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Livorno, Italy

Pulera F.,Ospedale Civile Livorno | Vitale J.,Ospedale di Circolo
Singapore Medical Journal | Year: 2013

Frontal meningiomas may present only with psychological symptoms that resemble depression, anxiety states, hypomania and schizophrenia. Herein, we present the case of a 55-year-old man who was initially thought to have depression and bipolar disorder, but was eventually diagnosed with frontal lobe syndrome caused by a giant frontal meningioma. Source

Riva N.,University of Insubria | Bellesini M.,University of Insubria | Di Minno M.N.D.,University of Naples Federico II | Mumoli N.,Ospedale Civile Livorno | And 9 more authors.
Thrombosis and Haemostasis | Year: 2014

Bleeding is a common and feared complication of oral anticoagulant therapy. Several prediction models have been recently developed, but there is a lack of evidence in patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE). The aim of this study was to validate currently available bleeding risk scores during long-term oral anticoagulation for VTE. We retrospectively included adult patients on vitamin K antagonists for VTE secondary prevention, followed by five Italian Anticoagulation Clinics (Cuneo, Livorno, Mantova, Napoli, Varese), between January 2010 and August 2012. All bleeding events were classified as major bleeding (MB) or clinically-relevant-non-major-bleeding (CRNMB). A total of 681 patients were included (median age 63 years; 52.0% female). During a mean follow-up of 8.82 (± 3.59) months, 50 bleeding events occurred (13 MB and 37 CRNMB), for an overall bleeding incidence of 9.99/100 patient-years. The rate of bleeding was higher in the first three months of treatment (15.86/100 patient-years) than afterwards (7.13/100 patient-years). The HAS-BLED showed the best predictive value for bleeding complications during the first three months of treatment (area under the curve [AUC] 0.68, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.59–0.78), while only the ACCP score showed a modest predictive value after the initial three months (AUC 0.61, 95%CI 0.51–0.72). These two scores had also the highest sensitivity and the highest negative predictive value. None of the scores predicted MB better than chance. Currently available bleeding risk scores had only a modest predictive value for patients with VTE. Future studies should aim at the creation of a new prediction rule, in order to better define the risk of bleeding of VTE patients. © Schattauer 2014. Source

Mumoli N.,Ospedale Civile Livorno | Vitale J.,Ospedale di Circolo | Giorgi-Pierfranceschi M.,Ospedale della Val dArda | Cresci A.,Ospedale Civile Livorno | And 8 more authors.
Medicine (United States) | Year: 2016

In clinical practice lung ultrasound (LUS) is becoming an easy and reliable noninvasive tool for the evaluation of dyspnea. The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of nurse-performed LUS, in particular, in the diagnosis of acute cardiogenic pulmonary congestion. We prospectively evaluated all the consecutive patients admitted for dyspnea in our Medicine Department between April and July 2014. At admission, serum brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels and LUS was performed by trained nurses blinded to clinical and laboratory data. The accuracy of nurse-performed LUS alone and combined with BNP for the diagnosis of acute cardiogenic dyspnea was calculated. Two hundred twenty-six patients (41.6% men, mean age 78.7-12.7 years) were included in the study. Nurse-performed LUS alone had a sensitivity of 95.3% (95% CI: 92.6-98.1%), a specificity of 88.2% (95% CI: 84.0-92.4%), a positive predictive value of 87.9% (95% CI: 83.7-92.2%) and a negative predictive value of 95.5% (95% CI: 92.7-98.2%). The combination of nurse-performed LUS with BNP level (cut-off 400 pg/mL) resulted in a higher sensitivity (98.9%, 95% CI: 97.4-100%), negative predictive value (98.8%, 95% CI: 97.2-100%), and corresponding negative likelihood ratio (0.01, 95% CI: 0.0, 0.07). Nurse-performed LUS had a good accuracy in the diagnosis of acute cardiogenic dyspnea. Use of this technique in combination with BNP seems to be useful in ruling out cardiogenic dyspnea. Other studies are warranted to confirm our preliminary findings and to establish the role of this tool in other settings. Copyright © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved. Source

Mumoli N.,Ospedale Civile Livorno | Cocciolo M.,Ospedale Civile Livorno | Vitale J.,Ospedale Civile Livorno | Mantellassi M.,Ospedale Civile Livorno | And 3 more authors.
Acta Diabetologica | Year: 2014

In this retrospective analysis, we analyzed all clinical record data in our Medical Division between January 2005 and December 2006 to evaluate an association between clomipramine treatment and glucose intolerance. Of 1997 patients, 154 (7.7 %) had diabetes and 525 (26.3 %) had depression. Diabetes prevalence was significantly higher in patients treated with clomipramine than in patients not treated [odds ratio 3.9, (2.2-7.0), p < 0.00001], independently by age and BMI. A possible causal role needs to be investigated in a prospective way. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Italia. Source

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