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Buonomenna M.G.,Ordine dei Chimici Della Campania | Bae J.,Dongduk Women's University
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews | Year: 2015

In this work, an overview of the interconnections between membrane technology and renewable energy sources (biomass, salinity gradient power, wind, solar) is given. Regarding biomass, membrane processes such as membrane reactors and bio-reactors, membrane contactors, membrane distillation in the logic of process intensification strategy may be opportunely integrated in the production processes of green fuels. Their advantages such as reduction of the separation load and stage number, improved yields and selectivities compared to conventional processes imply low direct energy consumption, lower footprint area occupied by the processes plants. Moreover, the possibility of integration these advanced membrane processes with other traditional membrane operations such as microfiltration (MF), ultrafiltration (UF), nanofiltration (NF), reverse osmosis (RO), pervaporation (PV) allows the reduction of indirect energy consumption through the recycling and reuse of raw materials and secondary materials minimizing the formation of wastes. Both Pressure Retarded Osmosis (PRO) and Reversed Electro Dialysis (RED), the only two technologies for which salinity gradient power-based demonstration projects are running, use membranes. In this article, key points and challenges to be faced for both PRO and RED are reported. On the other side, membrane desalination plants, are more often considered excellent locations to install wind and solar power generators. Most advanced research in the field is focused on solar assisted membrane distillation (MD). In the logic of fully "sustainable desalination", highly innovative technologies such as Microbial desalination cells (MDCs) could be integrated as pre-treatment stage in membrane desalination plants in remote, arid regions. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Buonomenna M.G.,Ordine dei Chimici Della Campania | Bae J.,Dongduk Women's University
Separation and Purification Reviews | Year: 2015

Organic solvent nanofiltration (OSN) is a promising energy and waste efficient unit process to separate mixtures down to a molecular level, which gained attention in the pharmaceutical industry, in particular in the process development of Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (APIs). This article focuses on all aspects related to OSN (i.e., membrane materials, commercial membranes, transport theories, applications) to understand the role of this technology in pharmaceutical industry. The most important results in the last five years on OSN applications in the process development of APIs are reviewed extensively. Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Buonomenna M.G.,Ordine dei Chimici della Campania | Bae J.,Dongduk Women's University
Nanoscience and Nanotechnology - Asia | Year: 2013

Lithium ion batteries are the key components of the portable, entertainment, computing and telecommunication equipment required by today's information-rich and mobile society. Highly flexible batteries would free product designers from the constraints of rigid and predetermined forms. In addition, powerful and light-weight batteries made from inherently safe materials could facilitate quickly advance development of electric vehicles and other transportation applications. In this mini-review, some advances on flexible and light-weight batteries are reported and discussed. © 2013 Bentham Science Publishers.

Buonomenna M.G.,Ordine Dei Chimici della Campania
RSC Advances | Year: 2013

This review gives an overview of the key results in various fields of membrane technology with special emphasis to their exploitation in sustainable industrial applications. Considerable progress has been made in short time in a number of important application areas: membrane technology and engineering for water treatment, gas separation, purification and recovery in petrochemical, chemical, pharmaceutical, electronic industry, regenerative medicine etc. The basic properties of membrane operations (generally a-thermal; simple in concept and operation; modular and easy to scale-up; with a potential for more rational utilization of raw materials and recovery and reuse; compatible to a retrofit strategy) are at the basis of their integration into industrial practice. © 2013 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

Buonomenna M.G.,Ordine dei Chimici della Campania
Desalination | Year: 2013

Nowadays, the most promising technology to desalinate seawater is reverse osmosis (RO), which is experiencing significant growth.Over the past few decades remarkable advances have been made in the preparation of RO membranes from different materials. In addition to ongoing research into conventional polymeric RO membrane materials, nanotechnology has opened the way to produce nano-enhanced membranes (NEMs), i.e. membrane functionalized with discrete nanoparticles or nanotubes. In the present paper, after a brief review of the historical development of commercial successful RO membrane materials, an overview of the novel NEMs that will shape the actual trends in membrane material R&D is given. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

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