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Ōsaka, Japan

Komori M.,Kyoto University | Takeoka F.,Kyoto University | Kiten T.,Kyoto University | Kondo Y.,Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology | And 4 more authors.
Precision Engineering | Year: 2016

The vibration/noise of gears is influenced by micrometer-order tooth pitch deviation, and therefore advanced quality control is needed in the gear manufacturing process using measuring instruments. The accuracy of the pitch measuring instrument is verified using a master gear or artifact, but its accuracy is not sufficiently high, and its manufacture is difficult. In our previous report, a novel pitch artifact named the magnetically self-aligned multiball pitch artifact, in which elements with simple geometries are aligned spontaneously by a magnetic force, was proposed for the calibration of pitch measuring instruments. The parts comprising the artifact, which consist of balls, a cylinder, and a plane, have simple geometries and can be manufactured with accuracies on the order of several tens of nanometers. Therefore, this artifact can also have high accuracy. In addition, because it undergoes self-alignment by a magnetic force, it has the advantage of easy assembly. An appropriate calibration method for this artifact using a coordinate measuring machine is proposed, and the accuracy of the artifact is evaluated in this report. The repeatability of pitch measurements when the artifact is disassembled and reassembled is investigated, and the results show high repeatability. A measurement experiment using a pitch measuring instrument is performed. These experiments verified that the calibration and measurement of the proposed pitch artifact are possible with high repeatability. © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Source


Kurokawa S.,Kyushu University | Kido H.,Kyushu University | Taguchi T.,Osaka Seimitsu Kikai Co. | Okada T.,Kyushu University | And 2 more authors.
Applied Mechanics and Materials | Year: 2011

Tooth root and bottom profiles of cylindrical gears affect bending fatigue life, but it is hard to measure them with conventional gear measuring machines (GMMs), because GMMs are normally customized to measure only gear working flanks. We try to develop a new type of GMM by installing an extra 3D scanning probe and control software to measure tooth root and bottom profiles. To be able to measure in various directions, a 3D scanning probe instead of a single directional scanning probe has been attached to a GMM developed, which has servo and linear driving motors generating less heat. Discrete point measurement and scanning measurement of tooth root and bottom profiles of cylindrical gears is described and evaluation of measured results is discussed. © 2011 Trans Tech Publications. Source


Komori M.,Kyoto University | Takeoka F.,Kyoto University | Kiten T.,Kyoto University | Kondo Y.,Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology | And 4 more authors.
Precision Engineering | Year: 2016

Gear noise is influenced by pitch deviation of micrometer order, and, therefore, the pitch of gears is inspected in manufacturing processes using measurement instruments. Master gears or artifacts are used to evaluate the accuracy of the pitch measurement instrument, but their accuracy is not sufficiently high and they are not easy to manufacture. In a previous study, the concept of a novel high-precision pitch artifact composed of simple components was proposed for the evaluation of the accuracy of pitch measurement instruments. Simple components, such as balls, cylinders, and planes, can accomplish an accuracy on the order of several tens of nanometers. Therefore, this artifact can be realized with high accuracy. In the present study, we propose a spring-force self-aligned multiball pitch artifact, in which simple components are assembled using spring force. The design of the artifact is discussed, and the artifact is manufactured. Measurement experiments using a coordinate measurement machine and a pitch measurement instrument are carried out, and the proposed pitch artifact is demonstrated to be fundamentally valid for accuracy evaluation. © 2016 Elsevier Inc. Source


Taguchi T.,Osaka Seimitsu Kikai Co. | Kondo Y.,National Metrology Institute of Japan NMIJ
Measurement Science and Technology | Year: 2016

High-precision gears are required for advanced motion and power transmission. The reliability of the measured value becomes important as the gear accuracy increases, and the establishment of a traceability system is needed. Therefore, a high-precision gear measuring machine (GMM) with a smaller uncertainty is expected to improve the gear calibration uncertainty. For this purpose, we developed a prototype of a high-precision GMM that adopts a direct drive mechanism and other features. Then, the high measurement capability of the developed GMM was verified using gear artifacts. Recently, some new measurement methods using simple shapes such as spheres and planes have been proposed as standards. We have verified the tooth profile measurement using a sphere artifact and reported the results that the developed GMM had a high capability in tooth profile measurement. Therefore, we attempted to devise a new evaluation method for helix measurement using a wedge artifact (WA) whose plane was treated as the tooth flank, and the high measurement capability of the developed GMM was verified. The results will provide a part of information to fully assess measurement uncertainty as our future work. This paper describes the evaluation results of the developed GMM for helix measurement using both a helix artifact and the WA, and discusses the effectiveness of the WA as a new artifact to evaluate the GMMs. © 2016 IOP Publishing Ltd. Source


Komori M.,Kyoto University | Takeoka F.,Kyoto University | Kiten T.,Kyoto University | Kondo Y.,Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology | And 4 more authors.
Precision Engineering | Year: 2015

The vibration/noise of gears is influenced by micrometer-order tooth pitch deviation, and therefore, advanced quality control is needed in the gear manufacturing process using measuring instrument. The accuracy of the pitch measuring instrument is verified using a master gear or artifact, but its accuracy is not sufficiently high, and its manufacturing is not easy. In our previous report, a novel high-precision pitch artifact composed of simple-shape parts ("multiball pitch artifact") was proposed for the calibration of pitch measuring instruments. Simple-shape parts such as balls, cylinders, and planes can be manufactured with several-ten-nanometer-order accuracy. Therefore, this artifact can also have high accuracy. In this study, a magnetically self-aligned multiball pitch artifact is proposed in which the simple-shape parts are assembled with high precision using magnetic force without any special assembly technique. The artifact is designed and manufactured. A measurement experiment using a pitch measuring instrument is performed, and it is verified that the proposed pitch artifact is fundamentally valid for calibration. © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Source

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