Organisation des Nations unies pour lalimentation et lagriculture FAO

Rome, Italy

Organisation des Nations unies pour lalimentation et lagriculture FAO

Rome, Italy
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Sawadogo D.,Institute Of Lenvironnement Et Of Recherches Agricoles Inera | Courcier R.,Organisation des Nations Unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture FAO | Kondombo S.R.,Organisation des Nations Unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture FAO | Sawadogo P.,Organisation des Nations Unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture FAO | And 5 more authors.
Livestock Research for Rural Development | Year: 2017

The food crises in Burkina Faso have affected millions of people. They have eroded the livelihoods of vulnerable populations, making it difficult to meet their food needs. This deterioration may be linked to declining agricultural production and inadequate incomes. To remedy this situation, a project to rehabilitate the productive means of agro-pastoralist populations was implemented by FAO from 2013 to 2014 and tested the “Cash +” approach, linking a monetary transfer and the distribution of productive inputs, compared to a traditional input distribution (input approach) with kits of the same value for the breeding of poultry (traditional chickens) or goats. The project provided four kits (kit “Cash + goats”, kit “goats”, kit “Cash + chicken” and kit “chicken”), to 2,000 poor and very poor households in 8 communes (Kaya, Barsalogo, Pissila, Mané, Namissiguima, Pibaoré, Korsimoro and Dablo), from the Province of Sanmatenga, Central North Region. To evaluate the impact of the interventions, 3 socio-economic studies were carried out one year apart during the project. In the second year of the project, poultry raising provided better remuneration than goat raising, but it also allowed a strong growth in the value of the herd and consequently an improvement in household resilience. “Very poor” households with very modest incomes in the first year managed to improve their income more than the “poor”. The “Very poor” generally appear to benefit more sensibly from the gains of the kits received than the “Poor” ones, even for durable goods (plows, carts, bicycles), which shows well the relevance of these aids for the most deprived. © 2017, Fundacion CIPAV. All rights reserved.


Lutaladio N.,Organisation des Nations Unies Pour lAlimentation et lAgriculture FAO | Prakash A.,Organisation des Nations Unies Pour lAlimentation et lAgriculture FAO
Cahiers de Nutrition et de Dietetique | Year: 2010

The International Year of the Potato (IYP) in 2008 raised awareness of the importance of the potato in addressing issues of global concern, including hunger, poverty and threats to the environment. An integral part of the global food system, the cultivated potato traces its origin to Andean and Chilean landraces developed by pre-Colombian cultivators. Taken to Europe by the Spanish, the potato was widely adopted, after initial hesitation, by farmers. During the 18 th and 19 th centuries, European colonialism and emigration took the potato to all corners of the globe. Since the 1990s, potato production has expanded dramatically in Africa, Asia and Latin America, from less than 80 million tons in 1990 to a record of 180 million tons in 2009. International Year has contributed to growing recognition of the tuber's nutritional benefits and its role in countering the effects of cereal price inflation. It serves increasingly as a source of cash for low-income farm households and as a raw material for value-added processed products. However, developing countries have not been beneficiaries of expanding international trade in potato. As a group, they have emerged as leading net importers of the commodity. © 2010 Elsevier Masson SAS. Tous droits réservés.


Balie J.,Organisation des Nations unies pour lalimentation et lagriculture FAO | Aparisi A.M.,Organisation des Nations unies pour lalimentation et lagriculture FAO | Gourichon H.,Organisation des Nations unies pour lalimentation et lagriculture FAO | Diakite L.,University Mohammed Premier | Diallo F.,University Mohammed Premier
Cahiers Agricultures | Year: 2013

In Mali, rice is the object of special attention in terms of public policy. The authorities encourage its production to provide income to producers, meet the domestic demand, and turn the country into a net exporter. Still, imported rice competes with local rice on national markets. Since the 2000s, the government has been adopting measures aimed at two objectives: keeping prices affordable for consumers and providing support to producers to boost production. The government has not achieved these two objectives simultaneously, as our comparison of wholesale and producer prices shows. Producers were indeed discouraged from 2008, with low prices despite receiving apparent policy support through the "Rice Initiative" launched in 2008. This is due to a combination of factors including measures to promote imports following the food crisis of 2008-2009, structural rigidities leading to high transport costs, and an overvaluation of the CFA franc. In order to turn the country into a net exporter of rice, the government will need to support a long-term increase of rice production by providing better price incentives.

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