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Shen J.-H.,Orthopedic Ward 24 Daqing Oil Field General Hospital Daqing Heilongjiang Peoples Republic of China | Qu C.-B.,Orthopedic Ward 24 Daqing Oil Field General Hospital Daqing Heilongjiang Peoples Republic of China | Chu H.-K.,Orthopedic Ward 24 Daqing Oil Field General Hospital Daqing Heilongjiang Peoples Republic of China | Cui M.-Y.,Orthopedic Ward 24 Daqing Oil Field General Hospital Daqing Heilongjiang Peoples Republic of China | And 5 more authors.
Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry | Year: 2015

Osteosarcoma (OS) remains the most frequent primary malignant bone tumor in adolescents. However, the molecular cause of the disease is poorly elucidated. In the present study, we primarily found that translationally controlled tumor protein (TCTP) was overexpressed in human OS tissues and cell lines. To investigate the function of TCTP in OS cell growth, an RNA interference lentivirus system was employed to deplete TCTP expression in Saos-2 and U2OS cell lines. Specific knockdown of TCTP significantly impaired cell proliferation and colony-formation capacity in both OS cell lines. Moreover, depletion of TCTP caused a significant accumulation of OS cells in the S phase and eventually induced cell apoptosis. Expression levels of the G2/M phase regulators cyclin B1 and Cdc25A were decreased, and apoptotic markers Bad and caspase-3 were increased in both OS cell lines after depletion of TCTP. Furthermore, depletion of TCTP potently inhibited the growth of xenografts in nude mice. Our results indicate that inhibition of TCTP expression exerts potential antitumor activity and may be a novel therapeutic approach in human OS. © 2014 International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc. Source

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