Friedell M.L.,Orlando Health
Journal of Surgical Education | Year: 2010
In summary, remembering the core principles of teaching surgical skills outside of the operating room will allow decisions about space and equipment needs to ensure achieving the goal of bringing a better prepared resident to the valuable educational classroom of the patient's bedside and the operating room. The plan outlined above should achieve this in most surgery training programs. © 2010 Association of Program Directors in Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Price C.T.,Orlando Health |
Ramo B.A.,Arnold Palmer Hospital for Children
Orthopedic Clinics of North America | Year: 2012
Current efforts for prevention of hip dysplasia are primarily focused on early detection and early intervention to avoid long-term consequences of neglected hip dysplasia. True prevention efforts would eliminate the disorder before it develops. Better prevention may be possible by decreasing postnatal environmental factors that influence the development of hip dysplasia. This article reviews the natural history, prevalence, and etiology of hip dysplasia along with current methodologies for early diagnosis and possible considerations for prevention of neonatal hip instability and adult acetabular dysplasia. © 2012 Elsevier Inc.
Corey G.R.,Duke University |
Kabler H.,Sunrise Medical |
Mehra P.,Sharp Chula Vista Medical Center |
Gupta S.,Hospital and Research Center |
And 8 more authors.
New England Journal of Medicine | Year: 2014
BACKGROUND: Oritavancin is a lipoglycopeptide with bactericidal activity against gram-positive bacteria. Its concentration-dependent activity and prolonged half-life allow for single-dose treatment. METHODS: We conducted a randomized, double-blind trial in which adults with acute bacterial skin and skin-structure infections received either a single intravenous dose of 1200 mg of oritavancin or a regimen of intravenous vancomycin twice daily for 7 to 10 days. Three efficacy end points were tested for noninferiority. The primary composite end point was defined as cessation of spreading or reduction in lesion size, absence of fever, and no need for administration of a rescue antibiotic 48 to 72 hours after administration of oritavancin. Secondary end points were clinical cure 7 to 14 days after the end of treatment, as determined by a study investigator, and a reduction in lesion size of 20% or more 48 to 72 hours after administration of oritavancin. RESULTS: The modified intention-to-treat population comprised 475 patients who received oritavancin and 479 patients who received vancomycin. All three efficacy end points met the prespecified noninferiority margin of 10 percentage points for oritavancin versus vancomycin: primary end point, 82.3% versus 78.9% (95% confidence interval [CI] for the difference, -1.6 to 8.4 percentage points); investigator-assessed clinical cure, 79.6% versus 80.0% (95% CI for the difference, -5.5 to 4.7 percentage points); and proportion of patients with a reduction in lesion area of 20% or more, 86.9% versus 82.9% (95% CI for the difference, -0.5 to 8.6 percentage points). Efficacy outcomes measured according to type of pathogen, including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, were similar in the two treatment groups. The overall frequency of adverse events was also similar, although nausea was more common among those treated with oritavancin. CONCLUSIONS: A single dose of oritavancin was noninferior to twice-daily vancomycin administered for 7 to 10 days for the treatment of acute bacterial skin and skin-structure infections caused by gram-positive pathogens. (Funded by the Medicines Company; SOLO I ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT01252719.) Copyright © 2014 Massachusetts Medical Society.
Herrera-Soto J.A.,Orlando Health
Orthopedics | Year: 2011
Unstable slipped capital femoral epiphysis can have disastrous complications including osteonecrosis and chondrolysis. It has been shown that 20% to 80% of patients may develop a contralateral slip ≤18 months after diagnosis. The purpose of this article is to report and characterize patients who developed bilateral unstable slips. After Institutional Review Board approval, the patients included were only those with bilateral unstable slipped capital femoral epiphyses. A minimum 2-year follow-up was required. Seven patients, all female, were included in the study, with an average age of 11.4 years at the time of their first slips. The interval between slips averaged 127 days (range, 0-245 days). All but 1 patient presented with a severe slip. The second slip was also severe in 3 patients and less severe in 4 patients. The triradiate cartilage was open in 3 patients. Two patients required corrective osteotomies. Chondrolysis developed in 2 patients with no osteonecrosis reported. The incidence of bilateral unstable slips ranged from 4% to 20% of all unstable slipped capital femoral epiphyses based on our findings. Skeletal immaturity was not a risk factor. The surgeon must be vigilant for the possibility of bilateral slips. The family must be instructed on precautions patients must take while recuperating from unstable slipped capital femoral epiphyses. Contralateral fixation of the unaffected side may be warranted in patients with initial severe unstable slipped capital femoral epiphyses to prevent this condition. Copyright 2011, SLACK Incorporated.
Shain A.H.,University of California at San Francisco |
Yeh I.,University of California at San Francisco |
Kovalyshyn I.,Cleveland Clinic |
Sriharan A.,Orlando Health |
And 10 more authors.
New England Journal of Medicine | Year: 2015
BACKGROUND The pathogenic mutations in melanoma have been largely catalogued; however, the order of their occurrence is not known. METHODS We sequenced 293 cancer-relevant genes in 150 areas of 37 primary melanomas and their adjacent precursor lesions. The histopathological spectrum of these areas included unequivocally benign lesions, intermediate lesions, and intraepidermal or invasive melanomas. RESULTS Precursor lesions were initiated by mutations of genes that are known to activate the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway. Unequivocally benign lesions harbored BRAF V600E mutations exclusively, whereas those categorized as intermediate were enriched for NRAS mutations and additional driver mutations. A total of 77% of areas of intermediate lesions and melanomas in situ harbored TERT promoter mutations, a finding that indicates that these mutations are selected at an unexpectedly early stage of the neoplastic progression. Biallelic inactivation of CDKN2A emerged exclusively in invasive melanomas. PTEN and TP53 mutations were found only in advanced primary melanomas. The point-mutation burden increased from benign through intermediate lesions to melanoma, with a strong signature of the effects of ultraviolet radiation detectable at all evolutionary stages. Copy-number alterations became prevalent only in invasive melanomas. Tumor heterogeneity became apparent in the form of genetically distinct subpopulations as melanomas progressed. CONCLUSIONS Our study defined the succession of genetic alterations during melanoma progression, showing distinct evolutionary trajectories for different melanoma subtypes. It identified an intermediate category of melanocytic neoplasia, characterized by the presence of more than one pathogenic genetic alteration and distinctive histopathological features. Finally, our study implicated ultraviolet radiation as a major factor in both the initiation and progression of melanoma. © 2015 Massachusetts Medical Society. All rights reserved.