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Giuntoli G.,University of Florence | Giuntoli G.,National Research Council Italy | Rosi L.,University of Florence | Frediani M.,University of Florence | And 4 more authors.
Progress in Organic Coatings | Year: 2014

End-capped poly(lactic acid)s with a benzotriazole moiety were synthesized by Ring Opening Polymerization of lactide, characterized by spectroscopic methods and tested as protective coatings on selected bronze surfaces. Performances of functionalized polymers were evaluated in terms of colour changes of the treated metal and stability of the coating. A comparison between end-capped polymers and a mixture of poly(lactic acid) and benzotriazole was also run. End-capped poly(lactic acid)s showed excellent stability to photochemical and thermo-hygrometric ageing and better performances than a blend of poly(lactic acid) and benzotriazole. These polymers show promising performances for metal's coating. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. Source

Daffara C.,University of Verona | Ambrosini D.,University of LAquila | Pezzati L.,CNR Institute of Neuroscience | Mariotti P.I.,Opificio Delle Pietre Dure
AIP Conference Proceedings | Year: 2013

Reflectography in the thermal band Mid-IR 3-5 μm is discussed as a novel tool for the noninvasive analysis of pictorial surface layers in artworks, and its potential is experimentally demonstrated on target models as well as on genuine masterpieces. Reflectography in the Mid-IR is based on the idea of recording the energy reflected by the object, which is strongly related to the surface properties. Therefore, Mid-IR Reflectography has the characteristic feature of providing a good differentiation of surface materials. © 2013 AIP Publishing LLC. Source

Scan4Reco will develop a novel portable, integrated and modular solution for customized and thus cost-effective, automatic digitization and analysis of cultural heritage objects (CHOs), even in situ. A multi-sensorial 3D scanning - facilitated by a mechanical arm will collect multi-spectra data and then, a hierarchical approach for 3D reconstruction of CHOs will be applied, enabling multi-layered rendering, advancing both analysis and 3D printing procedures. The goal will be to create highly accurate digital surrogates of CHOs, providing also detailed insight over their surface and also the volumetric structure, material composition and shape/structure of underlying materials, enabling rendering either via visualization techniques or via multi-material 3D printing. Material analyses will be applied, to understand the heterogeneous nature and complex structures of CHOs, to identify the broad and varied classes of materials and to understand their degradation mechanisms over time, deriving context-dependant ageing models per material. Uni-material models will be spatiotemporally simulated, based on environmental phenomena modeling, so as to collectively render imminent degradation effects on the multi-material CHOs, enabling prediction and recreation of their future appearance, as well as automatic restoration, reaching even back to their original shape. Scan4Reco will further facilitate conservation, by indicating spots/segments of cultural objects that are in eminent conservation need and require special care, while suggestions will be provided by a dedicated Decision Support System (DSS), over conservation methods that should be followed. All the above will be validated on real case scenarios involving heterogeneous objects of various sizes and materials, in 2 pilot real-world use cases. To enhance the accessibility of the digitized cultural objects to the scientific community, field experts and the general public, a virtual model of a museum will be launched.

Salvadori B.,CNR Institute for the Conservation and Promotion of Cultural Heritage | Pinna D.,Opificio Delle Pietre Dure | Porcinai S.,Opificio Delle Pietre Dure
Environmental Science and Pollution Research | Year: 2014

Salt crystallization is a major damage factor in stone weathering, and the application of inappropriate protective products may amplify its effects. This research focuses on the evaluation of two protective products' performance (organic polydimethylsiloxane and inorganic ammonium oxalate (NH4)2(COO)2·H2O) in the case of a salt load from behind. Experimental laboratory simulations based on salt crystallization cycles and natural weathering in an urban area were carried out. The effects were monitored over time, applying different methods: weight loss evaluation, colorimetric and water absorption by capillarity measurements, stereomicroscope observations, FTIR and SEM-EDS analyses. The results showed minor impact exerted on the short term on stones, particularly those treated with the water repellent, by atmospheric agents compared to salt crystallization. Lithotypes with low salt load (Gioia marble) underwent minor changes than the heavily salt-laden limestones (Lecce and Ançã stones), which were dramatically damaged when treated with polysiloxane. The results suggest that the ammonium oxalate treatment should be preferred to polysiloxane in the presence of soluble salts, even after desalination procedures which might not completely remove them. In addition, the neo-formed calcium oxalate seemed to effectively protect the stone, improving its resistance against salt crystallization without occluding the pores and limiting the superficial erosion caused by atmospheric agents. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source

Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: INFRAIA-1-2014-2015 | Award Amount: 8.16M | Year: 2015

IPERION CH aims to establish the unique pan-European research infrastructure in Heritage Science by integrating national world-class facilities at research centres, universities and museums. The cross-disciplinary consortium of 23 partners (from 12 Member States and the US) offers access to instruments, methodologies and data for advancing knowledge and innovation in the conservation and restoration of cultural heritage. Fourth in a line of successful projects (CHARISMA-FP7, Eu-ARTECH-FP6 and LabS-TECH network-FP5), IPERION CH widens trans-national access by adding new providers with new expertise and instruments to the three existing complementary platforms ARCHLAB, FIXLAB and MOLAB. The quality of access services will be improved through joint research activities focused on development of new advanced diagnostic techniques and (with DARIAH ERIC) tools for storing and sharing scientific cultural heritage data. Networking activities will (a) promote innovation through technology transfer and dynamic involvement of SMEs; (b) improve access procedures by setting up a coordinated and integrated approach for harmonising and enhancing interoperability among the facilities; (c) identify future scientific challenges, best practices and protocols for measurements; (d) optimise the use of digital tools in Heritage Science. To advance the international role of EU cultural heritage research, IPERION CH will generate social and cultural innovation by training a new generation of researchers and professionals and by worldwide dissemination and communication to diverse audiences. To ensure long-term sustainability, the advanced community of IPERION CH will work towards inclusion in the new ESFRI Roadmap and constitution of a RI with its own EU legal entity (e.g. ERIC). Synergies with national and local bodies, and with managing authorities in charge of ESIF, will expand the scope and impact of IPERION CH in terms of competitiveness, innovation, growth and jobs in ERA.

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