Orszagos Ilelmezes Es Taplalkozastudomanyi Intezet

Budapest, Hungary

Orszagos Ilelmezes Es Taplalkozastudomanyi Intezet

Budapest, Hungary

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Kovacs V.A.,Orszagos Ilelmezes Es Taplalkozastudomanyi Intezet | Gabor A.,Orszagos Ilelmezes Es Taplalkozastudomanyi Intezet | Fajcsak Z.,National Institute for Sports Science | Martos E.,Orszagos Ilelmezes Es Taplalkozastudomanyi Intezet
Orvosi Hetilap | Year: 2010

Childhood obesity has become a worldwide epidemic. Declining physical activity is one of the major contributors. Aim: To obtain data on Hungarian primary school students' weight status, sport club participation and sedentary behaviors. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was distributed to all primary schools (n=18) in buda, Budapest. Children (1648 boys, 1654 girls; 11.3±2.3 years) completed questionnaires about sedentary behaviors and sport participation. Height, weight and waist circumference were measured. Results: According to the IOTF criteria, 14.5% of the children were overweight and 4.6% were obese. The rate of those children who did not attend any extracurricular sport increased parallel with age in both gender. At the lower end of the range, 15.3% of the 9-year-old boys and 21% of the 10-year old girls did not sport. These numbers increased up to 31.0% in boys and 53.8% in girls by the age of 15 years. Screening time on weekdays and on weekends was 2.2±1.9 and 3.6±2.6 hours/day, respectively. One third of participants (32.2%) spent >2 h/day in front of a screen on weekdays, whereas 61.8% did on weekends. Conclusions: The frequency of sedentary behaviors was high among urban Hungarian school children. Health promotion strategies should start in early ages.


Lugasi A.,Orszagos Ilelmezes Es Taplalkozastudomanyi Intezet | Bakacs M.,Orszagos Ilelmezes Es Taplalkozastudomanyi Intezet | Zentai A.,Orszagos Ilelmezes Es Taplalkozastudomanyi Intezet | Kovacs V.A.,Orszagos Ilelmezes Es Taplalkozastudomanyi Intezet | Martos E.,Orszagos Ilelmezes Es Taplalkozastudomanyi Intezet
Orvosi Hetilap | Year: 2012

For the healthy status the adequate intake of vitamins is essential. Aim and method: The Hungarian Diet and Nutritional Status Survey - joining to the European Health Interview Survey - studied the dietary habits of the Hungarian population. This work presents the vitamins intake. Results: The intake of all water soluble vitamins, vitamin E and D were significantly higher in men than in women. Favourable phenomena were the increased β-carotene and vitamin C intakes in men and women compared to the earlier data. Intakes of vitamin C, B1-, B2-, B6- and B12, and niacin meet the recommendations. Crucially low intakes of vitamin D and folate were calculated in both genders, particularly in the elders, mainly in case of vitamin D. Imperfect intakes of panthotenic acid and biotin were also observed. Conclusions: For maintaining the adequate vitamin supply and for prevention of vitamin deficiency, diversified nutrition, information of the population on the basic principles of healthy nutrition and availability of healthy food are essential.


Sarkadi Nagy E.,Orszagos Ilelmezes Es Taplalkozastudomanyi Intezet | Bakacs M.,Orszagos Ilelmezes Es Taplalkozastudomanyi Intezet | Illes E.,Orszagos Ilelmezes Es Taplalkozastudomanyi Intezet | Zentai A.,Orszagos Ilelmezes Es Taplalkozastudomanyi Intezet | And 2 more authors.
Orvosi Hetilap | Year: 2012

The Hungarian Diet and Nutritional Status Survey is the fourth in the row of the Hungarian national dietary surveys conducted by the Institute for Food and Nutrition Science. Aims: The present study was performed to provide valid, up-to-date data on energy and nutrient intakes and dietary habits of the Hungarian adult population. Methods: The energy and nutrient intakes were calculated on validated three-day dietary records of a representative sample by age and gender of the Hungarian population aged ≥18 ys. Results: The energy percentage of fat was too high (39 E% for men and 36 E% for women), that of carbohydrate was too low (45 E% for men and 48 E% for women), whereas that of protein met the recommendation (15 E% for men and 15 E% for women). Conclusions: Reduction of the nutritional risk factors would greatly reduce the mortality and morbidity rates of nutrition-related diseases.


Lugasi A.,Orszagos Ilelmezes Es Taplalkozastudomanyi Intezet | Horacsek M.,Orszagos Ilelmezes Es Taplalkozastudomanyi Intezet | Martos E.,Orszagos Ilelmezes Es Taplalkozastudomanyi Intezet
Orvosi Hetilap | Year: 2010

According to recent legislation, food supplements are foodstuffs with the purpose of supplementing normal diet. Food supplements are concentrated sources of nutrients such as vitamins and minerals and other substances with a physiological or nutritional effect. In Hungary, marketing of food supplements has not been bound to pre-market authorization since joining to the European Union. The food business operator, who is responsible for production or distribution of the product, must notify it at National Institute for Food and Nutrition Science latest at the time when the product has been placed on the market and it can be distributed simultaneously. Distribution, ingredients, and all those information which appear on the label are determined by numerous regulations and prescriptions but at the same time the lack of harmonized legislation at certain places may cause a lot of problems on Community level. The first part of the study shows the laws and regulations influencing the distribution and ingredients of food supplements, while the main target of the second part is to introduce the evaluation process of components from nutritional and physiological point of view, and the role played by the food supplements in nutrition. Orv. Hetil., 2010, 39, 1563-1572.


Martos E.,Orszagos Ilelmezes Es Taplalkozastudomanyi Intezet | Bakacs M.,Orszagos Ilelmezes Es Taplalkozastudomanyi Intezet | Sarkadi-Nagy E.,Orszagos Ilelmezes Es Taplalkozastudomanyi Intezet | Raczkevy T.,Orszagos Ilelmezes Es Taplalkozastudomanyi Intezet | And 4 more authors.
Orvosi Hetilap | Year: 2012

The adequate intake of minerals is basically important for healthy nutrition. Aim and method: The Hungarian Diet and Nutritional Status Survey - joining to the European Health Interview Survey - studied the dietary habits of the Hungarian population. The present publication describes the macroelement intake. Results: The salt intake is unusually high (17.2 g in men and 12.0 g in women), the potassium intake remains well below the recommendation. These factors substantially increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases including high blood-pressure. The calcium intake stays below the recommendation except in the youngest males, the oldest men and women are at risk from this point of view. While magnesium intake suited the recommendation, the intake of phosphorus exceeded it twice. Conclusions: Focusing on marcroelements, high sodium/salt intake represents the highest public health risk. The implementation of STOP SALT! National Salt Reducing Programme, i.e. decrease the salt content of processed food and provide proper information to the population about excessive salt consumption, should result in a beneficial change of salt intake and ameliorate the public health conditions.


Martos E.,Orszagos Ilelmezes Es Taplalkozastudomanyi Intezet | Kovacs V.A.,Orszagos Ilelmezes Es Taplalkozastudomanyi Intezet | Bakacs M.,Orszagos Ilelmezes Es Taplalkozastudomanyi Intezet | Kaposvari C.,Orszagos Ilelmezes Es Taplalkozastudomanyi Intezet | Lugasi A.,Orszagos Ilelmezes Es Taplalkozastudomanyi Intezet
Orvosi Hetilap | Year: 2012

Obesity is a leading public health problem, but representative data on measured prevalence among Hungarian adults has been missing since the late eighties. Aim and method: Joining in European Health Interview Survey the aim of the OTAP2009 study was to provide data representative by age and gender on the prevalence of obesity and abdominal obesity among Hungarian adults based on their measured anthropometric data. Results: Participation rate was 35% (n = 1165). Data shows that nearly two-thirds of adults are overweight or obese. 26.2% of men and 30.4% of women are obese. Prevalence of morbid obesity is 3.1% and 2.6% in men and women, respectively. Abdominal obesity is more prevalent among women than men (51.0% vs. 33.2%), and rate is increasing parallel with age in both gender. In elderly, 55% of men and almost 80% of women are abdominally obese. Conclusions: Besides interventions of population level for tackling obesity, individual preventive measures are indispensable.

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