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Shelepina N.V.,Orel State Institute of economics and Trade | Parshutina I.G.,Orel State Institute of economics and Trade | Polynkova N.E.,Orel State Institute of economics and Trade
Ecology, Environment and Conservation | Year: 2015

Germinal products are by-product of peas processing for starch obtained by soaking of the grain in distilled water at the temperature + 2-4°C within 24 hours, with the subsequent separation from grain with further drying and grinding to a fine meal. It is established that germinal products from grain and peas are high in protein, lipids, fat-soluble vitamins, carotenoids, Vitamin B1, mineral elements. As part of germinal products sugar and cellulose are also detected. All essential and nonessential amino acids can be found in the protein of germinal products. Among the essential amino acids lysine and leucine dominate. Proteins of germinal products are full of amino acids such as threonine, leucine, tyrosine, phenylalanine and lysine with chemical swift over 100 %. The limiting amino acids are methionine and tryptophan. Lipid complex of germinal products is unsaturated, with a predominance of oleic and linoleic fatty acids. The content of water-soluble antioxidants (in terms of quercetin) in germinal products is not large. However, it is established that in the process of soaking in germinal products antioxidant enzymes - peroxidase, catalase, are activated, which leads to an increase in the intensity of breathing. Rational use of germs will allow not only to reduce the environmental and economic damage from unused waste but also to increase biological value and to expand the range of food products. © Copyright EM International.


Bolshakova L.S.,Orel State Institute of economics and Trade | Lisitsyn A.B.,Gorbatovs All Russian Meat Research Institute | Chernukha I.M.,Gorbatovs All Russian Meat Research Institute | Zubtsov Yu.N.,Orel State Institute of economics and Trade | Litvinova E.V.,Orel State Institute of economics and Trade
Voprosy Pitaniia | Year: 2014

The work presents the results of the research capabilities of the use of iodized milk protein as a component of food supplement and enriched food product for the correction of iodine sufficiency in girls. Milk iodinated protein was produced by the enzyme-effective iodization of amino acid residues of cow's milk whey proteins. The study involved 30 girls, whose average age was 19, 9±1, 4 years. Participants of observation were divided into three groups, for 10 people each. The first group received daily serving of meat cutlets (50g), enriched with dairy iodinated protein. Iodine content in the finished minced was 100 meg. The second group received iodinated milk protein in the form od food supplement with iodine content of 100 meg. The third group was a control one. The duration of observations was 30 days. To assess the effectiveness of measures the concentration of iodine in urine, blood levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone and free thyroxine have been determined, changes in cognitive processes (memory and attention) with the use of psychological tests have been evaluated. Studies have shown the effectiveness of using of iodized milk protein for the correction of iodine deficiency in girls. The use of iodized protein, as part of the enriched product and in the form of food supplement increased urinary iodine level and had a positive influence on the state of the hypophysial-thyroid system. In addition, the use of iodized milk protein helped to improve the cognitive functions of the students, which can be considered as an additional positive effect of correction of iodine deficiency.


Soboleva Y.P.,Orel State Institute of Economics and Trade | Parshutina I.G.,Orel State Institute of Economics and Trade
Indian Journal of Science and Technology | Year: 2015

Consumption potential is one of the key elements of the investment climate in the region. It determines the amount of effective demand in the region and is the basis for the manufacturers' assortment policy formation. The article represents the results of the study of the consumption potential as a fundamental element of the investment climate in the region. The models reflecting the dependence of the quantity demanded for the commodity lines on the main factor indices have been developed as results. Practical implementation of the formed models consists in forecasting the region's needs for basic food products.


Shelepina N.V.,Orel State Institute of economics and Trade | Zelenov A.N.,Russian Academy of Sciences | Bolshakova L.S.,Orel State Institute of economics and Trade
Indian Journal of Science and Technology | Year: 2016

Background/Objectives: The research goal is to investigate the amino acid composition and biological protein value of seeds of new morphotypes of peas. Methods/Statistical analysis: The crude protein content is determined by decomposition of organic matter by sulfuric acid over catalyst. The crude protein content was calculated according to the amount of nitrogen release using the coefficient 6.25. Amino acid composition of protein was studied by capillary electrophoresis. Protein biological value was calculated based on the ideal protein according to FAO/WHO requirements for the control. Investigations were carried out in triplicate. Statistical data processing was performed using the Microsoft Excel 2010 statistical package determining the error of the mean and standard deviation at a significance point of 95%. Findings: The study of protein complex of new varieties and forms of peas revealed the identity of the amino acid composition of the protein in different morphotypes. The biological value of pea seed proteins is limited by methionine, an essential amino acid, and to a lesser extent by valine. The wrinkle-seeded types prevail over the smooth-seeded types by the amount of essential amino acids. Proteins of wrinkle-seeded Amior variety and Amich-99-1132 breeding line were characterized by the largest biological value in terms of the sum of essential amino acids. For the first time the research conducted in terms of amino acid composition of protein in pea varieties with modified leaf architectonics demonstrated that they are more useful compared to the parent varieties. Sources of methionine (B-Agrimut, Agritek Mutant), phenylalanine (Ras-type) and tryptophane (Multik) were identified among varieties with non-traditional leaf architectonics. The obtained data confirm the feasibility and efficiency of breeding work in improving the habitus of pea plants, as well as the possibility of their further use as the initial material to improve the quality of seeds, and for food purposes. Applications/Improvements: To expand the resource base of the processing industry it is recommended to include modern varieties and breeding lines of peas, the initial material to improve the quality of seeds, and for food purposes. Applications/Improvements: To expand the resource base of the processing industry it is recommended to include modern varieties and breeding lines of peas, differing with high content of protein and some amino acids, in breeding programs for improving the quality of seeds.


Soboleva Y.P.,Orel State Institute of Economics and Trade | Parshutina I.G.,Orel State Institute of Economics and Trade
Indian Journal of Science and Technology | Year: 2016

Background/Objectives: The study is analyzing the enterprise strategic planning system and its optimization to improve the competitiveness of regions. Improvement of the strategic planning mechanism should be a priority task for the regional economic policy. Methods: The research has been performed on the basis of the food industry enterprises of the Central Federal District of Russia. The authors have used marketing tools (interviewing and interrogation) and the financial and economic analysis of company performance. In order to optimize the strategic planning process, based on the systemic and integrated approaches the planning process modeling has been used, as well as correlation and regression analysis. Findings: The study has identified the main problems of strategic planning in the Russian companies. To solve them, a scheme of the strategic planning process optimization has been elaborated. It is based on the assessment of the quality of each of the planning stages. The implementation of the scheme involves the use of a specific set of evaluation criteria expressed in the form of specific indicators. Developed tools of strategic planning quality assessment will allow managers to timely identify problem areas in the company. In addition, to improve the company's efficiency, the classical model of strategic planning has been complemented with a unit of information support improvement. Using the correlation and regression analysis in the model has made it possible to establish the relationship between the resulting index (strategic objective) and factor performance (performance criteria). The scientific approach to the formulation of the company's goals and objectives will increase the degree of the strategic plan feasibility and the attainability of the planned results. Improvements: The significance of the model for the company's strategic planning system improvement is that its implementation will form an effective management system ensuring the growth of investment attractiveness of the region.

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