G.,Central South University | Li G.,Otolaryngology Major Disease Research Key Laboratory of Hunan Province | And 10 more authors.
Oncology Reports | Year: 2016

Post-irradiation residual mass and recurrence always suggest a worse prognosis for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Our study aimed to investigate the malignant behaviors of post-irradiation residual NPC cells, to identify the potential underlying mechanisms and to search for appropriate bio-targets to overcome this malignancy. Two NPC cell lines were firstly exposed to 60 Gy irradiation, and residual cells were collected. In our previous study, colony formation assay detected the radioresistance of these cells. Here, the CCK-8 assay examined the cell sensitivity to paclitaxel and cisplatin. Wound-healing and Transwell assays were performed to investigate cell motility and invasion capabilities. Inverted phase-contrast microscopy was used to observe and photograph the morphology of cells. Expression levels of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-related proteins were detected by western blot assay in NPC cells and tissues. The mRNA levels of cancer stem cell (CSC)-related genes were detected via qRT-PCR. The results revealed that residual NPC cells exhibited enhanced radioresistance and cross-resistance to paclitaxel and cisplatin. Higher capacities of invasion and migration were also observed. An elongated morphology with pseudopodia formation and broadening in the intercellular space was observed in the residual cells. Downregulation of E-cadherin and upregulation of vimentin were detected in the residual NPC cells and tissues. CSC-related Lgr5 and c-myc were significantly upregulated in the CNE-2-Rs and 6-10B-Rs radioresistance cells. Higher proportions of Lgr5+ cells were observed in radioresistant cells via immunofluorescent staining and flow cytometry. In conclusion, our study demonstrated that residual NPC cells had an advanced malignant transition and presented with both EMT and a CSC phenotype. This provides a possible clue and treatment strategy for advanced and residual NPC. © 2016, Spandidos Publications. All rights reserved.


Tan P.,Central South University | Tan P.,Otolaryngology Major Disease Research Key Laboratory of Hunan Province | Liu Y.,Central South University | Liu Y.,Otolaryngology Major Disease Research Key Laboratory of Hunan Province | And 15 more authors.
Oncology Letters | Year: 2012

EphA2 is frequently overexpressed and functionally altered in a variety of human cancers. However, its roles in human nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) remain unclear. To investigate the roles of EphA2 in the development and progression of NPC, we initially evaluated the expression pattern of EphA2 protein in NPC tissues using western blotting and CCK-8 assay. Fluorescence-activated cell sorting analysis and invasion assay were conducted to observe the effects of EphA2 inhibition in vivo. Our results demonstrated that EphA2 was overexpressed in NPC specimens and the expression of EphA2 was significantly associated with T classification, advanced clinical stage and lymph node metastasis. Moreover, human NPC 5-8F cells were infected with lentiviral vector-mediated EphA2-specific shRNA, which resulted in the significant inhibition of cell growth, invasion of 5-8F cells and markedly enhanced the sensitivity of 5-8F cells to the chemotherapeutic agent paclitaxel in vitro. Collectively, our results demonstrate that EphA2 is involved in malignant cell behavior and is a potential therapeutic target in human NPC. © 2012 Spandidos Publications Ltd.


Liu Y.,Central South University | Liu Y.,Otolaryngology Major Disease Research Key Laboratory of Hunan Province | Su Z.,Central South University | Su Z.,Otolaryngology Major Disease Research Key Laboratory of Hunan Province | And 15 more authors.
International Journal of Cancer | Year: 2013

Metadherin (MTDH) is involved in tumourigenesis and cancer progression in multiple human malignancies. However, the MTDH protein has rarely been reported in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC). The expression pattern of the MTDH protein in 176 primary archival LSCC and 27 corresponding adjacent noncarcinoma specimens was detected by immunohistochemistry and further correlated with clinicopathological parameters. The results demonstrated that 161 (91.48%) primary LSCC samples stained positive for MTDH; however, staining was barely detectable in all adjacent noncarcinoma samples. Moreover, the expression of the MTDH protein was significantly associated with the primary tumour site (p = 0.021), T classification (p = 0.002), clinical stage (I + II/III + IV; p < 0.001), lymph node metastasis (p < 0.001) and postoperational recurrence (p < 0.001). Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that MTDH expression was significantly associated with worse disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) rates in patients with LSCC (both p < 0.001). When lymph node metastasis and MTDH expression were considered together, patients with lymph node metastasis and high MTDH expression had both poorer DFS and OS rates than others (both p < 0.001). Finally, multivariate analysis demonstrated that MTDH expression was an independent prognostic factor for both DFS and OS rates in patients with LSCC. Strong MTDH expression was negatively correlated with a canonical epithelial-mesenchymal transition molecule E-cadherin (p < 0.001) and positively associated with proangiogenic protein vascular endothelial growth factor (p < 0.001). MTDH overexpression was tightly associated with more aggressive tumour behaviour and a poor prognosis, indicating that MTDH is a valuable molecular biomarker for LSCC progression. What's new? The cell-surface protein Metadherin (MTDH) is involved in tumorigenesis and progression in many malignancies. In this study, the authors found that MTDH overexpression correlated with more aggressive tumors and poor prognosis in patients with laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC). Expression levels of MTDH may thus provide a useful new prognostic biomarker for metastasis and recurrence, and may aid in the planning of treatment strategies following tumor resection. Copyright © 2013 UICC.


Yu C.,Central South University | Yu C.,Otolaryngology Major Disease Research Key Laboratory of Hunan Province | Liu Y.,Central South University | Liu Y.,Otolaryngology Major Disease Research Key Laboratory of Hunan Province | And 16 more authors.
Cancer Letters | Year: 2014

Our recent study suggested that metadherin (MTDH) is overexpressed in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma. Here, we further investigated its role in promoting metastasis of squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN). An immunohistochemistry analysis demonstrated that MTDH is elevated and positively correlated with metastasis in 189 primary SCCHN tissues. In vitro experiments demonstrated that MTDH overexpression enhanced the migratory and invasive ability of SCCHN cells. Moreover, MTDH induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) by both regulating morphological changes and mediating the expression of the biomolecular makers E-cadherin and vimentin. In addition, MTDH mediated AKT activation, and all of the above effects were nearly completely blocked by the inhibition of AKT. Our results suggested that MTDH might promote the metastasis of SCCHN through AKT signalling pathway mediated-EMT. © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.


Li G.,Otolaryngology Major Disease Research Key Laboratory of Hunan Province | Liu Y.,Otolaryngology Major Disease Research Key Laboratory of Hunan Province | Su Z.,Otolaryngology Major Disease Research Key Laboratory of Hunan Province | Ren S.,Otolaryngology Major Disease Research Key Laboratory of Hunan Province | And 3 more authors.
European Journal of Cancer | Year: 2013

Purpose Radioresistance severely restricts the clinical treatment of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Accumulating evidence demonstrates that aberrant expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) contributes to cancer progression and sensitivity to radiation. Therefore, we aimed to identify miRNAs associated with radioresistance in NPC. Methods Aberrant miRNA-324-3p expression in NPC CNE-2 cells with radioresistance (CNE-2-Rs), compared to its parental cells, was screened by high-throughput sequencing technology and determined by quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis (qRT-PCR) analysis. Bioinformatic analysis was used to predict the downstream target genes of miRNA-324-3p. Then, functional and mechanical analyses of miRNA-324-3p in NPC radioresistance were performed by overexpression and down-regulation of miRNA-324-3p in CNE-2-Rs cells and its parental cells. Finally, the clinical significance of miRNA-324-3p and WNT2B was investigated in NPC tissues. Results Our data reveal that the expression of miRNA-324-3p is significantly decreased in CNE-2-Rs cells compared to its parental cells, and WNT2B is predicted to be the downstream target of miRNA-324-3p. Both overexpression and down-regulation of miRNA-324-3p following irradiation result in radiosensitivity alterations and protein changes of WNT2B signalling pathway in CNE-2-Rs cells and its parental cells. Importantly, down-regulation of miRNA-324-3p and up-regulation of WNT2B are significantly correlated with advanced clinical stages of NPC and this inverse expression pattern is also observed in NPC tissues before and after irradiation. Conclusions The present study reveals that miRNA-324-3p contributes to the radioresistance of NPC by regulating the WNT2B signalling pathway. Both miRNA-324-3p and WNT2B are potential biomarkers for radioresistance in NPC, which may serve as valuable targets for reversing radioresistance in the management of NPC. © 2013 Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Li G.,Central South University | Li G.,Otolaryngology Major Disease Research Key Laboratory of Hunan Province | Qiu Y.,Central South University | Qiu Y.,Otolaryngology Major Disease Research Key Laboratory of Hunan Province | And 10 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

Background: Rapidly growing evidence suggests that microRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in a wide range of cancer malignant behaviours including radioresistance. Therefore, the present study was designed to investigate miRNA expression patterns associated with radioresistance in NPC. Methods: The differential expression profiles of miRNAs and mRNAs associated with NPC radioresistance were constructed. The predicted target mRNAs of miRNAs and their enriched signaling pathways were analyzed via biological informatical algorithms. Finally, partial miRNAs and pathways-correlated target mRNAs were validated in two NPC radioreisitant cell models. Results: 50 known and 9 novel miRNAs with significant difference were identified, and their target mRNAs were narrowed down to 53 nasopharyngeal-/NPC-specific mRNAs. Subsequent KEGG analyses demonstrated that the 53 mRNAs were enriched in 37 signaling pathways. Further qRT-PCR assays confirmed 3 down-regulated miRNAs (miR-324-3p, miR-93-3p and miR-4501), 3 up-regulated miRNAs (miR-371a-5p, miR-34c-5p and miR-1323) and 2 novel miRNAs. Additionally, corresponding alterations of pathways-correlated target mRNAs were observed including 5 up-regulated mRNAs (ICAM1, WNT2B, MYC, HLA-F and TGF-β1) and 3 down-regulated mRNAs (CDH1, PTENP1 and HSP90AA1). Conclusions: Our study provides an overview of miRNA expression profile and the interactions between miRNA and their target mRNAs, which will deepen our understanding of the important roles of miRNAs in NPC radioresistance. © 2013 Li et al.


Li G.,Central South University | Li G.,Otolaryngology Major Disease Research Key Laboratory of Hunan Province | Wang Y.,Central South University | Wang Y.,Otolaryngology Major Disease Research Key Laboratory of Hunan Province | And 16 more authors.
Cancer Science | Year: 2014

Aberrant microRNA (miRNA) expression contributes to a series of malignant cancer behaviors, including radioresistance. Our previous study showed differential expression of miR-185-3p in post-radiation nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) cells. To investigate the role of miR-185-3p in NPC radioresistance, CNE-2 and 5-8F cells were transfected with miR-185-3p mimic and miR-185-3p inhibitor, respectively. CCK-8 assay and colony formation experiment confirmed that the expression of miR-185-3p affected the radioresistance of NPC cells. A negative correlation between miR-185-3p and WNT2B expression was observed in NPC cells and tissues. Luciferase reporter assays confirmed that miR-185-3p directly targeted the coding region of WNT2B. Furthermore, we found radioresistance decreased in WNT2B-silenced NPC cells. Activation of the WNT2B/β-catenin pathway was accompanied by epithelial-mesenchymal transition biomarker changes in NPC. We concluded that miR-185-3p contributed to the radioresistance of NPC via modulation of WNT2B expression in vitro. miR-185-3p contributed to the radioresistance of NPC via modulation of WNT2B expression in vitro. © 2014 Japanese Cancer Association10512 December 2014 10.1111/cas.12555 Original Article ORIGINAL ARTICLES CELL, MOLECULAR, AND STEM CELL BIOLOGY © 2014 The Authors. Cancer Science published by Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd on behalf of Japanese Cancer Association..

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