Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SSH.2013.1.1-2 | Award Amount: 3.26M | Year: 2013
The SPINTAN project aims at discovering the theoretical and empirical underpins of public intangible policies. It widens previous work carried out by Corrado, Hulten and Sichel (2005, 2009) including the public sector in their analytical framework in different complementary directions that can be summarized in the following three objectives: (1) to build a public intangible database for a wide set of EU countries, complemented with some big non-EU countries; (2) to analyze the impact of public sector intangibles on innovation, well-being and smart growth (including education, R&D and innovation, and the construction of a digital society); and (3) to pay special attention to the medium/long term consequences of austerity policies in view of the expected recovery. In order to achieve these goals the overall strategy of the project will rely upon the following pillars organized around six work packages. WP 1 concentrates on the methodological discussion on the concept of intangibles in the public sector and the definition of its boundaries. WP 2 will be devoted to the construction of a database for a large set of EU countries and the US, plus three developing countries (China, India, and possibly Brazil), complementary to the one already developed by the INTAN-Invest project. WP 3 will make a detailed analysis of the implications for smart growth and social inclusion of three key aspects of public sector policies: health, education and R&D with special reference to higher education institutions; WP 4 will investigate the effect of spillovers of public sector intangibles on the business sector, within a country or across countries. WP 5 will address the study of the present and future consequences of the austerity measures taken since 2008. And, finally, WP 6 will bring together the different pieces offering a synthesis of the main results emphasizing the main policy implications.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: SSH.2011.6.2-1 | Award Amount: 1.68M | Year: 2012
Within the framework of the Work Programme 2011 on Socio-economic Science and Humanities e-Frame project builds on the latest political directions of the European Commission, in particular the priorities identified in the Europe 2020 strategy. The project will focus on the following general objectives: stocktaking of available results and of ongoing research activities on progress measurement; foster a European debate over the issue; define guidelines for the use of existing indicators; propose a coherent way of delivering information include advanced ICT tools; identify new research topics for future investigation; harmonize NSIs initiatives in progress measurement area. e-Frame will thus ensure a coordination of Beyond GDP activities putting at the centre of the action the national statisticians so to lead to improved official statistics as suggested by the call. All coordination activities will be supported by a stocktaking of past, recent and ongoing research with special attention to FP and ESSnet projects. The final target of activities will be the European dimension looking at the use of indicators within EU policies and in particular at the Europe 2020 strategy. Guidelines and recommendations will be proposed for future activities within the European Research Area and the European Statistical System. The numerous tasks of the project will lead to identify and develop relevant indicators to be used for the measurement of progress. Guidelines for their use by different stakeholders and future research needs will be disseminated through numerous channels, and in particular through the publication of a handbook on the use of progress indicators. The 19 partners-consortium is formed by major European National Statistical Institutes and, together with universities, research centres and civil society, will see the participation of the International Organization OECD.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-2011.8.1 | Award Amount: 1.66M | Year: 2012
we.learn.it will launch the European Living Learning Network by schools and for schools.\n\nwe.learn.it is a facilitated grassroots initiative initially formed from school networks in 6 European countries and partnerships abroad including schools in developing countries. Linked to a facilitators network of higher education institutions, thematic organizations, experts, learning content and technology providers, we.learn.it schools will be enabled to co-develop and embark into Learning Expeditions jointly with leading players in European science, creativity and innovation. First confirmations of support have been ensured e.g. from Oscar Award winning filmmaker Luc Jacque.\n\nwe.learn.it will intensify the collaboration of schools with Europes higher education institutions that are at the forefront of European innovation in learning organizational models and pedagogical concepts. In particular we.learn.it will benefit from the experiences of Aalto University in Finland - today considered a leading European case with new models like Design Factory and Aalto Entrepreneurship Society.\n\nwe.learn.it fosters creativity and exploration. we.learn.it applies crowdsourcing principles to let schools develop own ideas for Learning Expeditions while building collaboration with other schools and facilitators. we.learn.it will support the community building of Learning Expeditions and initial funding. we.learn.it will establish mechanisms for crowd- and facilitator network based funding of Learning Expeditions.\n\nwe.learn.it will initiate a collaborative sharing platform of European TEL research with schools in a facilitated context addressing organizational innovation, collaboration opportunities, cross-cultural networking as well as open base technologies, data and resources. we.learn.it will simplify the transfer of technologies out of research projects to schools by applying user oriented principles such as an app store approach.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-2013.5.5 | Award Amount: 641.43K | Year: 2014
Web-COSI - Web COmmunities for Statistics for Social Innovation- is a co-ordination action to support Collective Awareness by engaging citizens and society at large in the area of statistics and new measures of social progress and well-being. The project is built on the awareness that it is essential to change cultures and enlarge the public debate on the role of communities in the implementation of information and data related to the topics of well-being and societal progress. Web-COSI will use state of art Web 2.0 technology and social media tools to engage diverse communities in a collective discussion on the definition of official and non official statistics for new measurements beyond GDP. Involvement in the way information and data is collected and processed will motivate more citizens to contribute, access, understand and master the use of public statistical data. Web-COSI will use Wikiprogress, an innovative ICT based platform, and active networks to encourage grassroots social innovation and to raise the collective awareness about socially, environmentally and economically sustainable approaches to challenges faced by society. Better statistical information is one of the pillars needed to make smart strategic and operational choices by the community (citizens, stakeholders, market, third sector, policy makers) for Sustainability and Social Innovation. Web-COSI contributions include: (1) mapping and exploiting existing initiatives; (2) distilling and sharing best practices; (3) engaging the citizens in the dialogue to make statistics more accessible for society at large;(4) fostering statistical data sharing by upgrading and redesigning Wikiprogress.stat (a tool hosted by OECD who is a partner in the project). The project will strengthen the links between statistics producers and Web 2.0 Communities and facilitate collective awareness for Sustainability and Social Innovation.
Lorenzoni L.,Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development |
Belloni A.,Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development |
Sassi F.,Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
The Lancet | Year: 2014
The USA has exceptional levels of health-care expenditure, but growth has slowed dramatically in recent years, amidst major efforts to close the coverage gap with other countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). We reviewed expenditure trends and key policies since 2000 in the USA and five other high-spending OECD countries. Higher health-sector prices explain much of the difference between the USA and other high-spending countries, and price dynamics are largely responsible for the slowdown in expenditure growth. Other high-spending countries did not face the same coverage challenges, and could draw from a broader set of policies to keep expenditure under control, but expenditure growth was similar to the USA. Tightening Medicare and Medicaid price controls on plans and providers, and leveraging the scale of the public programmes to increase efficiency in financing and care delivery, might prevent a future economic recovery from offsetting the slowdown in health sector prices and expenditure growth.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: IBA-SC6-OECD-2016 | Award Amount: 615.39K | Year: 2016
The project implements the goals of the Horizon 2020 Work Programme Europe in a changing world: inclusive, innovative and reflective societies by contributing to the monitoring and assessment of research and innovation (R&I) policies in Europe and beyond. The project seeks to: enhance country R&I policy monitoring arrangements already performed by the OECD and European Commission (EC); put in place a new knowledge management system that supports enhanced analysis of country data and its open accessibility; and conduct data analysis in support of European R&I policy needs. The project supports the preparation, implementation and analysis of the joint EC-OECD questionnaire survey on R&I investments and reforms in the Member States and Associated Countries. The survey collects data that is difficult to obtain through other means and is unique in its scope and depth. The project will streamline the survey process and reduce the reporting burden on countries by replacing similar surveys performed through the European Research Area and Innovation Committee (ERAC) in the past. The project utilises Semantic Web technologies that engender analytical flexibility and data openness. An essential component is a model of the R&I policy domain (in the form of a so-called taxonomy-ontology) that is used to structure the data collected. This offers the possibility to link seamlessly to other complementary data sources and opens up new analytical opportunities. The R&I policy taxonomy-ontology is also expected to become an open standard that can be widely deployed by policy-makers and analysts in their own knowledge management and research infrastructures. The project will exploit these new analytical opportunities to prepare a series of reports that answer questions relevant to the European R&I policy framework. The EC is expected to use these reports to support among other things its yearly Research and Innovation Country Profiles and the European Semester Country Reports.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: Europe | Award Amount: 1.50M | Year: 2016
The project implements the goals of the Horizon 2020 Work Program Europe in a Changing World: inclusive, innovative and reflective societies by 1. fostering theoretical and practical learning on innovative approaches; 2. enhancing the sharing of ideas and co-creation of innovative solutions; 3. building innovative capacity of public servants. The project consists of a combination of research activities (on system innovation, innovation life-cycle, innovation at sub-national level); Observatory of Public Sector Innovation platform enhancement to provide a useful and practical tool to OECD and EU innovators (network of innovation contact points, virtual innovation project support, onlien interactive toolbox); and initiatives to build capacities of public servants to generate innovation.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: Europe | Award Amount: 1.01M | Year: 2016
This project is part of efforts to monitor and assess research and innovation policies in Europe and beyond. New indicators and empirical policy analysis can contribute to the coordination and increased focus of individual country policy efforts to obtain the desired impact on growth, jobs and prosperity through research and innovation policies. In recognising the role of innovation in tackling 21st century challenges, this project implements the goals of the Horizon 2020 Work Programme Europe in a Changing World: inclusive, innovative and reflective societies by contributing new research tools and evidence on the role of public support measures as an instrument for improved innovation and socio-economic outcomes in society. Building on OECDs unique expertise and access to a number of networks of official national experts, this project aims to: (1) Provide new evidence on the incidence and design of R&I tax incentives, building internationally comparable evidence on the size and nature of incentives provided by governments to support R&D and innovation through their tax systems; (2) Deliver new evidence on the impact of R&I tax incentives, deepening our understanding of the impacts of R&D tax incentives on business innovation and economic performance, through within- and cross-country econometric micro-data analysis; and (3) Fostering knowledge sharing on the incidence, design and analysis of impact of R&D tax incentives.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IEF | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2012-IEF | Award Amount: 194.05K | Year: 2013
The aim of this research is to contribute to sustainable development, by proposing a candidate policy for promoting renewable and energy efficiency deployment, mainly in households, and comparing its merits with existing alternatives. Accelerating clean energy adoption will not only contribute to sustainable development, by reducing Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions, but also to addressing energy poverty, by helping households to improve the energy efficiency of their homes and reduce their heating and electricity costs. The idea is to catalyse private capital to cover upfront energy investment costs and then recoup payments through increased property taxes. In particular this project will help: 1. establish environmental policy priorities based on sound research and policy analysis, 2. diagnose key market constraints to delivering energy efficiency improvements and renewable adoption, and 3. propose structural economic reform priorities to overcome these barriers. There are several reasons to carry out further analysis in this field: - this will help gain a better understanding of the risks and barriers associated with clean energy financial structures as well as building regulatory frameworks which encourage clean technologies adaption; - the need to make available new financing tools that take different country-specific contexts into account; - the need to develop economic models, that help analyze these issues leading to better policy recommendation. This project aims to suggest varying design features for the proposed financing tool adapted to different country-specific contexts across a range of OECD countries as well as providing policy recommendations, for different countries.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: COH | Award Amount: 1.11M | Year: 2011
Improving the conditions for developing innovative economies is high on the agenda of both the OECD and the European Union. In 2005, the EC undertook a review of the Lisbon strategy. This led the Commission to propose a European Partnership for Growth and Jobs, with knowledge and innovation for growth being one of its main pillars. In 2007, Ministers called upon the OECD to develop a strategy to strengthen the contribution of innovation to key economic and social objectives. Central to this is the concept that knowledge is the key prerequisite for progress and value creation. There are great opportunities for mutually beneficial co-operation between the OECD and the European Commission in developing emprical and policy analysis on the creation, circulation and returns from investing in knowledge. Making the most of knowledge (acronym KNOWINNO) proposes a co-operation on three distinct themes of mutual interest to the EC and the OECD: (1) services as a source of knowledge creation and growth ; (2) knowledge networks as a result of new collaborative practices, where knowledge sharing and exchange between firms, individuals and institutions have grown to facilitate knowledge creation and circulation ; (3) the career path and mobility of doctorate holders, a population specifically trained for scientific research. This cooperation will serve to strengthen the continued relevance of the Lisbon Strategy and the value added of the OECD Innovation Strategy beyond 2010.