Gonzalez-Pernia J.L.,Orkestra Basque Institute of Competitiveness |
Parrilli M.D.,Orkestra Basque Institute of Competitiveness |
Pena-Legazkue I.,Orkestra Basque Institute of Competitiveness
Journal of Technology Transfer | Year: 2015
In this study, the relationship between the formation of different types of collaborative agreements and firm innovation is examined. Two types of agreements are distinguished: “science and technology-based” (STI) and “learning-by-doing, by-using and by-interacting-based” (DUI) partnerships. A fixed-effects logit estimation is applied on an extensive panel of Spanish manufacturing and service firms to analyze the separate and combined impact of collaborative agreements associated to STI and/or DUI modes of learning, paying special attention to the role of partnerships with universities. While STI and DUI partnerships are important for product and process innovation in both separate and combined ways, the results demonstrate that different types of collaboration lead to different types of innovation. Product innovation benefits more from the combination of DUI and STI partnerships and process innovation seems to be more closely linked to DUI-related partnerships undertaken by firms. Findings also show that firm–university collaboration, without the engagement of other STI and DUI agents in the partnership, seems to be weak for product innovation. © 2014, Springer Science+Business Media New York.
Alcalde H.,Orkestra Basque Institute of Competitiveness |
De La Fuente J.,Graphenea |
Kamp B.,Orkestra Basque Institute of Competitiveness |
Proceedings of the IEEE | Year: 2013
The unique properties of graphene render it with the potential to bring about radical changes to product portfolios and product functionalities in numerous industries and markets. In this paper, a number of product and technological applications are reviewed where graphene may offer competitive advantage over incumbent materials. Also, its overall potential for market uptake is assessed. Afterwards, the paper addresses a number of variables that exert an influence on the eventual uptake of graphene for commercial applications. Finally, the paper reviews two measures that can be indicative for the potential and the speed with which an industrial uptake of graphene can become a reality. © 1963-2012 IEEE.