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Seoul, South Korea

Han S.Y.,Yonsei University | Kim J.S.,Yonsei University | Kim Y.S.,Yonsei University | Kwon H.K.,Yonsei University | And 2 more authors.
Photomedicine and Laser Surgery | Year: 2014

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the occluding effects of a combination of dentifrice containing nano-carbonate apatite (n-CAP) and CO2 laser on dentinal tubules, and to evaluate the acid resistance of this combination after 4 days of treatment, by using an in situ model. Background data: The synergic effect of this combination was demonstrated in an in vitro study. Methods: This was a two period crossover, single-blind, randomized, four-treatment, split-mouth study. Ten healthy participants wore lower intraoral appliances during the treatment period. Specimens were divided into the following four groups: no treatment (control group), tooth-brushing using 20% n-CAP dentifrice (n-CAP group), CO2 laser irradiation (laser group), and laser irradiation after n-CAP application (combined group). Occluding effects were evaluated on 2 days (days 1 and 2), and then acid challenge was performed using grape juice on 2 days (days 3 and 4). All of the specimen surfaces were evaluated by a scanning electron microscope. Results: The combined group showed a better occluding effect than control group compared with other treatment groups, and this effect was 20% higher than that in the n-CAP group. Also, the combined group had the smallest open dentinal tubular area among all of the treatment groups. Conclusions: The combined therapy is a promising method for ensuring a long-lasting effect of dentin hypersensitivity treatment in clinical practice. © Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 2014.

Shin S.-J.,Oral Science Research Center | Kim H.-K.,Yonsei University | Jung I.-Y.,Oral Science Research Center | Lee C.-Y.,Oral Science Research Center | And 2 more authors.
Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology and Endodontology | Year: 2010

Objectives: This study evaluated the efficacy of EndoVac system in comparison with that of a conventional needle irrigation method when the root canals were enlarged to various sizes. Study design: Sixty-nine single-rooted teeth were divided into 3 groups according to the root canal irrigation system (24G and 30G needle and EndoVac). Each group was divided into 3 subgroups according to the MAF size (#25, #40, and #60). Four-micron-thick serial sections were prepared at 1.5 and 3.5 mm from the apical level and photographs were taken for the analysis. The influence of the irrigation system and apical size was evaluated using a 1-way ANOVA test and Tukey's test (P < .05). Results: At both levels, significant differences were detected between EndoVac system and conventional needle irrigation in removing debris (P < .05). The relationship between the MAF size and irrigation efficacy was found to have a positive relationship (P < .05). Conclusions: EndoVac left significantly less debris behind than the conventional needle irrigation methods. Although all 3 irrigation methods resulted in clean root canals because the percentage occupied by remaining debris was very low in our specimens, larger apical instrumentation seemed to improve apical root canal debridement. © 2010 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

Hur M.-S.,Catholic Kwandong University | Kim H.-J.,Catholic Kwandong University | Choi B.-Y.,Yonsei University | Hu K.-S.,Oral Science Research Center | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Craniofacial Surgery | Year: 2013

The mentalis muscle (MT) is the only elevator of the lower lip and the chin, and it provides the major vertical support for the lower lip. However, there are few reports on the relationship between the MT and its surrounding muscles. The aim of this study was to clarify the morphology of the MT, especially in relation to the orbicularis oris muscle and the incisivus labii inferioris muscle (ILI), thereby providing data to understand the function of the MT in relation to the surrounding muscles. The MT was examined in 40 specimens of embalmed adult Korean cadavers. The medial fibers of both MTs descended anteromedially and crossed together, forming a dome-shaped chin prominence in all specimens. The lateral fibers of the MT descended inferomedially in 38 specimens (95%) and inferolaterally in 2 specimens (5%). The upper fibers of the MT were short and ran horizontally, whereas the lower fibers were long and descended inferomedially or vertically. The upper fibers of the MT were intermingled with the inferior margin of the orbicularis oris muscle in all specimens. The originating muscle fibers of the ILI were intermingled with the upper lateral MT in all specimens. Some of the ILI fibers extended inferomedially to the middle or lower portion of the MT in 22 specimens (55%). The results of this study constitute new anatomical knowledge regarding the MT and will be useful to surgeons performing various surgical procedures of the chin area. Copyright © 2013 by Mutaz B. Habal, MD.

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