Cherepovitsyn A.E.,Saint Petersburg State University |
Vorobiev A.G.,Ore and Metals Publishing House |
Larichkin F.D.,Russian Academy of Sciences
Gornyi Zhurnal | Year: 2017
The purpose of this research is to identify the basic objectives of the investment policy in the Eurasian countries and to determine the advantages and blind sides of the governmental regulation of the investment policy. The authors discuss major aspects of the investment policy in the Eurasian countries in terms of Russia, Belorussia, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, China and Iran. The studies exhibit a global decline in the foreign direct investment. The leader of the international capital flows is China as one of the rapidly growing economies. Russia had faced the three times reduction in the direct foreign investment in 2014 as compared with 2013. The article describes general trends of the investment policy in the area of subsoil use in Russia. The mineral raw materials sector is the primary sector in the Russian economy, activization of potential investors in mineral mining and processing is associated with the efficient governmental policy aimed at attraction of foreign investments. The major problems in the attraction of investment to subsoil use in Russia are, first of all, administrative barriers and weak market of geological information. The revealed factors that affect the investment attractiveness of the countries in the area of subsoil use are, among other things, geographical, administrative, economical and technological factors. Based on the analysis of the performance of agencies for attraction of investment in the above-listed counties, the key areas are indentified for national branches that promote attraction of foreign investors. The governmental supportive measures, including investment policy, aimed at efficient mineral mining and utilization are determined.
Kryuchek O.A.,Apatit JSC |
Belousova V.D.,Apatit JSC |
Ilin S.A.,Ore and Metals Publishing House
Gornyi Zhurnal | Year: 2014
Apatit JSC launched its history in 1929 as a group of an underground mine and a processing plant established on the basis of mineral wealth of the Khibiny Mountains. By the end of the 1930s, the business group produced 1.2 Mt of apatite concentrate per year. During World War II, the company changed to the defense-aimed production and only re-gained the pre-war output rate in terms of the final concentrate by 1950. Within 1961-65 two underground mines and a surface mine, and the second processing plant were constructed. Since 1965 Gornyi Zhurnal has been publishing articles about the company: first as reviews and topical articles on anniversaries of the company (1965-89), later on as individual special issues dedicated to the company (1999-2009). The decade from 1980 to 1989 celebrated the highest production factor of the company, the apatite concentrate output climbed the figure of 20 Mt in 1988. This achievement was backed up with the commissioning of two more open pit mines and the third processing plant. The collapse of the Soviet Union affected the company's performance: business communications broke, paying capacity of consumers dipped down, governmental support of capital construction was halted. Besides, mineral reserves suitable for mining by economic opencast method verged towards depletion. Under the circumstances, Apatit JSC initiated the sustainable development program, and at the alteration and upgrading of mining and processing activities. In 2002 the company became the part of PhosAgro Holding Company, which strengthened financial standing of Apatit JSC and built up capital construction. At present Apatit maintains stability and success in operation and socioeconomic status.
Vorobev A.G.,National Research Nuclear University MEPhI |
Timokhin D.V.,Ore and Metals Publishing House |
Ivanova M.S.,Ore and Metals Publishing House |
Popova G.I.,Ore and Metals Publishing House |
Serebryannaya L.S.,Ore and Metals Publishing House
Tsvetnye Metally | Year: 2014
There was researched the problem of competitive lagging of Russian metallurgy from South-East Asian enterprises (especially Chinese). There was made an offer to overcome such lagging with the help of production innovatization. Conditions of realization of innovation breakthrough in Russian metallurgy were considered. According to this, there was carried out the analysis of correspondence of modern state of the industry to these conditions. Methods of optimization of operation of Russian metallurgical enterprises were defined, taking into account the global market requirements. The following operations were carried out for the purpose of definition of critical threats to metallurgical enterprises: - considering of metallurgical products market dynamics (especially its geographical aspect); - definition of main trends in the global metallurgy, which should comply with Russian metallurgical industry. There was proved the fact, that development of innovation content of Russian metallurgy is one of the most prospective ways. There were defined the specific prospective metallurgical technologies and markets, where innovation potential of Russian enterprises can be the most essential. There were defined the specific threats, which part for Russian industry will be increased with time. The main cause of these threats is globalization of economy and world-wide steel market development. Efficiency of creation of joint international innovation projects was proved together with advanced development of innovation product markets, which have not been already developed by enterprises from developed countries. This paper gives the conclusions, which confirm the importance of innovation policy of metallurgical enterprises, as the basic instrument of overcoming of competitive lagging from developing countries. © Designed by: "Ore and Metals" Publishing House.
Ilin S.A.,Ore and Metals Publishing House
Gornyi Zhurnal | Year: 2014
English terms «mineral» and «deposit» correspond to Russian terms «poleznoe iskopaemoe» and «mestorozhdenie». Both terms are historical, official and widely used in Russian mining scientific and technical literature. The word-for-word interpretation of Russian term «poleznoe iskopaemoe» into English is «useful fossil» («useful dig up»), which is not completely applicable, if we talk about natural gas, because it is not actually "digged". This article gives the offer to use the term «mineralnyi product» (mineral product) in spite of the term «poleznoe iskopaemoe». It should be noted that English term «mineral» in Russian mining terminology is a physical-chemical body with homogeneous composition and properties (magnetite, sphalerite, apatite etc). The English word-for-word interpretation of more complex Russian term «mestorozhdenie» is «birth place». However, in practice, this term is interpreted as accumulation of mineral substance in nature, suitable for industrial use. This article offers to use more applicable Russian term «zalezh» (bed), which is closer to English term «deposit». This article gives recommendations on stylistic correction of other Russian terms: razrabotka (mining, working, exploitation) and zakladka (stonage).