Kita-ku, Japan
Kita-ku, Japan

Ōtani University is a private Buddhist university located in Kita-ku, Kyoto, Japan. Ōtani University is a coeducation institution with an emphasis on Buddhist studies. A two year private junior college is associated with the university. The university is associated with the Ōtani School of Jōdo Shinshū, or Shin, school of Buddhism. Wikipedia.

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Sugiyama S.,Ritsumeikan University | Ikuta A.,Otani University | Shibata M.,Otani University
2010 International Conference on Computer Information Systems and Industrial Management Applications, CISIM 2010 | Year: 2010

This paper describes a new additional function for enhanced viewing of electronic text by using the "Magnifying And Simplifying System for Text EXTension (MaSSTExt)" that we had already proposed. The MaSSTExt has the operational feeling like a map system displayed on a web browser. No link buttons are used for changing to other pages in this system because it is created by using Ajax. So, it allows us to display long text files in only a window with seamlessly expansion/reduction and display/not-display from index to body or annotation data. Using this system, footnotes, references, tables and figures on a document can be located at optimal positions. However, there is a problem that two distant paragraphs cannot be placed side by side for comparing them. To cope with the difficulty, a new function "Wheel Action for Reeling Paragraphs (WaRP)" is added in the MaSSTExt. Using the WaRP, reading users can set a fixed paragraph and can reel other distant paragraphs located at the upper or lower part of the fixed paragraph. As a result, two distant paragraphs can be placed side by side easily. Simulation software the MaSSTExt with the WaRP and the effectiveness of our research are shown. ©2010 IEEE.

Sugiyama S.,Otani University | Yokozawa D.,Otani University | Ikuta A.,Otani University | Hiratsuka S.,Ritsumeikan University | And 2 more authors.
Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) | Year: 2015

In this research, a new layout style, ‘Nodes of Effects and/or Way through for TYing Particular Elements (NeWTYPe)’, for displaying genealogy with assisted reproductive technologies (ART) that include a sperm/ovum donor and/or a surrogate mother using our WHIteBasE method is proposed. The NeWTYPe is a node with symbols; ‘Arrow’, ‘Pipe’, and ‘Arrow and Pipe’. Using the NeWTYPe, complex relations of the ART can be understood easily. Note that previous WHIteBasE method has perfectly been able to integrate each relation that includes a married couple and their children, and has been able to display complex relations with segment intersections and various layout styles easily, and also, our JaBBRoW method for abbreviating some jointed relations on the WHIteBasE has been proposed. As a result, displaying both regular complex genealogy and the ART can be realized simultaneously. Our improved software that can display the NeWTYPe automatically and seamlessly by only mouse operations is presented. © IFIP International Federation for Information Processing 2015.

Takahashi M.,Japan Society for the Promotion of Science | Takahashi M.,Otani University | Ueno Y.,Kyoto University | Fujita K.,Kyoto University
Journal of Comparative Psychology | Year: 2015

Four species (capuchin monkeys, tree shrews, rats, and hamsters) performed an inference task situated in a social context. In Experiment 1, capuchin monkeys first explored food sites under 1 of 2 conditions: In 1 condition, food was refilled after it was eaten (replenished condition), whereas it was not refilled (depleted condition) in the other condition. Two food sites were presented for each condition. In the test phase, a subject watched a conspecific demonstrator visit 1 of the food sites in either the replenished or depleted condition. A screen placed in front of the sites prevented the subject from seeing the demonstrator actually eat the food. When the demonstrator was removed, the subject explored the cage. Three of 4 monkeys tended to go to the unvisited sites in the depleted condition, but tended to go to the visited site in the replenished condition. This suggests that they inferred that there was no food because the demonstrator had eaten it. In Experiment 2, using the same procedure, 2 nongroup-living species (tree shrews and hamsters) were indifferent to demonstrator behavior and visited sites only randomly, and group-living rats showed a strong tendency to follow demonstrators, irrespective of the type of food site. These tendencies were unchanged when olfactory information was added in Experiment 3 and when motivation to compete increased in Experiment 4. These results suggest that only capuchin monkeys have the ability to solve an inference task when cued by social information. © 2015 American Psychological Association.

Nakayama K.,Tsuda College | Sakai E.,Otani University
Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Software Engineering and Service Sciences, ICSESS | Year: 2014

For a software engineer, well-organized source code conveys the intention of the authors, as if it were an informal specification. An experienced engineer often grasps the 'pseudo' meaning of source code first by identifying semantic chunks of various granularities in it, then by weaving them into a hypothetically consistent semantics. We call the specific part in source code that realizes a semantic chunk a code pattern. Tool support for locating already defined code pattern would help engineer's understanding, but it has been practically difficult. One reason is that a code pattern may appear as a lot of slightly different variations. This becomes an obstacle to define a code pattern. In this paper, a framework for an implicit representation of a code pattern is presented. In the framework, a code pattern is defined by an enumeration of instances which is tagged either 'positive' of 'negative' by a human. From these sets, the system incrementally infers a hypothetical explicit (syntactic) definition of the code pattern. Each instance is represented as an anchored AST (abstract syntax tree. An anchored AST is an AST with a tuple of AST nodes of interest. © 2014 IEEE.

Nakayama K.,Tsuda College | Sakai E.,Otani University | Kobayakawa M.,Tokyo Metropolitan College of Industrial Technology
Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications | Year: 2014

There are semantic chunks and relations (code patterns) of various granularities in source code. Since a code pattern is closely tied to a unit of understanding by a programmer, searching specific code pattern through unfamiliar souce code would help understanding the code. Conventional string search tools, however, are not suitable for this purpose because, for instance, they do not assume the syntax of a programming language. In this paper, a tool for search-by-example through abstract syntax tree is presented. A programmer gives sets of desired and undesired nodes, then the system presents some candidate nodes resembling desired ones. The method is supervised incremental learning of decision trees. © 2014 The authors and IOS Press. All rights reserved.

Zaw K.,University of Tasmania | Meffre S.,University of Tasmania | Takai M.,Kyoto University | Suzuki H.,Otani University | And 7 more authors.
Gondwana Research | Year: 2014

The Late Middle Eocene Pondaung Formation, central Myanmar hosts the richest deposit of terrestrial mammals in SE Asia. The Pondaung Formation contains anthropoid primates, such as Eosimiidae, Amphipithecidae and the new Afrotarsiidae, plus adapiform primates and is a critical locality in discussions on anthropoid origins and biogeography. The sands of the Pondaung Formation were derived from the erosional unroofing of a dissected andesitic volcanic arc and deposited on the forested floodplains of a large tropical river. Previously, the age of the Pondaung Formation was estimated to be Middle to Late Eocene based on stratigraphic evidence, Late Middle Eocene (Bartonian) based on comparisons with mammals from North America and Europe, 37.2. ±. 1.3. Ma and 38.8. ±. 1.4. Ma based on fission track dating and 37.4-37.0. Ma based on questionable magnetostratigraphic correlations. Here, we report a new LA-ICP-MS, U-Pb age for zircons from a tuffaceous bed in the Pondaung Formation of 40.31. ±. 0.65. Ma and 40.22. ±. 0.86. Ma which is slightly older than the debatable magnetostratigraphic ages of 37-36. Ma and 38-39. Ma for the anthropoids from Egypt and Libya. Pending the acquisition of similarly reliable radiometric dates from all the North African and Asian sites, this new date provides support for an Asian origin for the anthropoids. Our new dates are close to the molecular clock date for the origin of the anthropoid primates and may provide a reliable calibration point for the molecular phylogenetic method. © 2013 International Association for Gondwana Research.

Sugiyama S.,Ritsumeikan University | Ikuta A.,Otani University | Yokozawa D.,Otani University | Shibata M.,Otani University | Matsuura T.,Hokkaido University
Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) | Year: 2013

In this research, needs of displaying genealogy with various family relations are described and those solutions using our WHIteBasE method are proposed. Previous WHIteBasE method has perfectly been able to integrate each relation that includes a married couple and their children, and has been able to display complex relations with segment intersections easily. It has also been added that Genealogy with Direct Segments,(DS), Genealogy with Hooked Segments,(HS) and Annotation Data Always Displayed,(ADAD). In this paper, two new functions are added to the WHIteBasE method. One is 'Genealogy with Adoptions'. Using 'Adopted Segments,(AS)', not only biological family relations but also social family relations can be displayed simultaneously. The other is 'Genealogy with Multiple Remarriages'. Using 'Double Bends,(DB)', crossing relations more than 3x3 both sexes can be displayed perfectly. Our improved software that can display AS and DB automatically and seamlessly by only mouse operation is presented. © 2013 IFIP International Federation for Information Processing.

The objective of this paper is to analyze the factors influencing the continuity of small-scale pig husbandry, which is practiced widely in hillside villages in continental Southeast Asia. For this purpose, we used the results of a case study in a hillside Hmong village in Nan province, northern Thailand. In particular, we examined the factors of continuity of small-scale pig husbandry by describing the following points: 1) the type of pigs villagers kept: 2) the type of feed given to the pigs; and 3) how the villagers used the pigs they kept. The results are outlined below. First, the main factor in the continuity of husbandry is that the villagers regularly use pigs for events with dual religious and social aspects. The religious aspect involves offering pigs in ritual sacrifice for an annual ancestor worship event while the social one is related to the use of pork in feasts for celebratory events, which play a role in reaffirming relationships with other villagers. Second, the main factor in small-scale husbandry relates to the techniques of collecting pig feed and the labor demanded for it. The number of pigs that can be kept by each household is regulated by the characteristics of freshness of plant feed, for example, banana leaves and stems, which are plentiful near the village but cannot be kept fresh for a long period of time. Therefore, villagers need to collect feed almost every day from the area around the village.

PubMed | Kochi University, The University of Shimane, Shwebo University, Otani University and 2 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Zootaxa | Year: 2015

The ostracode genus Bicornucythere (Ostracoda, Crustacea) is abundant in modern-day eutrophic marine bays, and is widely distributed in estuaries and inner bays throughout East Asia, including in China, Korea, Japan, and the Russian Far East. The evolutionary history of Bicornucythere is poorly understood. Here, we report on a new species of Bicornucythere (Bicornucythere concentrica sp. nov.) from the upper Eocene Yaw Formation in the Central Myanmar Basin. The oldest previously known Bicornucythere taxon, Bicornucythere secedens, was reported from lower Miocene strata in India, although a molecular phylogeny suggests that the genus first appeared in the Late Cretaceous. Bicornucythere concentrica sp. nov. is at least 10.9 million years older than the earliest known B. secedens. The new species occurs with Ammonia subgranulosa, a benthic foraminifer, an association that is representative of brackish water conditions in modern Asian bays. Our findings indicate that extant genera have inhabited Asian bays since the late Eocene. The paleobiogeography of Bicornucythere indicates that the taxon was dispersed onto Indian coasts during the collision between the Indian and Eurasian plates.

PubMed | Osaka University of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Osaka University, Emory University, Otani University and 2 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: The Journal of experimental medicine | Year: 2016


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