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Saint-André-lez-Lille, France

Nabholtz J.M.,University of Auvergne | Nabholtz J.M.,Clinical and Translational Research Division | Abrial C.,University of Auvergne | Abrial C.,Clinical and Translational Research Division | And 36 more authors.
Annals of Oncology

Background: Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a heterogeneous group of tumors for some of which the Epithelial Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) pathway may play an important role. We investigated the efficacy and toxicity of an anti-EGFR antibody (panitumumab) combined with a standard neoadjuvant anthracycline-taxane based chemotherapy in patients with operable, stage II-III, TNBC. Methods: Treatment in this multicentric neoadjuvant pilot study consisted of panitumumab (9 mg/kg) for 8 cycles q.3 weeks combined with 4 cycles of 5-fluorouracil, epidoxorubicin and cyclophosphamide (FEC100: 500/100/500 mg/m2) q.3 weeks followed by 4 cycles of docetaxel (T: 100 mg/m2) q.3 weeks. Following therapy, all patients underwent surgical resection. Pathological complete response (pCR) in evaluable patients was the main endpoint while clinical response, toxicity and ancillary studies were secondary endpoints. Paraffinembedded and frozen tumor samples were systematically collected with the aim to identify predictive biomarkers of efficacy and resistance in order to select biologically defined subpopulations for potential further clinical development of the anti-EGFR antibody. Results: Sixty patients were enrolled with 47 assessable for pathologic response. The pathological complete response (pCR) rates were 46.8% [95% CI: 32.5-61.1] and 55.3% [95% CI: 41.1-69.5] according respectively to Chevallier and Sataloff classifications. The complete clinical response rate (cCR) was 37.5%. Conservative surgery was performed in 87% of cases. Toxicity was manageable. The association of high EGFR and low cytokeratin 8/18 expression in tumor cells on one hand and high density of CD8+ tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes on the other hand were significantly predictive of pCR. Conclusions: Panitumumab in combination with FEC100 followed by docetaxel appears efficacious, with acceptable toxicity, as neoadjuvant therapy of operable TNBC. Several biomarkers could help define large subsets of patients with high probability of pCR, suggesting a potential interest to further develop this combination in biologically defined subgroups of patients with TNBC. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society for Medical Oncology. All rights reserved. Source

Bibault J.-E.,University of Lille Nord de France | Prevost B.,University of Lille Nord de France | Dansin E.,Oscar Lambret Comprehensive Cancer Center | Mirabel X.,University of Lille Nord de France | And 2 more authors.
Radiation Oncology

Purpose: Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) for early-stage lung cancer can be achieved with several methods: respiratory gating, body frame, or real-time target and motion tracking. Two target tracking methods are currently available with the CyberKnife® System: the first one, fiducial tracking, requires the use of radio-opaque markers implanted near or inside the tumor, while the other, Xsight® Lung Tracking System, (XLTS) is fiducial-free. With XLTS, targeting is synchronized directly with target motion, which occurs due to respiration. While the former method (fiducial tracking) is well documented, the clinical relevance of the latter (tracking without fiducials) has never been well described to this date.Patients and Methods: A study was performed at our department for each patient treated for lung cancer with CyberKnife using XLTS. Selection criteria were: primary or recurring T1 or T2 stage non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with 15-60 mm tumor size. Initial staging included CT-Scan and FDG-PET.Results: Fifty-one patients not amenable to surgery were treated with XLTS. Median follow-up was 15 months (range, 5-30 months). Median tumor size was 24 mm (range, 15-60 mm). Median total dose was 60 Gy (36-60 Gy) in three fractions. Actuarial overall survival was 85.5% (95% CI = 74.5-96%) at 1 year and 79.4% (95% CI = 64-94.8%) at 2 years. Actuarial local control rate was 92% (95% CI = 84-99%) at one1 year and 86% (95% CI = 75-97%) at 2 years.Conclusion: Local control and overall survival rates were similar to previous reports that used fiducials for tumor tracking. Toxicity was lower than most studies since tumor tracking did not require fiducial implantion. This fiducial-free method for respiratory motion tracking is a valid option for the most fragile patients. © 2012 Bibault et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Piessen G.,University Hospital of Lille | Piessen G.,University of Lille Nord de France | Piessen G.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Messager M.,University Hospital of Lille | And 12 more authors.
Annals of Surgery

Objective: To compare the outcomes of a strategy of surveillance versus surgical resection in patients with esophageal cancer (EC) experiencing complete clinical response (cCR) after chemoradiation (CRT). Background: In EC, it remains unclear whether a strategy of surveillance or esophagectomy is appropriate after cCR to CRT. Methods: From 1995 to 2009, 222 operable patients had a cCR based on the results of a computed tomographic scan, endoscopy with biopsies and, when performed, a positron emission tomographic scan. Through an intention-to-treat case-control study, 59 patients treated with CRT and surveillance (group Surv) were matched 1:2 with 118 patients treated by CRT followed by surgery (group Surg), according to age, gender, tumor location and stage, histology, American Society of Anesthesiologists score, and nutritional status. Results: The 2 groups were comparable according to the matched variables (P > 0.276). In group Surg, the postoperative mortality rate was 4.2% with evidence of residual tumor in 34.6% of specimens. In group Surv, 2 salvage esophagectomies were performed. Despite the higher dose of radiotherapy received in group Surv (50 vs 45 Gys, P = 0.003), median survival was lower (31 vs 83 months, P = 0.001), with disease recurrence that was more frequent (50.8% vs 32.7%, P = 0.021), occurred earlier (7.8 vs 19.0 months, P = 0.002) and more often locoregional (46.7% vs 16.2%, P = 0.007) in nature. Surgical resection was independently associated with less recurrence [odds ratio = 0.4, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.2-0.8, P = 0.006] and better survival (hazard ratio = 0.5, 95% CI: 0.3-0.8, P = 0.006). Conclusions: Survival of EC patients with a cCR after CRT is better after surgery compared to simply surveillance. In patients of low operative risk and operable disease, surgery should be considered to improve control of locoregional disease and to overcome the inherent limitations of clinical response assessment. © 2013 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source

Lepesant P.,CHRU | Crinquette M.,CHRU | Alkeraye S.,CHRU | Mirabel X.,Oscar Lambret Comprehensive Cancer Center | And 3 more authors.
British Journal of Dermatology

Patients with advanced basal cell carcinoma due to local extension or metastatic disease were previously at a therapeutic impasse. Targeted inhibition of the sonic hedgehog pathway by vismodegib represents a new therapeutic strategy. Adnexal carcinomas are rare malignant skin tumours derived from epithelial annexes. Conventional treatment of adnexal tumours is based on surgical excision. Although the radiosensitivity of adnexal carcinomas has not been established, radiotherapy could be offered alone or in combination in locally advanced or inoperable disease. Chemotherapy represents a therapeutic option in the treatment of metastatic adnexal tumours. Currently there is no effective treatment for these tumours when they become metastatic or unresectable, and treatment is palliative. Sunitinib represents a new therapeutic strategy, with efficiency described in the literature for a small number of patients. However, its efficacy is partial, and its tolerance is not always good. We report a patient with trichoblastic carcinoma, initially diagnosed as basal cell carcinoma, treated effectively with vismodegib. The remarkable response we have observed in this patient suggests an encouraging therapeutic role of vismodegib in trichoblastic carcinoma that should be evaluated in a carefully designed trial. © 2015 British Association of Dermatologists. Source

Fumagalli I.,Oscar Lambret Comprehensive Center Lille | Bibault J.-E.,Oscar Lambret Comprehensive Center Lille | Dewas S.,Oscar Lambret Comprehensive Center Lille | Kramar A.,Oscar Lambret Comprehensive Cancer Center | And 5 more authors.
Radiation Oncology

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the feasibility, efficacy and toxicity of SBRT for treatment of unresectable hepatic or lung metastases regardless of their primary tumor site for patients who received prior systemic chemotherapy.Methods and materials: Between July 2007 and June 2010, 90 patients were treated with the CyberKnife® SBRT system for hepatic or pulmonary metastatic lesions. Medical records were retrospectively reviewed. The endpoints of this study were local control, overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), local relapse free-survival (LRFS), and treatment toxicity.Results: A total of 113 liver and 26 lung metastatic lesions in 52 men (58%) and 38 women (42%) were treated. Median follow-up was 17 months. Median age at treatment was 65 years (range, 23-84 years). Primary cancers were 63 GI, three lung, eight breast, four melanoma, three neuro-endocrine tumors, and three sarcomas. Median diameter of the lesions was 28 mm (range, 7-110 mm) for liver and 12.5 mm (range, 5-63.5 mm) for lung. Local control rates at 1 and 2 years were 84.5% and 66.1%, respectively. Two-year overall survival rate was 70% (95% CI: 55-81%). The 1 and 2-year disease-free survival rates were 27% (95% CI: 18-37%) and 10% (95% CI: 4-20%), respectively. Median duration of disease-free survival was 6.7 months (95% CI: 5.1-9.5 months). Observed toxicities included grade 1-3 acute toxicities. One grade 3 and no grade 4 toxicity were reported.Conclusion: High-dose SBRT for metastatic lesions is both feasible and effective with high local control rates. Overall survival is comparable with other available techniques. Treatment is well tolerated with low toxicity rates. It could represent an interesting treatment option for oligometastatic patients not amenable to surgery, even when patients had been pre-treated with chemotherapy.Summary: Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) has previously been successfully used in the treatment of metastatic lesions. It could be considered as a curative option for oligometastatic patients. This retrospective study involved 90 patients, designed to test potential effectiveness of SBRT in the treatment of oligometastases irrespective of primary. Results suggest SBRT could be an effective treatment extending patients' life span. This treatment appears to be more effective when used prior to multiple systemic treatment regimens. © 2012 Fumagalli et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

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