Li F.,Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery Research Institute |
Chen C.,Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery Research Institute |
Chen S.-M.,Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery Research Institute |
Chen S.-M.,Renmin University of China |
And 3 more authors.
Oncology Reports | Year: 2016
It is well known that crucifers have antitumor effects and 3,3'-diindolylmethane (DIM) is one of the major bioactive components, and the associated molecular mechanisms in a short-term high-dose manner are widely discussed. However the antitumor effects of DIM in a long-term low-dose manner in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) has not been reported yet, as to the potential mechanisms in the human body. In the present study, NPC cells were induced by 20 mol/l DIM for over a month, and the proliferation, apoptosis, migration and in vivo metastasis were investigated. The results showed that DIM significantly reduced the proliferation and migration; however, changes in apoptosis were not observed. In vivo study showed the metastasis was significantly reduced. Compared to the short-term high-dose manner, incomplete similar qualities were observed; next we explored the possible signal pathway revolved, the ERK signaling showed similar changes, while the PI3K/Akt, NF-B, P38, JNK pathways were significantly altered in the short-term high-dose manner (our previous study) showed no obvious change, indicating the ERK signaling may be the main effector of DIM.