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Oslo, Norway

Oslo University College , Norwegian: Høgskolen i Oslo was the largest state university college in Norway, with more than 18,000 students and approx. 1800 employees. OUC offers the broadest portfolio of professional studies available in Norway.OUC was established August 1, 1994 when the Norwegian college system was restructured and 18 smaller colleges in the Oslo area merged. Most of the school was now located in the city centre of Oslo along Pilestredet street. The main campus was the previous Frydenlund Brewery near Bislett stadium.Oslo University College and Akershus University College merged into Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied science on August 1, 2011.The language of instruction was Norwegian, and certain courses were taught in English. Wikipedia.

Are people with ill health more prone to unemployment during the ongoing economic crisis? Is this health selection more visible among people with low education, women, or the young? The current paper investigates these questions in the Scandinavian context using the longitudinal part of the EU-SILC data material. Generalized least squares analysis indicates that people with ill health are laid off to a higher degree than their healthy counterparts in Denmark, but not in Norway and Sweden. Additionally, young individuals (<30 years) with ill health have a higher probability of unemployment in both Norway and Sweden, but not in Denmark. Neither women with ill health, nor individuals with low educational qualifications and ill health, are more likely to lose their jobs in Scandinavia. Individual level (and calendar year) fixed effects analysis confirms the existence of health selection out of employment in Denmark, whereas there is no suggestion of health selection in Sweden and Norway, except among young individuals. This finding could be related to the differing labor market demand the three Scandinavian countries have experienced during and preceding the study period (2007-2010). Another possible explanation for the cross-national differences is connected to the Danish "flexicurity" model, where the employment protection is rather weak. People with ill health, and hence more unstable labor market attachment, could be more vulnerable in such an arrangement. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Background: Unemployment has a number of negative consequences, such as decreased income and poor self-rated health. However, the relationships between unemployment, income, and health are not fully understood. Longitudinal studies have investigated the health effect of unemployment and income separately, but the mediating role of income remains to be scrutinized. Using longitudinal data and methods, this paper investigates whether the effect of unemployment on self-rated health (SRH) is mediated by income, financial strain and unemployment benefits. Methods: The analyses use data from the longitudinal panel of European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) over the 4 years of 2008 to 2011. Individual fixed effects models are applied, estimating the longitudinal change in SRH as people move from employment to unemployment, and investigating whether this change is reduced after controlling for possible mediating mechanisms, absolute income change, relative income change, relative income rank, income deprivation, financial strain, and unemployment benefits. Results: Becoming unemployed is associated with decreased SRH (-0.048, SE 0.012). This decrease is 19 % weaker (-0.039, SE 0.010) after controlling for change in financial strain. Absolute and relative changes in household equalized income, as well as changes in relative rank and transitions into income deprivation, are not found to be associated with change in SRH. Conclusions: Financial strain is found to be a potential mediator of the individual health effect of unemployment, while neither absolute income, relative income, relative rank, income deprivation nor unemployment benefits are found to be mediators of this relationship. © 2016 Tøge. Source

Bjorgo T.,Oslo University College
Crime, Law and Social Change

People engage in terrorism and similar forms of violent extremism for a variety of reasons, political or non-political. The frequent failure to achieve what they expected or dreamed about is also usually the source of their disillusionment, and subsequently, a main reason to disengage from violent extremism. Individuals involved in terrorism often come from a diversity of social backgrounds und have undergone rather different processes of violent radicalisation. Profiles of terrorists do not work as a tool to identify actual or potential terrorists because such profiles fail to capture the diversity and how people change when they become involved in militant extremism. This study suggests a more dynamic typology of participants in militant groups, based on dimensions which represent dynamic continuums rather than static positions. During their extremist careers individuals may move from resembling one type initially into acquiring more of the characteristics of other types at later stages. When it comes to prevention and intervention measures, one size does not fit them all. The typology may be used as an aid to develop more specific and targeted strategies for preventing violent radicalisation and facilitating disengagement, taking into account the diversity and specific drivers behind different types of activists. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media B.V. Source

Birch S.,Oslo University College
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine

De qi is a concept most often associated with patient experiences during needling in acupuncture treatment. A review of the early historical literature on acupuncture shows that texts tended to describe de qi and its associated concept, qi zhi more in terms of practitioner-based phenomena and that this is something more in the realm of the experienced practitioner (i.e., it is skill based). Many modern authors in Asia and the West also describe the importance of practitioner-based experiences in the de qi of acupuncture, further implying that this may lie at the heart of the treatment effects of acupuncture. A review of scientific studies on de qi shows that qualitative studies have focused almost exclusively on patient-based aspects of de qi while quantitative studies have focused exclusively on them. There thus exists a gap in current research on the phenomenon of de qi that possibly reveals weakness in the wider study of acupuncture. It is important that precise qualitative studies of the practitioner-based aspects of de qi begin soon and as they become better understood, quantitative research also is initiated. This research will not only better inform clinical trials and physiologic research of acupuncture in general but could contribute significantly to rethinking of how to train practitioners. © 2015, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Source

Lid I.M.,Oslo University College
Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research

Universal Design (UD) implies to plan and manufacture goods, buildings, outdoor spaces and facilities to be useable by all people to the fullest possible extent. UD has evolved from a focus on disabling barriers in the environments. As a strategy, UD has not yet clarified its relation to disability. The democratic potential for UD lies in recognizing all people as equal; this requires both theoretical and empirical studies. In this article, I focus on theoretical work related to UD, approaching UD as a value-laden concept and argue that there is a need to develop UD with a stronger focus on the dimensions related to the concept of human. A relational model for disability is proposed as a fruitful model for theoretically developing UD on a micro, meso and macro level. This model focuses on the inter-action in situations where disability emerges, and can therefore attend to the complexity inherent in disability and UD. © 2013 Copyright Nordic Network on Disability Research. Source

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