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Ōsaka, Japan

Park S.-J.,University of Ulsan | Kang S.-J.,University of Ulsan | Virmani R.,CVPath Institute Inc. | Nakano M.,CVPath Institute Inc. | Ueda Y.,Osaka Police Hospital
Journal of the American College of Cardiology | Year: 2012

Percutaneous coronary intervention with stenting is the most widely performed procedure for the treatment of symptomatic coronary disease, and drug-eluting stents (DES) have minimized the limitations of bare-metal stents (BMS). Nevertheless, there remain serious concerns about late complications such as in-stent restenosis and late stent thrombosis. Although in-stent restenosis of BMS was considered as a stable condition with an early peak of intimal hyperplasia, followed by a regression period beyond 1 year, recent studies have reported that one-third of patients with in-stent restenosis of BMS presented with acute coronary syndrome that is not regarded as clinically benign. Furthermore, both clinical and histologic studies of DES have demonstrated evidence of continuous neointimal growth during long-term follow-up, which is designated as "late catch-up" phenomenon. Here, we present emerging evidence of de novo neoatherosclerosis based on histology, angioscopy, and intravascular images that provide a new insight for the mechanism of late stent failure. In-stent neoatherosclerosis is an important substrate for late stent failure for both BMS and DES, especially in the extended phase. In light of the rapid progression in DES, early detection of neoatherosclerosis may be beneficial to improving long-term outcome of patients with DES implants. © 2012 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Source

Tori M.,Osaka Police Hospital
Surgical Endoscopy and Other Interventional Techniques | Year: 2014

Background: Endoscopic thyroidectomy (ET) or robotic thyroidectomy is yet to be applied to thyroid carcinoma invasive to the trachea and to wide lymph node node metastasis. On the other hand, small-incision thyroidectomy lacks sufficient working space and clear vision. The author has newly developed hybrid-type endoscopic thyroidectomy (HET) to overcome these problems. Methods: From March 2011 to February 2012, HET was performed for 85 patients. Clinicopathologic characteristics were analyzed. To evaluate the superiority of HET for malignancy representatively, conventional lobectomy with central compartment node dissection (CCND) performed 1 year previously was compared with HET. In lobectomy and node dissection, a single skin incision (1.5 cm) is made above the clavicle, with a port incision (5 mm) made 3 cm below the clavicle. Then CCND is performed directly through the incision by lifting up the isthmus. To obtain sufficient working space for the lobectomy, the strap muscles are taped and pulled toward the head, then hung by the cradle. The thyroid lobe is retracted to the midline with a retractor, followed by isolation of the inferior laryngeal nerve and transection of the inferior thyroid vessels with the monitor of the scope. Lateral lymph nodes dissection can be performed at the same time, if necessary. In total thyroidectomy, the same procedure is performed at the opposite side. The scalpel can be used to shave through each incision in case of tracheal invasion. Results: Of the 85 cases, 62 were malignant, involving papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), and 23 were benign. Total thyroidectomy was performed for 22 of the PTC cases and CCND for 49 of the cases. Shaving for tracheal invasion was performed for eight patients. No mortality, complications, recurrence, or metastasis was found 1-2 years after the operation. Compared with conventional thyroidectomy, HET was superior in blood loss, visual analog scale, and postoperative hospital stay. Conclusion: The author's method (Tori's method) might be less invasive, cosmetically excellent, and moreover, safe and feasible for differentiated thyroid carcinoma including invasion to the trachea. © 2013 The Author(s). Source

Mizoguchi H.,Osaka Police Hospital
Osaka city medical journal | Year: 2012

Pericardial effusion and cardiac tamponade are often refractory and difficult to manage. The transthoracic pericardial fenestration which create a window is the conventional procedure for releasing pericardial effusion to the thoracic cavity. We experienced two cases of pericardial fenestration. The first case was a patient with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with pericardial effusion. She had a thoracic compression fracture, which indicated pericardial fenestration before an orthopedic surgery. The second case was a patient with recurrent cardiac tamponade caused by postpericardiotomy syndrome after off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting. In both cases, the patients underwent left anterior thoracotomy of about 10 cm at the level of the 5th intercostal space. The pericardium was incised within a radius of about 20 mm; furthermore, the fenestrated window was opened to the left thoracic cavity. In this paper, we present our experience of pericardial fenestration and discuss a review of the literature. Source

Helicobacter pylori infection plays a key role in the pathogenesis of H. pylori-associated diseases, including gastroduodenal and non-gastroduodenal diseases. A 71-year-old man was evaluated for a positive fecal occult blood test by upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, which revealed H. pylori infection, two adenocarcinomas and two gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphomas. Hematological examination revealed low platelet-count, elevated platelet-associated immunoglobulin G and anti-H. pylori immunoglobulin G antibodies. We diagnosed H. pylori infection complicated by simultaneous occurrence of gastric cancer, gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma, and idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura. These diseases were successfully treated with laparoscopy-assisted total gastrectomy and splenectomy, and there was no evidence of recurrence for about 2 years. This is the first reported case of H. pylori infection complicated by these three diseases and cured with laparoscopic surgery. © 2011 Japan Society for Endoscopic Surgery, Asia Endosurgery Task Force and Blackwell Publishing Asia Pty Ltd. Source

Mizuno H.,Osaka Police Hospital
Journal of applied clinical medical physics / American College of Medical Physics | Year: 2012

EBT2 film is widely used for quality assurance in radiation therapy. The purpose of this study was to investigate the homogeneity of EBT2 film among various lots, and the dose dependence of heterogeneity. EBT2 film was positioned in the center of a flatbed scanner and scanned in transmission mode at 75 dpi. Homogeneity was investigated by evaluating gray value and net optical density (netOD) with the red color channel. The dose dependence of heterogeneity in a single sheet from five lots was investigated at 0.5, 2, and 3 Gy. Maximum coefficient of variation as evaluated by netOD in a single film was 3.0% in one lot, but no higher than 0.5% in other lots. Dose dependence of heterogeneity was observed on evaluation by gray value but not on evaluation by netOD. These results suggest that EBT2 should be examined in each lot number before clinical use, and that the dose calibration curve should be constructed using netOD. Source

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