Lutaladio N.,Organisation des Nations Unies Pour lAlimentation et lAgriculture FAO |
Prakash A.,Organisation des Nations Unies Pour lAlimentation et lAgriculture FAO
Cahiers de Nutrition et de Dietetique | Year: 2010
The International Year of the Potato (IYP) in 2008 raised awareness of the importance of the potato in addressing issues of global concern, including hunger, poverty and threats to the environment. An integral part of the global food system, the cultivated potato traces its origin to Andean and Chilean landraces developed by pre-Colombian cultivators. Taken to Europe by the Spanish, the potato was widely adopted, after initial hesitation, by farmers. During the 18 th and 19 th centuries, European colonialism and emigration took the potato to all corners of the globe. Since the 1990s, potato production has expanded dramatically in Africa, Asia and Latin America, from less than 80 million tons in 1990 to a record of 180 million tons in 2009. International Year has contributed to growing recognition of the tuber's nutritional benefits and its role in countering the effects of cereal price inflation. It serves increasingly as a source of cash for low-income farm households and as a raw material for value-added processed products. However, developing countries have not been beneficiaries of expanding international trade in potato. As a group, they have emerged as leading net importers of the commodity. © 2010 Elsevier Masson SAS. Tous droits réservés.
Balie J.,Organisation des Nations unies pour lalimentation et lagriculture FAO |
Aparisi A.M.,Organisation des Nations unies pour lalimentation et lagriculture FAO |
Gourichon H.,Organisation des Nations unies pour lalimentation et lagriculture FAO |
Diakite L.,University Mohammed Premier |
Diallo F.,University Mohammed Premier
Cahiers Agricultures | Year: 2013
In Mali, rice is the object of special attention in terms of public policy. The authorities encourage its production to provide income to producers, meet the domestic demand, and turn the country into a net exporter. Still, imported rice competes with local rice on national markets. Since the 2000s, the government has been adopting measures aimed at two objectives: keeping prices affordable for consumers and providing support to producers to boost production. The government has not achieved these two objectives simultaneously, as our comparison of wholesale and producer prices shows. Producers were indeed discouraged from 2008, with low prices despite receiving apparent policy support through the "Rice Initiative" launched in 2008. This is due to a combination of factors including measures to promote imports following the food crisis of 2008-2009, structural rigidities leading to high transport costs, and an overvaluation of the CFA franc. In order to turn the country into a net exporter of rice, the government will need to support a long-term increase of rice production by providing better price incentives.