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Novara di Sicilia, Italy

D'Onofrio A.,Unita Operativa di Elettrofisiologia | Botto G.,S. Anna Hospital | Mantica M.,Ospedale S. Ambrogio | Occhetta E.,Ospedale Maggiore della Carita | And 9 more authors.
Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology | Year: 2014

Interventricular Electrical Delay Introduction The left ventricular (LV) pacing site and the magnitude of the electrical delay within the LV, as expressed by prolonged QRS duration, are major determinants of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) efficacy. We investigated the incremental value of positioning the LV lead in areas of late activation in order to enhance the response to CRT in patients with different degrees of QRS complex lengthening. Methods and Results This analysis was performed on 301 heart failure patients who received a CRT defibrillator. On implantation, the right ventricular (RV)-to-LV interval was measured as the delay between local activations recorded through the RV and LV leads in the final position. After 1 year, 171 (57%) patients displayed reverse LV remodeling, as measured by a ≥15% reduction in the LV end-systolic volume. Both the RV-to-LV interval and its percentage value corrected for the QRS duration were significantly associated with a positive response to CRT. An RV-to-LV interval >80 milliseconds and an RV-to-LV interval/QRS >58% yielded the best prediction of reverse remodeling. Although the response to CRT decreased with shorter QRS duration in the overall population, patients with an RV-to-LV interval >80 milliseconds showed a response rate >65% in all QRS subgroups. Conclusion A longer RV-to-LV interval is associated with reverse LV remodeling after CRT. On implantation attempts could be made to maximize it when selecting the LV lead position, especially in patients with shorter QRS duration, and thus less likely to respond positively to CRT. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source

Grossini E.,University of Piemonte Orientale | Caimmi P.P.,Ospedale Maggiore della Carita | Platini F.,University of Piemonte Orientale | Molinari C.,University of Piemonte Orientale | And 6 more authors.
Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy | Year: 2010

Purpose: Powerful mediators of programmed cell death, such as apoptosis and autophagy, can contribute to myocyte cell loss during pathological cardiac conditions. Levosimendan has been shown to exert beneficial hemodynamic effects in presence of global myocardial ischemia and heart failure through vasodilatation and increase of cardiac contractility. Recently, the intracoronary administration of a bolus levosimendan was found to exert favourable cardiac anti-stunning effects without lowering arterial pressure, which limits the use of levosimendan mainly in coronary artery disease. Here we tested whether the intracoronary administration of levosimendan can beneficially modulate programmed cell death in acute regional myocardial ischemia. Methods: Acute regional myocardial ischemia was induced in 20 anaesthetized pigs and intracoronary levosimendan 15 min bolus administration was started 4 h afterwards. The effects of levosimendan on coronary blood flow and cardiac function were evaluated and myocardial biopsies were examined for criteria of autophagy and apoptosis. Results: The administration of levosimendan caused a significant increase of coronary blood flow (p<0.05) in absence of changes in cardiac function. Moreover, levosimendan prevented the down-regulation of the anti-apoptotic gene, Bcl-2, and the up-regulation of the apoptotic markers Bax and cytochrome c, which resulted in a reduced expression of TUNEL fragmented nuclei (p<0.05). Furthermore, levosimendan maintained Beclin 1 at 4 h and potentiated LC3 II expression, these results being consistent with autophagy activation. Conclusions: Such effects of intracoronary levosimendan bolus administration during regional myocardial ischemia indicate the occurrence of cardio-protection by modulation of programmed form of cell death. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. Source

Moya A.,Autonomous University of Barcelona | Garcia-Civera R.,Hospital Clynico | Croci F.,Arrhythmologic Center | Brugada J.,Hospital Clinic | And 8 more authors.
European Heart Journal | Year: 2011

AimsAlthough patients with syncope and bundle branch block (BBB) are at high risk of developing atrio-ventricular block, syncope may be due to other aetiologies. We performed a prospective, observational study of the clinical outcomes of patients with syncope and BBB following a systematic diagnostic approach.Methods and resultsPatients with <1 syncope in the last 6 months, with QRS duration <120 ms, were prospectively studied following a three-phase diagnostic strategy: Phase I, initial evaluation; Phase II, electrophysiological study (EPS); and Phase III, insertion of an implantable loop recorder (ILR). Overall, 323 patients (left ventricular ejection fraction 56 ± 12) were studied. The aetiological diagnosis was established in 267 (82.7) patients (102 at initial evaluation, 113 upon EPS, and 52 upon ILR) with the following aetiologies: bradyarrhythmia (202), carotid sinus syndrome (20), ventricular tachycardia (18), neurally mediated (9), orthostatic hypotension (4), drug-induced (3), secondary to cardiopulmonary disease (2), supraventricular tachycardia (1), bradycardiatachycardia (1), and non-arrhythmic (7). A pacemaker was implanted in 220 (68.1), an implantable cardioverter defibrillator in 19 (5.8), and radiofrequency catheter ablation was performed in 3 patients. Twenty patients (6) had died at an average follow-up of 19.2 ± 8.2 months.ConclusionIn patients with syncope, BBB, and mean left ventricular ejection fraction of 56 ± 12, a systematic diagnostic approach achieves a high rate of aetiological diagnosis and allows to select specific treatment. © 2010 The Author. Source

Martino F.,Ospedale Maggiore della Carita | Malova M.,Neonatal Intensive Care Unit | Cesaretti C.,V. Buzzi Childrens Hospital | Parazzini C.,V. Buzzi Childrens Hospital | And 4 more authors.
European Radiology | Year: 2016

Objective: Prenatal features of isolated cerebellar haemorrhagic lesions have not been sufficiently characterised. We aimed to better define their MR imaging characteristics, documenting the location, extension, evolution stage and anatomic sequelae, and to better understand cerebellar haemorrhage pathophysiology. Materials and methods: We screened our foetal MR imaging database (3200 cases) for reports of haemorrhagic lesions affecting only the cerebellum (without any supratentorial bleeding or other clastic lesions), defined as one of the following: T2-weighted hypointense or mixed hypo-/hyperintense signal; rim of T2-weighted hypointense signal covering the surface of volume-reduced parenchyma; T1-weighted hyperintense signal; increased DWI signal. Results: Seventeen cases corresponded to the selection criteria. All lesions occurred before the 26th week of gestation, with prevalent origin from the peripheral-caudal portion of the hemispheres and equal frequency of unilateral/bilateral involvement. The caudal vermis appeared affected in 2/3 of cases, not in all cases confirmed postnatally. Lesions evolved towards malformed cerebellar foliation. The aetiology and pathophysiology were unknown, although in a subset of cases intra- and extracranial venous engorgement seemed to play a key role. Conclusions: Onset from the peripheral and caudal portion of the hemispheres seems characteristic of prenatal cerebellar haemorrhagic lesions. Elective involvement of the peripheral germinal matrix is hypothesised. Key Points: • The cerebellum can be vulnerable to bleeding during foetal development. • Isolated cerebellar haemorrhages can be seen on prenatal MRI. • In our cohort, isolated foetal cerebellar haemorrhages occurred before the 26th gestational week. • Haemorrhagic lesions happening in utero could look like malformations on post-natal MRI. • Venous engorgement could have a role in causing cerebellar haemorrhagic lesions. © 2015, European Society of Radiology. Source

Brignole M.,Arrhythmologic Center | Occhetta E.,Ospedale Maggiore della Carita | Bongiorni M.G.,Ospedale Cisanello | Favale S.,Ospedale Consorziale Policlinico | And 13 more authors.
Journal of the American College of Cardiology | Year: 2012

Objectives: The purpose of this study is to assess the effectiveness of defibrillation testing (DT) in patients undergoing implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) insertion. Background: Although DT is considered a standard procedure during ICD implantation, its usefulness has not been definitively proven. Methods: The SAFE-ICD (Safety of Two Strategies of ICD Management at Implantation) study is a prospective observational study designed to evaluate the outcome of 2 strategies: performing defibrillation testing (DT+) versus not performing defibrillation testing (DT-) during de novo ICD implants. No deviation from the centers' current practice was introduced. In all, 2,120 consecutive patients (836 DT+ and 1,284 DT-) age <18 years were enrolled at 41 Italian centers from April 2008 to May 2009 and followed up for 24 months until June 2011. The primary endpoint was a composite of severe complications at ICD implant and sudden cardiac death or resuscitation at 2 years. Results: The primary endpoint occurred in 34 patients: 12 intraoperative complications (8 in DT+ group; 4 in DT- group) and 22 during follow-up (10 in DT+ group; 12 in DT- group). Overall, the estimated yearly incidence (95% confidence interval) was DT+ 1.15% (0.73 to 1.83) and DT- 0.68% (0.42 to 1.12). The difference between the 2 groups was negligible: 0.47% per year (-0.15 to 1.10). Mortality from any cause was similar at 2 years (adjusted hazard ratio: 0.97 [0.76 to 1.23], p = 0.80). Conclusions: In this large cohort of new ICD implants, event rates were similar and extremely low in both groups. These data indicate a limited clinical relevance for DT testing, thus supporting a strategy of omitting DT during an ICD implant. (Safety of Two Strategies of ICD Management at Implantation [SAFE-ICD]; NCT00661037) © 2012 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Source

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