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Food supplements are foods that are concentrated sources of nutrients such as vitamins and minerals and other substances with a physiological or nutritional effect. Since joining to the European Union, the distribution of food supplements in Hungary has not been bound to pre-market authorisation; products can be placed to the market after a formal notification at the National Institute for Food and Nutrition Science. Distribution, ingredients, and all information on the label are determined by numerous regulations but at the same time, the lack of harmonized legislation at Community level may cause a lot of problems. In the second part of the review authors introduce the evaluation process of components from the point of view of nutritional and physiological effects and the possible role of food supplements in human nutrition.


Papp I.,Orszagos Elelmezes es Taplalkozastudomanyi Intezet | Czegledi E.,ELTE PPK Szemelyiseg es Egeszsegpszichologiai Tanszek | Tury F.,Semmelweis University
Mentalhigiene es Pszichoszomatika | Year: 2010

Introduction: Western societies show negative attitudes towards obesity. Prejudice related to obesity can be demonstrated already from early childhood. Negative prejudice and discrimination can have a deleterious effect on the mental and somatic health of overweight children. Assessing the type and extent of the stigmatization may be crucial in the development of adequate intervention programs. Objectives: Our main goals were to develop the Hungarian version of the Shared Activities Questionnaire, a measure assessing the behavioural component of attitudes towards obesity, and to conduct the psychometric analysis of this instrument. Methods: Our cross-sectional questionnaire study involved 370 participants, students between 10-15 years of age (145 boys and 225 girls). Measures: Hungarian version of the Shared Activities Questionnaire, Visual Analogue Scale, and Adjective Checklist. Results: The confirmatory factor analyses supported the original structure of the Shared Activities Questionnaire. Internal consistency and convergent validity were satisfactory. Results show that obese children are more harshly judged in all scales of the Shared Activities Questionnaire in comparison to normal weight peers. Conclusion: Our results support the construct validity of the Hungarian version of the Shared Activities Questionnaire. It is a promising measurement for assessing attitudes towards obesity, and it provides an opportunity to evaluate an aspect of attitudes relating to the obesity. The involvement of the questionnaire in further studies is suggested. © 2010 Akadémiai Kiadó.


Sarkadi Nagy E.,Orszagos Elelmezes es Taplalkozastudomanyi Intezet | Martos E.,Orszagos Elelmezes es Taplalkozastudomanyi Intezet
Orvosi Hetilap | Year: 2014

After the completion of the Human Genome Project, the era of providing personalized dietary advice based on an individual's genetic profile seemed near. Since then more than a decade has passed and the pace of development has been slower than expected. Genotyping single nucleotide polymorphisms which may determine susceptibility to multifactorial diseases is cheaper and more accessible than it was ten years ago. However, few of them are supported by such solid scientific evidence which would justify their use for personalized dietary advice. The future of genotype-based personalized nutrition depends on whether a sufficient amount of gene-diet-disease interactions are identified and scientifically confirmed.


Lugasi A.,Orszagos Elelmezes Es Taplalkozastudomanyi Intezet | Sarkadi Nagy E.,Orszagos Elelmezes Es Taplalkozastudomanyi Intezet | Zentai A.,Orszagos Elelmezes Es Taplalkozastudomanyi Intezet | Bakacs M.,Orszagos Elelmezes Es Taplalkozastudomanyi Intezet | And 3 more authors.
Orvosi Hetilap | Year: 2012

For a healthy status the adequate intake of microelements is vital. Aim and method: The Hungarian Diet and Nutritional Status Survey joining to the European Health Interview Survey studied the dietary habits of the Hungarian population. The present paper demonstrates the microelement intake. Results: While the intake of iron, copper and zinc was suffi cient in males, it was defi cient in females according to the Hungarian recommendations. Especially women in their reproductive age ingested iron below the recommendation, thus representing a health risk. In comparison to earlier Hungarian data, zinc and chromium intake decreased unfavorable. Conclusions: Since in Hungary the consumption of the whole grain products with high trace element content is traditionally low, as also refl ected in the present study, it would be desirable to increase the contribution of these foods in the diet in order to enhance the intake of microelements.


PubMed | Orszagos Elelmezes es Taplalkozastudomanyi Intezet
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Orvosi hetilap | Year: 2010

Childhood obesity has become a worldwide epidemic. Declining physical activity is one of the major contributors.To obtain data on Hungarian primary school students weight status, sport club participation and sedentary behaviors.A cross-sectional survey was distributed to all primary schools (n=18) in Obuda, Budapest. Children (1648 boys, 1654 girls; 11.3+/-2.3 years) completed questionnaires about sedentary behaviors and sport participation. Height, weight and waist circumference were measured.According to the IOTF criteria, 14.5% of the children were overweight and 4.6% were obese. The rate of those children who did not attend any extracurricular sport increased parallel with age in both gender. At the lower end of the range, 15.3% of the 9-year-old boys and 21% of the 10-year old girls did not sport. These numbers increased up to 31.0% in boys and 53.8% in girls by the age of 15 years. Screening time on weekdays and on weekends was 2.2+/-1.9 and 3.6+/-2.6 hours/day, respectively. One third of participants (32.2%) spent >2 h/day in front of a screen on weekdays, whereas 61.8% did on weekends.The frequency of sedentary behaviors was high among urban Hungarian school children. Health promotion strategies should start in early ages.


PubMed | Orszagos Elelmezes es Taplalkozastudomanyi Intezet
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Orvosi hetilap | Year: 2012

For a healthy status the adequate intake of microelements is vital.The Hungarian Diet and Nutritional Status Survey - joining to the European Health Interview Survey - studied the dietary habits of the Hungarian population. The present paper demonstrates the microelement intake.While the intake of iron, copper and zinc was sufficient in males, it was deficient in females according to the Hungarian recommendations. Especially women in their reproductive age ingested iron below the recommendation, thus representing a health risk. In comparison to earlier Hungarian data, zinc and chromium intake decreased unfavorable.Since in Hungary the consumption of the whole grain products with high trace element content is traditionally low, as also reflected in the present study, it would be desirable to increase the contribution of these foods in the diet in order to enhance the intake of microelements.

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