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Leneva E.A.,Orenburg State Pedagogical University
Zoologicheskii Zhurnal | Year: 2011

In 2002-2006, ration of three species in small falcons in the steppe of the South Urals was studied. During nesting periods, it consisted of rodents, reptiles, and insects. Within the area investigated, the ration of redfooted falcon (Falco vespertinus), Eurasian kestrel (Falco tinnunculus) and lesser kestrel (Falco naumanni) was related to species, the daily activity of which did not partially or wholly coincide, rather than to mass available species. Source

Khokhlova O.S.,Russian Academy of Sciences | Khokhlov A.A.,Russian Academy of Sciences | Morgunova N.L.,Orenburg State Pedagogical University | Yustus A.A.,Russian Academy of Sciences
Eurasian Soil Science | Year: 2010

Paleosols buried under kurgans of the Yamnaya (the third millennium BC) and Srubnaya (the 18th-17th centuries BC) cultures within the Skvortsovka group of kurgans in the Buzuluk River valley in Orenburg oblast have been studied. This is the area of the dry steppe zone. The changes in the paleosol properties make it possible to distinguish between relatively short-term chronointervals separately for the Yamnaya and Srubnaya cultures. The paleosol data and radiocarbon dating have been used for revealing the relative order of the construction of the kurgans within these chronointervals and for the paleoclimatic reconstruction. Quite definite changes took place in the soil formation from the beginning to the end of the particular chronointervals: the contents of humus and exchangeable bases and the portion of calcium ions in the composition of the exchangeable cations increased in parallel with the enhanced leaching of carbonates and the enhanced biological activity. These changes attest to the increasing amount of precipitation. In general, the climate of the Srubnaya cultural epoch was less continental, whereas the climate of the Yamnaya cultural epoch was relatively close to the modern climate. The 14C dates of the pedogenic carbonates in the upper meter of the paleosol profiles have been used as auxiliary data to confirm the sequence of the soil's burial during the short chronointervals corresponding to the humid stages of the paleosol's evolution, and the 14C dates of the diagenetic carbonates have been used to determine the dates of construction of the kurgans with due account for some time gap between the construction of the kurgans and the appearance of these carbonates in the buried soil profiles. © 2010 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. Source

Morgunova N.L.,Orenburg State Pedagogical University | Khokhlova O.S.,Russian Academy of Sciences
Radiocarbon | Year: 2013

We studied the chronology and periodization of the Pit-Grave (Yamnaya) culture at the Volga and Ural interfluve. Establishing the chronology of the Pit-Grave culture by archaeological methods is difficult due to the lack of artifacts in the burials. Therefore, we excavated 3 kurgan groups in the Orenburg region of Russia during the last decade. Eighteen kurgans of the Pit-Grave culture were studied using archaeological and paleopedological methods and radiocarbon dating. The funeral complexes studied were divided into 3 stages. A variety of carbon-containing materials from the same complexes were dated by different laboratories to increase the accuracy of the obtained dates. In addition, from the excavations of the last years some monuments of the Repino stage, the earliest period of the Pit-Grave culture, were dated using ceramics. Together with archaeological and paleopedological data, 14C dating helped to clarify and, in general, to confirm the 3-stage periodization of the Pit-Grave culture in the Volga-Ural interfluve: the early (Repino) stage, 4000-3300 BC; the advanced (classical) stage, 3300-2600 BC, which is divided into substages A and B at 3300-2900 and 2900-2600 BC, respectively; and the late (Poltavkinsky) stage, 2600-2300 BC. © 2013 by the Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of the University of Arizona. Source

Yergazina A.A.,Aktobe University Named After ishev | Sokolova L.B.,Orenburg State Pedagogical University | Ayzhanova G.K.,Almaty Academy of Economics and Statistics | Utaliyeva Z.T.,Kazakh National University of Arts
Life Science Journal | Year: 2014

Formation and accumulation of experience in cultural activity forms the thinking and culture in its entirety. The experience of intercultural activity is one of the attributes of the modern culture, in which harmonious development depends on the interaction of different cultures. Education meeting social, political, and economical requirements of the contemporary society is meant to solve the problem of intercultural education. Formation of democratic and tolerant intercultural personality, which retains its own culture, but understands and accepts other cultures and has sufficient competence for adequate behavior in the circumstances of cross-cultural communication, is the finite goal of intercultural education. This all is achieved through application of certain communicative strategies, which are assumed the strategies of mutual understanding, cooperation, competition, and avoidance of conflicts. The progress of the modern society is impossible without formation and accumulation of this experience, which is understood as sociocultural, sociolinguistic, and intercultural competences. These competences are necessary for successful integration into the world cultural space, which is characterized as orientation to the communication partner. Source

Dzhenzher V.O.,Orenburg State Pedagogical University
IEEE Global Engineering Education Conference, EDUCON | Year: 2014

Scratch is an excellent choice for schools. It can be used as a first language, and even as the main programming language. At the same time, Scratch is a magnificent environment for modeling and creative work [6-8, 12]. Despite its apparent simplicity and 'toy-like' features, Scratch is based on the most advanced concepts of programming and prepares young programmers to use new technologies in the future. © 2014 IEEE. Source

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