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Tedeschi A.,Ospedale Niguarda Ca Granda Milan | Ricci F.,Ospedale Niguarda Ca Granda Milan | Goldaniga M.C.,University of Milan | Benevolo G.,Azienda Ospedaliera San Giovanni Battista | And 11 more authors.
Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma and Leukemia | Year: 2013

The combination FCR (fludarabine, cyclophosphamide, and rituximab) proved to be active in Waldenström's macroglobulinemia in a mixed population of untreated and previously treated patients. Prolonged myelosuppression and concerns about purine analogue treatment led to the conclusion that this regimen should be avoided in younger patients in first-line treatment. In this retrospective study on 40 patients we observed a response rate of 80% (32) after FCR salvage treatment with 32.5% (13) of patients reaching at least a very good partial remission. None of the prognostic variables had a significant effect on response or good quality of response achievement. Median event-free survival was reached at 77 months; median progression-free survival was not reached after a median follow-up of 51 months with any difference when categorizing patients according to quality of response. The results of this study suggest that the FCR regimen might overcome poor prognostic features and should be taken into account as salvage treatment. Tardive immunosuppression and myelosuppression warrant accurate patient follow-up. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.

Chiara O.,Niguarda Trauma Center | di Fratta E.,Niguarda Trauma Center | Mariani A.,Niguarda Trauma Center | Michaela B.,Ospedale Niguarda Ca Granda Milan | And 3 more authors.
World Journal of Emergency Surgery | Year: 2016

Background: An option for emergency control of pelvic hemorrhage is Extra-peritoneal Pelvic Packing (EPP), which addresses the retroperitoneal source of exsanguination in pelvic fractures. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the efficacy of early EPP in reducing mortality due to hemorrhage from pelvic fractures, and to evaluate the impact of packing on transfusion requirements within the first 24 h and ICU length of stay (ICU-LOS). All data pertaining trauma patients admitted from October 2002 and December 2103 with hemodynamic instability and pelvic fractures were selected from the Hospital Trauma Registry. Patients with severe brain injury and bleeding from extra-pelvic sources were excluded. Patient population was divided into two groups: EPP group, including patients admitted from 2009 to 2013, with EPP as part of the treatment algorithm, and NO-EPP group, from 2002 to 2008, without EPP as atherapeutic option. Descriptive statistical analysis was performed on allpatients. Twenty-five patients of each group with similar features were matched using Propensity Score Analysis (PSA). Results: Six hundred eighty out of 4659 major trauma (14.6 %) presented a pelvic fracture. In 78 hemodynamically unstable patients (30 in EPP group,48 in NO-EPP group) the major source of bleeding was the pelvis. Among patients selected by PSA early mortality was significantly reduced in EPP group (20 vs 52 %, p = .03) compared to NO-EPP, notwithstanding similar hemodynamic impairment. No difference was observed in transfusion requirements and ICU-LOS. Conclusions: The EPP is a safe and quick procedure, able to improve hemodynamic stabilization and to reduce acute mortality due to hemorrhage in patients with pelvic fracture, in combination with optimized transfusion protocol. EPP may be useful as a bridge for time-consuming procedures, such as angio-embolization. © 2016 Chiara et al.

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