Oregon State University is a coeducational, public research university in Corvallis, Oregon, United States. The university offers more than 200 undergraduate, graduate, and doctoral degree programs and has the largest total enrollment in Oregon. More than 160,000 people have attended OSU since its founding. The Carnegie Foundation classifies the Oregon State University as a research university with very high research activity. In addition, it is designated by Carnigie Foundation with 'Community Engagement' classification.OSU is one of 73 land-grant universities in the United States. The school is also a sea-grant, space-grant, and sun-grant institution, making it one of only two US institutions to obtain all four designations and the only public university to do so . OSU received almost $285 million in research grants and contracts for the 2014 fiscal year, which is more research funding than all other public universities in Oregon combined. Wikipedia.
Oregon State University | Date: 2015-01-30
Certain disclosed embodiments concern a method and an apparatus for determining molecular structure. One embodiment comprises producing sample ions from a sample, cooling molecules of the sample ions by either embedding sample ions in superfluid droplets, such as superfluidic helium droplets, or subjecting sample ions in a cooled ion trap, to a selected temperature approaching absolute zero. Plural cooled sample ions confined in a diffraction zone are oriented using a laser, and a diffraction image is produced from oriented sample ions using an electron beam. Molecular structure is determined using collected images from different orientations obtained under different polarization directions of the orientation laser. Embodiments of an apparatus for determining molecular structure also are disclosed. The apparatus operation, data accumulation and processing are controlled by software. The software can directly calculate electron density maps without using heavy atom derivatives or multi-wavelength anomalous dispersion phasing methods.
Oregon State University | Date: 2015-05-29
Implantable passive engineered mechanisms and a method for implanting such devices in a subject are described. The implantable passive engineered mechanism may be made of or comprise a biocompatible material and is appropriately sized for implantation in a subject. Exemplary implantable passive engineered mechanisms may be selected from a strut, a pulley, a lever, a compliant mechanism, a scissor lift, a tendon network, springs, planetary gears, rigid or soft hydraulics, a linkage system, a cam/clutch system, or combinations thereof. In some embodiments the system comprises plural inserts, such as pulleys, levers, and/or tendon networks. Plural inserts may be arranged hierarchically to distribute force differentially from an input to one or more outputs.
Oregon State University | Date: 2015-06-17
An apparatus is disclosed herein comprising one or more optically reflective materials, one or more electrodes, one or more photodetecting materials, and one or more substrates. At least one optically reflective material is electrically insulating, and the electrodes are positioned adjacent to the insulating optically reflective material. Additionally, the photodetecting materials are positioned on the substrates and are adjacent to the one or more electrodes. A method is disclosed comprising providing one or more photodetecting materials positioned on one or more substrates, placing one or more electrodes adjacent to the photodetecting materials, and placing one or more optically reflective materials adjacent to the electrodes and/or substrate. At least one optically reflective material is electrically insulating, and the insulating optically reflective material is placed adjacent to the electrodes. A method is also disclosed comprising providing an apparatus as above and using the apparatus.
Oregon State University and Sharp Laboratories of America Inc. | Date: 2015-06-05
A method is provided for fabricating a graphene-doped, carbohydrate-derived hard carbon (G-HC) composite material for alkali metal-ion batteries. The method provides graphene oxide (GO) dispersed in an aqueous solution. A carbohydrate is dissolved into the aqueous solution and subsequently the water is removed to create a precipitate. In one aspect, the carbohydrate is sucrose. The precipitate is dehydrated and exposed to a thermal treatment of less than 1200 degrees C. to carbonize the carbohydrate. The result is the formation of a graphene-doped, carbohydrate-derived hard carbon (G-HC) composite. Typically, the G-HC composite is made up of graphene in the range of 0.1 and 20% by weight (wt %), and HC in the range of 80 to 99.9 wt %. The G-HC composite has a specific surface area of less than 10 square meters per gram (m
Oregon State University | Date: 2015-01-06
This disclosure describes the molecular cloning of a pactamycin biosynthetic gene cluster from