PubMed | Operative Unit of Medical Oncology
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology | Year: 2016
352 Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) from alcoholic cirrhosis, associated or not with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, is a particularly severe liver disease. Scanty and inconsistent data concerning the efficacy of sorafenib in patients (pts) with this disease are available.Since February 2009 we screened 26 Child-Pugh liver function class A pts bearing the above characteristics. Sixteen of them (61.5%), 15 males and 1 female with median age of 69 years (range 54-79), received 400 mg sorafenib b.i.d. Predominant cause of HCC was alcohol consumption in 13 pts (81.2%), associated with chronic HCV infection in 2 pts (12.5%), and hemosiderosis in 1 pt (6.2%). All pts suffered from multiple comorbidities, and 3 had been previously treated for Burkitt lymphoma, bladder and breast cancer. One pt with prostate cancer was on treatment with androgen blockade. Median number of concomitant medications was 4 (range 2-9). Four pts never received locoregional treatment, and none had received previous antineoplastic therapy.Twelve pts (73%) discontinued sorafenib after a median time of 2 months (range 2-6). The reasons for treatment discontinuation were disease progression (4 pts), liver function deterioration (5 pts), and mild gastrointestinal adverse events (2 pts): 1 pt refused sorafenib treatment after 15 days. 2/4 patients still on treatment with sorafenib at 7, 8, 11, and 18 months showed partial response (RECIST criteria). Seven pts (40%) died because of disease progression at a median time of 5.5 months (range 2-9) and at a median overall survival time of 36 months from diagnosis (range 2-84).Treatment with sorafenib in pts affected by HCC and alcoholic cirrhosis seems effective and well tolerated with high-level compliance. The most common cause of discontinuation was progression of disease and liver function deterioration. No significant financial relationships to disclose.